Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition addiction
Treatments tolcapone, placebo, bromocriptine
Sponsor University of California, San Francisco
Collaborator University of California, Berkeley
Start date July 2013
End date January 2018
Trial size 38 participants
Trial identifier NCT02929485, 2011-11-3748

Summary

In this study, the investigators are looking at how people make decisions about reward-related items, both monetary and food related after taking either the dopamine agonist bromocriptine or the COMT inhibitor tolcapone, in healthy control subjects. Subjects will fill self-report questionnaires and undergo an MRI scan.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)
Primary purpose basic science
Arm
(Experimental)
Drug: Tolcapone 200mg (single dose) administered at study visit
tolcapone Tasmar
Tolcapone 200mg (single dose) administered at study visit
(Placebo Comparator)
Drug: Placebo for tolcapone administered at study visit
placebo
Placebo (200mg) administered at study visit
(Experimental)
Drug: Bromocriptine 1.25mg (single dose) administered at study visit
bromocriptine Parlodel
Drug: Bromocriptine 1.25 mg (single dose) administered at study visit

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Measure Effects of Placebo,Tolcapone, Bromocriptine on Reaction Time
time frame: 3 weeks
Measure Effects of Placebo,Tolcapone, Bromocriptine on Accuracy
time frame: 3 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Measure Observed Changes in Resting State Neural Activity
time frame: 3 weeks
Measure Observed Changes in Task Dependent Neural Activity
time frame: 3 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 50 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age between 18 and 50 years. - Subject is right-handed. - If female, subject is non-lactating, not pregnant, and using a reliable contraception method (i.e. abstinence, intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal birth control or barrier method). - Subject is able to read and speak English. - Subject is a high school graduate. - Subject is able and willing to provide written and informed consent. - Subject is able to understand and follow the instructions of the investigator, and understand all ratings scales. - Subject is in good health. Exclusion Criteria - Using cocaine, stimulants (other than THC, nicotine, & caffeine)amphetamines, hallucinogens, "ecstasy", opiates, sedatives, pain pills, sleeping pills or other psychoactive drugs within two weeks of the start of the study OR more than 10 times in the last year. - Has a current dependence on, or addiction to any psychoactive drug (except nicotine or caffeine) including alcohol. - Clinically significant medical or psychiatric illness requiring treatment as determined by screening blood tests, medical history, and physical exam performed or reviewed by the study physician. - Subject has a history of major alcohol related complications within the proceeding 2 years (liver failure/cirrhosis, pancreatitis, esophageal varices, etc.) - Liver function test ≥ 3 times normal upper limit. - BAC level > 0.05% at the beginning of screening visit (within margin of error of detection). - Has a neurological dysfunction or psychiatric disorder. - Has severe low blood pressure. - Has uncontrolled high blood pressure. - Regular use of any of the drugs on the tolcapone or entacapone contraindications list OR within 2 weeks of drug administration. - Regular use of SSRIs. - Has an allergy or intolerance to tolcapone or entacapone. - Subject has received an investigational drug within 30 days of screening visit. - Subject is considered unsuitable for the study in the opinion of the investigator or study physician for any other reason. MRI Exclusion Criteria: - The subject has metal (metal plates, pins, wires or screws, artificial limb, joint replacement or anything that might have been inserted during an operation) in his/her body. - Subject has a pacemaker, defibrillator, stent, or any metal implants related to heart/blood flow problems. - Subject has worked with metals (ie. metallurgy, metal shaving, welding, soldering, etc). - Subject has been wounded with anything metal (bullet, shrapnel or metal filling). - Has ever gotten a piece of metal in the eye. - Has tattoos done with ink containing metal or permanent eyeliner. - Wears color contact lenses. - Has a hearing problem or hearing aid, cochlear implant or past ear surgery. - Has any irremovable dental bridges, dental plates, metal caps or any other non-removable metal in the mouth. - The subject is claustrophobic. - The subject is pregnant. (women only) - Has a IUD. (women only) - Significantly overweight.

Additional Information

Official title Dopaminergic Modulation of Frontostriatal Function With a Dopamine Agonist and COMT Inhibitor
Principal investigator Andrew Kayser, MD,PhD
Description The investigators aim to understand how the brain's dopamine system impacts monetary and food-related decision making. The investigators aim to use tolcapone and bromocriptine due to the temporary change in the levels of dopamine in the brain. The investigators also aim to determine if genetics, personality traits, or a family history of alcoholism change how these drugs affect decision making.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of California, San Francisco.