Overview

Condition lymphatic filariasis
Treatments 3 drug dose - ida, 2 drug dose - da
Sponsor Washington University School of Medicine
Collaborator Case Western Reserve University
Start date July 2016
End date July 2017
Trial size 38000 participants
Trial identifier NCT02899936, 201607068

Summary

The DOLF Triple Drug Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis study will determine the frequency, type and severity of adverse events following triple-drug therapy (IVM+DEC+ALB, IDA) compared to the standard two-drug treatment (DEC+ALB, DA) in infected and uninfected individuals in a community in 5 different countries. The objective is to acquire safety, efficacy, and acceptability data to assess the safety and acceptability of the IDA drug combination.

Recruiting in the following locations…

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries Haiti, India, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Drug treatment with two-drug regimen diethylcarbamazine and albendazole (DA)
2 drug dose - da DA
Lymphatic Filariasis Mass Drug Administration (MDA) with the currently used standard of care combination drug therapy of diethylcarbamazine, and albendazole (DA)
(Experimental)
Triple-drug regimen Ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole (IDA)
3 drug dose - ida IDA
Lymphatic Filariasis Mass Drug Administration (MDA) with triple drug therapy of ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, and albendazole (IDA)

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by modified CTCAE v4.0 scale
time frame: within 7 days of drug administration

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Number of participants with clearance of microfilaremia (MF) as measured with microfilaremia night blood smear testing (finger prick - 60ul)
time frame: within 7 days of drug administration and follow up at 12 months
Number of participants Filarial Test Strip (FTS) and/or MF positive as tested with FTS and night blood smears with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by modified CTCAE v4.0 scale
time frame: within 7 days of drug administration and follow up at 12 months
Community acceptance will be measured using on a survey using likert scale questions based on perception of efficacy, intent to participate and relevance of the treatment.
time frame: 6-8 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 2 years old.

In India: Inclusion Criteria: 1. Age ≥ 5 years, male or female for IDA arm and age > 2 years for DA arm. 2. Able to provide informed consent to participate in the trial (forms to be attached) 3. No evidence of severe or systemic co-morbidities except for features of filarial disease Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age < 5 years (ivermectin is contraindicated in children below 5 years of age) for IDA arm and age < 2 years for DA arm 2. Pregnant women (DEC, ivermectin and albendazole are contraindicated in pregnancy) 3. Severe chronic illness (for example, chronic renal failure, inability to care for oneself with activities of daily living) 4. History of previous allergy to MDA drugs For rest of countries: Inclusion Criteria: 1. Age ≥ 5 years, for IDA and DA arms (males and females). 2. Able to provide informed consent or give parental consent for minors to participate in the trial 3. No evidence of severe or systemic co-morbidities except for features of filarial disease Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age < 5 years (ivermectin is not approved for use in children less than 5 years of age) 2. Unable to provide informed consent or give parental consent for minors to participate in the trial 3. Pregnant women (DEC, ivermectin and albendazole are not known to be safe for use during pregnancy) 4. Severe chronic illness (chronic renal insufficiency, severe chronic liver disease, or any illness that is severe enough to interfere with activities of daily living) 5. History of previous allergy to MDA drugs

Additional Information

Official title Community Based Safety Study of 2-drug (Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) Versus 3-drug (Ivermectin, Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis
Principal investigator Gary Weil, MD
Description In 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) to eliminate lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem by 2020. To interrupt transmission, WHO recommends therapy using combinations of two medicines delivered to entire at-risk populations through a strategy known as mass drug administration. Ivermectin (IVM) and albendazole (ALB) are administered in areas where onchocerciasis is co-endemic; diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and albendazole (ALB) are administered in areas where onchocerciasis is not co-endemic. Results of a pilot study in Papua New Guinea suggest that triple drug therapy (ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole) is superior to the currently recommended two-drug regimen (DEC+ALB, DA). A single dose of the triple therapy (IVM+DEC+ALB, IDA) rapidly achieved complete clearance of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae from the blood of 12 individuals for at least one year post-treatment. All six individuals tested at 24 months were still amicrofilaremic, suggesting that the triple therapy might permanently sterilizes adult filarial worms. Many people treated in these studies experienced transient systemic adverse events commonly associated with diethylcarbamazine or ivermectin treatment of filariasis. Adverse events were more frequent after the triple therapy than after the usual combination of two drugs. However, no serious adverse events were observed. The dramatic reduction and sustained decrease of microfilaria along with the safety profile seen in the Papua New Guinea studies suggest that the triple drug therapy may be a useful tool to achieve the goal of eliminating lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem by 2020. Although the study cited above has clearly demonstrated the superiority of the triple therapy for clearing W. bancrofti microfilaria from the blood, more safety and efficacy data are needed before triple therapy can be rolled out on a large scale as a mass drug administration regimen in lymphatic filariasis endemic countries. WHO recommends a best practice called "cohort event monitoring" for demonstrating safety of new drug regimens for public health program use. Establishing safety through such methodology requires pre and post treatment assessment from at least 10,000 people treated with the triple therapy across multiple settings. It is therefore proposed to conduct a cohort event monitoring study to acquire safety data. Efficacy and acceptability components will also be included in the study. Similar studies will be conducted simultaneously in Haiti, India, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka to reach the 10,000 people necessary to assess the safety of this new drug combination. This will be an open label, two-armed study. The two arms are (1) mass drug administration (MDA) with the currently used combination of two-drug regimen (DA) and (2) MDA with triple drug therapy (IDA).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Washington University School of Medicine.