This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder
Treatment bortezomib
Phase phase 2
Target proteasome
Sponsor Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
Start date December 2015
End date October 2017
Trial size 5 participants
Trial identifier NCT02893111, IRB2016-YX-021


Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) is characterized by the pathogenic anti-AQP4 antibody, which can be produced by specific plasma cells. The patients who are not responsive to rituximab treatment may be due to the presence of short-lived and long-lived plasma cells. Previous studies confirmed that the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade®, approved for therapy of multiple myeloma) eliminated both plasmablasts and plasma cells by activation of the terminal unfolded protein response. Treatment with bortezomib may help deplete plasma cells producing auto-antibodies. Therefore, the rationale for using bortezomib in NMOSD is in that bortezomib may help eliminate autoreactive plasma cells and reduce anti-AQP4 antibodies titers. It is noted that bortezomib may protect astrocytes from NFκB-dependent inflammatory damage in early events in NMOSD pathogenesis.

The purpose of this study is to determine if the drug bortezomib contributes to reduce the average relapsing rates (ARRs) and alleviate neurological disability in NMOSD patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
A proteasome inhibitor
bortezomib Velcade
Bortezomib will be subcutaneously applicated in 4 treatment cycles with 4 injections of 1 mg Bortezomib /m2 body surface per cycle

Primary Outcomes

Annual relapse rate (ARR) of NMOSD Attacks
time frame: Baseline, after 12 months of initial treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Number of Participants with Adverse Events
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
Change in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDDS) Score
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
Timed 25-foot Walk
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
Number of Subjects With Change in Visual Acuity in at Least One Eye by at Least One Point
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
MRI brain and spine
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL)
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
time frame: Baseline, 12 months
Immunological assessments
time frame: Baseline, 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age ≥18 years - Diagnosis of NMOSD, as defined by 2015 criteria OR NMOSD seropositive spectrum disorder (Recurrent ON or longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM)). All patients must be NMO-IgG seropositive. - Clinical evidence of at least 2 relapses in last 6 months or 3 relapses in the last 12 months (with at least 1 relapse occurring in the preceding 6 months) - The B cell count must be normal (5-20% of total lymphocytes) in subjects before administration of bortezomib - Provision of written informed consent to participate in the study - Corrected visual acuity 20/100 or better in at least one eye; otherwise, last attack was myelitis and only attacks of myelitis are outcomes - Ambulatory (with or without walker); otherwise, last attack was optic neuritis and only attacks of optic neuritis are outcomes Exclusion Criteria: - Current evidence or known history of clinically significant infection (HSV, VZV, CMV, EBV, HIV, Hepatitis viruses, Syphilis, etc) - Pregnant, breastfeeding, or child-bearing potential during the course of the study - Patients will not participate in any other clinical therapeutic study or will not have participated in any other experimental treatment study within 30 days of screening - Patients with a history of splenectomy, because of a potential increased risk of developing meningococcal infection - Participation in another interventional trial within the last 3 months - Pre-existent sensory or motor polyneuropathy ≥ degree 2 (NCI CTC AE criteria), within 14 days before screening - Heart or kidney insufficiency - Tumor disease currently or within last 5 years - Clinically relevant liver, kidney or bone marrow function disorder

Additional Information

Official title Single-center, Open Label Trial of Bortezomib as add-on Treatment in Relapsing Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder
Description It has been shown in some scientific studies that the the antibody marker specific for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), known as AQP4-IgG, causes inflammation in brain tissues by activating NF-κB pathway. Bortezomib has already been shown to be effective in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The overall objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of bortezomib as add-on therapy to oral steroids,azathioprine or others for treatment of relapsing NMOSD, which have not reduced average relapsing rate (ARR) effectively. The primary (most important) objectives of this study are to determine: Whether bortezomib reduces relapse frequency in patients with relapsing NMO. The number of attacks during the one year treatment period will be compared to the number of attacks that occurred prior to initiation of bortezomib treatment. The secondary objectives are to determine: The safety profile of bortezomib in patients with NMO. Whether bortezomib maintains or improves walking, visual function and quality of life as measured by a variety of established disability scales. We will also assess the severity of an individual attack and the degree of recovery. Depending on our preliminary investigations we may evaluate patient cerebrospinal fluid in the laboratory to see how effective eculizumab is at getting into the cerebrospinal fluid from the blood stream, and to see if the drug reverses the biological effects of the NMO-IgG antibody.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Tianjin Medical University General Hospital.