Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition saliva altered
Treatments low level laser therapy, placebo, control
Sponsor Universidade do Vale do Paraíba
Start date January 2014
End date August 2016
Trial size 30 participants
Trial identifier NCT02881827, UNIVAP - Masulo 001

Summary

The purpose of this study is to obtain experimental data on the possible changes that saliva may suffer when brought to low-level laser therapy protocols for analgesia in the masseter muscle, because this be on the Parotid salivary gland.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Using a laser in the infrared wave spectrum (780 nm)
low level laser therapy
Supported by the physical phenomenon of stimulated emission postulated by Albert Einstein in 1916 the laser (light amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) is a device consisting of solid source materials, liquid or gas that produces beams of light when excited by a source of energy. This bright feature is a particular type of electromagnetic radiation, which differs from that emitted by conventional incandescent sources. These are the effects attributable to LLLT analgesic, anti-inflammatory and biostimulates and has been widely used due to low power densities and wavelengths with a penetration capacity in tissues without the generation of photothermal effects, which makes its feasible use multiple applications in Health area.
(Active Comparator)
Using laser red wave spectrum (662 nm)
low level laser therapy
Supported by the physical phenomenon of stimulated emission postulated by Albert Einstein in 1916 the laser (light amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) is a device consisting of solid source materials, liquid or gas that produces beams of light when excited by a source of energy. This bright feature is a particular type of electromagnetic radiation, which differs from that emitted by conventional incandescent sources. These are the effects attributable to LLLT analgesic, anti-inflammatory and biostimulates and has been widely used due to low power densities and wavelengths with a penetration capacity in tissues without the generation of photothermal effects, which makes its feasible use multiple applications in Health area.
(Placebo Comparator)
Simulation of treatment with the device switched off
placebo
Simulation of treatment with the device switched off
(Active Comparator)
A scientific control group allows the experimental study of a variable at a time, and is a vital part of the scientific method. In a controlled experiment, two identical experiments are conducted. In one, the treatment - tested factor - is applied. In another - control - the tested factor is not applied For example, when testing a drug, it is important to carefully check the suspected drug effects are produced by the drug. Doctors can it with a double-blind study in a clinical trial: two ( statistically ) identical groups of patients are compared, one gets the drug and the other receives a placebo. Neither subjects nor investigators know which group receives the actual drug , which serves to prevent bias and isolating effects of such drugs.
control
A scientific control group allows the experimental study of a variable at a time, and is a vital part of the scientific method. In a controlled experiment, two identical experiments are conducted. In one, the treatment - tested factor - is applied. In another - control - the tested factor is not applied. For example, when testing a drug, it is important to carefully check the suspected drug effects are produced by the drug. Doctors can it with a double-blind study in a clinical trial: two (statistically) identical groups of patients are compared, one gets the drug and the other receives a placebo. Neither subjects nor investigators know which group receives the actual drug, which serves to prevent bias and isolating effects of such drugs.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Increased salivary flow
time frame: 24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Improvement of the salivary pH
time frame: 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants from 18 years up to 30 years old.

Inclusion criteria : - Have all dental organs - Male volunteers - Age between 18 and 30 years - Body mass index between 18.5 and 25 (normal) . Exclusion Criteria: Presence of problems that compromise the physiological activity of the masticatory system - Neurological disorders - Cerebral Palsy parafunctions : - Sucking fingers - Nail biting - Nibble objects - Bruxism - Mouth breathing . Use of medication : - Antihistamines - Benzodiazepines - Depressants of the central nervous system. Temporomandibular dysfunction: - Clenching of the teeth - Bruxism - Use of partial or full dentures .

Additional Information

Official title Biochemistry and Volumetric Analysis of Biofluid Salivary, Correlating the Flow, pH and Buffer Capacity With and Without Stimulation of the Masseter Muscle, Before and After Low-level Laser Irradiation
Description Climate: The study will be conduced by Lasertherapy and Photobiology Center (CELAFO) at the Institute of Research and Development at the University of Vale do Paraíba (UNIVAP), which was air-conditioned with temperature at 22 ° C. Volunteers: 30 male volunteers aged between 18 and 30 years. Flow Analysis Salivary pH and saliva buffer capacity before LLLT and after LLLT: Two consecutive samples of whole saliva were obtained from each second volunteer. The first, unstimulated total saliva (UTS) and the second of stimulated total saliva (STS). Obtaining mechanically given by chewing a paraffin 5cm² fragment. The gathering was held in the afternoon and with the patient in breakfast for at least one hour. All the volunteers were instructed not to brush teeth or use mouthwash for one hour prior to saliva collection of the experiment. The samples were collected UTS and STS requesting voluntary saliva deposited directly into a sterile universal collector. Salivary samples were compared by the universal table salivary flow described by Saliva samples were centrifuged at 1200 rpm for 10 minutes. All saliva volume produced during the 5-minute period was measured using test tubes recorded in milliliters. The pH was measured by a pH meter device. To test the buffer capacity, the saliva (3 mL) was placed in a Falcon tube containing 9 mL of 0,005 normal hydrochloric acid, subjected to manual shaking for 10 seconds, then maintained at rest for 10 minutes with open Falcon tube, aiming evaporation gases such as carbon dioxide which could interfere with the analysis. After 10 minutes the pH was measured with litmus tape aid compared with the color scale provided by the manufacturer. Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT): The investigators used the LLLT after the first collection of saliva, control therapies were applied, placebo LLLT red and LLLT in the infrared.The treatment was applied with an interval of 7 days in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, by drawing lots. Irradiation of LLLT was conducted in eight (8) points on the skin in the masseter region. The distance between points was 1cm. To know exactly the location of points, transparency sheets were used (irradiation feedback) and reference points of each volunteer, as follows: point 1 commissure eyelid, point 2 in the tragus of the ear and point 3 on the labial commissure.The anticipated period of 15 minutes to occur the desired effects of LLLT was performed new material collection. Data Analysis: The salivary flow data, pH and buffering capacity of saliva was analyzed using a analysis program statistics with the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test. The significance level was 5% (p <0.05)
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Universidade do Vale do Paraíba.