This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition cervical spine fracture
Treatments partial cervical lamina excision group, pipeline-dredge discharge group, digital navigation group
Sponsor Nantong University
Start date September 2013
End date December 2016
Trial size 76 participants
Trial identifier NCT02880839, NantongU_001


To compare the internal fixation results of three pedicle screw implantation methods and investigated the accuracy and safety of digital navigation-assisted pedicle screw placement.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Patients in the cervical lamina partial excision group underwent partial cervical lamina excision and cervical pedicle screw internal fixation.
partial cervical lamina excision group
Patients with cervical fracture were assigned to undergo partial cervical lamina excision and cervical pedicle screw internal fixation.
Patients in the pipeline-dredge discharge group underwent pipeline-dredge discharge and cervical pedicle screw internal fixation.
pipeline-dredge discharge group
Patients with cervical fracture were assigned to undergo pipeline-dredge discharge and cervical pedicle screw internal fixation.
Patients in the digital navigation group underwent digital navigation-assisted cervical pedicle placement.
digital navigation group Digital navigation system
Patients with cervical fracture were assigned to undergo digital navigation assisted cervical pedicle screw placement.

Primary Outcomes

the penetration degree of the cervical pedicle screws
time frame: 12 months after internal fixation

Secondary Outcomes

bony fusion rate of the atlantoaxial joint
time frame: 12 and 36 months after internal fixation
Visual analogue scale spine score
time frame: prior to and 12 and 36 months after internal fixation
American Spinal Injury Association Classification
time frame: prior to and 12 and 36 months after internal fixation
incidence of adverse events
time frame: 12 and 36 months after internal fixation

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Fracture of the posterior column of the cervical spine or fracture of the anterior-posterior column of the cervical spine without severe vertebral body injury - Non-traumatic cervical lamina destabilization, including metastatic tumor and rheumatoid arthritis - Kyphotic deformity after cervical lamina resection - Segmental destabilization after nerve root or spinal cord decompression - Subjected to revision after anterior cervical spine surgery - Scheduled to undergo internal fixation by cervical pedicle screw - Age approximately 62 years - Either sex - Provision of signed informed consent to participate in the trial Exclusion Criteria: - Cervical pedicle injury resulting from trauma or tumor - Severe osteoporosis - Anatomical variation of the vertebral artery - Unable or declined to proceed with internal fixation by pedicle screws

Additional Information

Official title Digital Navigation Enhances Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement Accuracy and Safety: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Principal investigator Junjie Guan, Master
Description History and current status of related studies The cervical pedicle is a tiny structure adjacent to important tissues including the spinal cord and vertebral artery. Cervical pedicle screw internal fixation is the conventional treatment for cervical spine fracture, and the technique provides acceptable internal fixation; however, current manipulation methods result in high pedicle screw penetration rates, a high risk of damage to peripheral vessels and nerves, and high rates of postoperative deformity. Improved techniques and minimally invasive methods such as transcutaneous pedicle screw implantation have been designed to effectively reduce surgery-related injury while maintaining the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw implantation. Unfortunately, there is no unified standard regarding implantation of cervical pedicle screws, and many pedicle screw implantation methods are used including partial cervical lamina excision and pipeline-dredge discharge. However, both of these techniques are clinically limited because of poor maneuverability. Digital navigation is an emerging technique based on the discrete-accumulation principle. The technique integrates computer methods, numerical control, laser and new materials, and provides a new digital technique for confirming the location and orientation of cervical pedicle screws, ensuring safe surgical operation. Features different from other related studies Previous studies focused primarily on investigating the curative effects of pedicle screw implantation in cervical spine fracture. To the best of the investigators knowledge, there are no studies of cervical spine fracture treatment by digital navigation-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement before June 2006 in Web of Science. The investigators located two similar articles (Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Surgical Trial (identifier: NCT02076113) and Slotted Hole Versus Fixed Hole C-Tek (identifier: NCT00585923)) in a search of ClinicalTrials.gov up to June 2006. The outcome measures in these two studies included bony fusion Short Form 36 and the physical component score. In contrast to these two studies regarding inclusion criteria and grouping, the investigators study was designed to investigate the accuracy and safety of digital navigation-assisted cervical pedicle screw placement, hoping to provide valuable quantitative evidence for the clinical application of this technique. Adverse events Possible adverse events included any expected or unexpected symptoms. If severe adverse events occurred, their details including the date of occurrence and measures taken to treat the adverse events were reported to the principal investigator and the institutional review board within 24 hours. Data collection, management, analysis and open access Data collection: Case report forms with demographic data, disease diagnosis, accompanying diseases, drug allergy history, and adverse events were collected, processed using Epidata software (Epidata Association, Odense, Denmark), collated, and then recorded electronically by data managers using a double-data entry strategy. Data management: The locked electronic database was accessible and locked only by the project manager, and was not altered. Paper and electronic data regarding screening, informed consent, and clinical outcomes have been preserved at the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, China. Data analysis: The electronic database was statistically analyzed by a professional statistician who created an outcome analysis report that was submitted to the lead researchers. An independent data monitoring committee supervised and managed the trial data, ensuring a scientific and stringent trial to yield accurate and complete data. Data open access: Anonymized trial data was published at http://www.figshare.com. Statistical analysis Statistical analysis was performed by a statistician using SPSS 19.0 software (SPSS Inc.) and followed the intention-to-treat principle. Normally distributed measurement data was expressed as mean, standard deviation, and minimums and maximums. Non-normally distributed measurement data were expressed as lower quartile (q1), and median and upper quartile (q3). The Kruskal-Wallis H-test was used to compare the visual analogue scale spine scores among the three groups, and Fisher's exact test was used to compare the degree of bony fusion of the atlantoaxial joint and the incidence of adverse reactions. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Nantong University.