Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Utility of a Biomarker to Assess the Membrane Efficiency in Improving Oxygenation
This trial has been completed.
|Condition||extra corporel membrane oxygenation and mciroparticles|
|Sponsor||Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille|
|Start date||January 2013|
|End date||January 2016|
|Trial size||20 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02879344, 2012-17, 2012-A00677-36|
ECMO (extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation) is a blood oxygenation technical and purification of carbon dioxide by means of an extracorporeal circulation using a pump (identical to those used in cardiac surgery) and a membrane permitting gas exchange. This technique is used for almost 40 years in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) but benefited from many technology improvements over the past 10 years.
The circuit is now fully pre-heparin, not imposing obtaining activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) high. Centrifugal pumps limit the risk of intravascular hemolysis. The multi-perforated drainage cannula in place in femoral vein or jugular no longer need to maintain hypervolaemia to ensure sufficient flow.
The membrane ensuring gas exchange is now polymethylpentene. This hollow fiber system ensures the gas exchange.
In light of recent technical improvements, manufacturers indicate that the membranes can be used for 3 weeks. However, after a few days of use, fibrinoplaquettaires microthrombi form at the ECMO circuit, up from cannulas up to the oxygenator, decreasing membrane efficiency and imposing more early changes of the circuit. This hypercoagulable state was revealed through the study of classical plasma markers of coagulation. There is not so far from reliable predictive marker of thrombus formation, indicating a need to change the circuit.
The production of microparticles (MPs) is a characteristic of cells subjected to an activation or apoptosis. MPs are membrane Smaller fragments released into the extracellular milieu after rupture of the asymmetry of the distribution of membrane phospholipids and characterized by the presence of phosphatidylserine (PhtdSer) on their surface, as well as various antigens expressed by their cells of origin. The PhtdSer is a pro-coagulating surface on which are going to assemble the enzymes responsible for the formation of thrombin and increases proportionally the TF activity ultimately leading to fibrin polymerization in the vessels.
The vesiculation phenomenon exists in healthy subjects. In human pathology, many examples emphasize the fundamental role of MP in clotting or thrombosis. The PM generating fault is associated with bleeding disorders (Scott syndrome, dysvésiculation syndrome). Conversely, high circulating levels of MP are found in many thrombotic diseases (myocardial infarction, diabetes, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, preeclampsia ...). Platelet and intense monocyte endothelial activation, observed in sepsis and severe trauma, is accompanied by the generation of procoagulant MP carriers of tissue factor (TF). These MP diffuse into the vascular compartment pathogenic potential may exacerbate inflammatory and thrombotic responses and play a leading role in triggering the DIC.
More recently, various studies have shown that the microparticles are not only activation markers or injury, but also cellular elements having a true pathogenic role. Because they contain or express on their surface various biological effector (adhesion molecules, tissue factor, inflammatory mediators or apoptogenic, growth factor ...) the microparticles are able to interact with their environment and modulate cellular very different way the properties of target cells. And platelet or leukocyte microparticles could actively participate in the thrombotic process by increasing adhesion of monocytes and endothelial cells, or by inducing endothelial procoagulant response.
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Assesement of microparticles percentage produced in patient undergoing ECMO
time frame: 21 days
All participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Pateint undergoing ECMO and invasive ventilation with PaO2/FiO2 < 70 mmHg Exclusion Criteria: - BMI > 0.75 kg.cm-1 - Advanced multi-visceral failure scored with SOFA>17 for ARDS patient<7 days or SOFA > 11 for ARDS patient>7 days .
|Principal investigator||Christophe GUERVILLY, MD|
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