Multiple Fields Radiotherapy Versus Intravenous Rituximab in the Treatment of Indolent Cutaneous Lymphomas B-cell With Multiple or Recurrent Lesions
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||indolent cutaneous b cell lymphomas|
|Treatments||rituximab, multi-fields radiotherapy|
|Sponsor||CHU de Reims|
|Start date||October 2011|
|End date||July 2018|
|Trial size||36 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02867553, PN09001|
Cutaneous lymphomas are the most frequent extranodal lymphomas after digestive lymphomas. A quarter are B-cell lymphomas. 80% of cutaneous B cell lymphomas are indolent cutaneous B cell lymphomas. These indolent cutaneous B cell lymphomas are characterized by good prognosis (survival rate at 5 years: 90%), but also by the frequency of cutaneous recurrences. The radiotherapy is currently the most widely used treatment, with complete response rate close to 100% for a lesion treated. However, it has limits when there are outset multiple lesions inaccessible to a single radiotherapy field (concerning one case in three), or during recurrences. In these situations, conventional chemotherapy is not recommended and multi-field radiotherapy is often used empirically, but its effectiveness has never been studied prospectively.
Recently, retrospective studies with small numbers patients (totaling sixty patients) reported complete response rates of 80 to 100% with rituximab (anti-cluster of differentiation antigen 20 (CD20) antibodies) used as monotherapy in non-standardized treatment by intravenous with a recurrence rate of less than one case in three. These data suggest that rituximab by intravenous with a standardized initial cycle followed by a maintenance therapy could improve the prognosis of indolent cutaneous B cell lymphomas with multiple lesions or of recurrent lesions.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Disease free survival
time frame: 5 years
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - patients with histological diagnosis of indolent cutaneous B cell lymphomas - patients with multiple lesions inaccessible to a single field of radiotherapy or patients with a recurrence outside the field of first radiotherapy - patient with a lesion of at least 15 mm in major axis and a total tumor surface area greater or egal than 4 cm2 - patient with a negative staging - patient consenting to participate to the study - patient enrolled in the national healthcare insurance program - patient older than 18 years Exclusion Criteria: - contraindication for rituximab or radiotherapy - immunosuppressive therapy - immunosuppression
|Official title||Multiple Fields Radiotherapy Versus Intravenous Rituximab in the Treatment of Indolent Cutaneous Lymphomas B-cell With Multiple or Recurrent Lesions|
|Description||Compare the efficacy and safety of two treatment strategies for indolent cutaneous B cell lymphomas with multiple or recurrent lesions: Rituximab by intravenous versus multi-field radiotherapy.|
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