This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions sleep, emotion
Treatments no intervention- base line, acute, chronic
Sponsor Assuta Medical Center
Start date June 2016
End date October 2016
Trial size 20 participants
Trial identifier NCT02839395, 0005-16-ASMC


The human eye has a dual role, which is reflected by the various photo-receptors used for vision of images and colors ,Image forming photoreceptors (IFP) and for entrainment of our "Biological clock" located in the hypothalamus through the retinal ganglions known as non-image forming photoreceptors (NIFP). The recently discovered new photo-pigment melanopsin which is sensitive to short wavelength (SWL) illumination exists in the-NIFP. The axons of the NIFP form a special nerve known as the Retino-hypothalamic-tract (RHT) that transfers the SWL signal to the biological clock resulting in suppression of pineal melatonin (MLT) production. This is the basic mechanism by which environmental light/dark cycles entrain the biological clock and transfer the message to organs, tissues and cell.

The American Medical Association (AMA) issued a resolution in 2012 stating that light at night constitutes environmental pollution because it violates the daily cycles, including the waking and sleeping cycles, and suppresses the secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland at night. Results of other studies have shown that exposure to artificial light at night (ALAN) and mainly those emerging from SWL sources suppresses MLT-produced in the pineal gland. Computers, tablets, TVs, and smart-phones screens emit SWL illumination, during the day and night hours, whether as active or passive users. The results of previous studies show that, exposure to SWL-ALAN illumination suppresses MLT-secretion and disrupts sleep patterns. In order to understand better the effect of SWL-exposure emerging from screens on human behavior and health, the investigators will study the effects of SWL-exposure on the structure and quality of sleep, cognitive functioning in Continous Performance Test (CPT III), emotional state, and physiological, variables (melatonin secretion levels and body temperature) that were not tested in previous studies.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose basic science
(Active Comparator)
First night is the base line- no exposure to computer screen illumination.
no intervention- base line
the subject will sited in a dim light room. No screen light illumination.
Second night is the acute exposure to computer screen illumination.
The subject will be sited in front of computer screen light illumination for 2 hours.
Chronic is the effect after five nights of exposure to computer screen light illumination.
The subject will be sited in front of computer screen light illumination for 2 hours for 5 consecutive days.

Primary Outcomes

body temperature
time frame: 12 hours
Melatonin secretion
time frame: 12 hours
time frame: 1 day
BSI Questionnaire
time frame: 1 day
Subjective sleepiness
time frame: 1 day
time frame: 1 hour
total Sleep time
time frame: 1 night
Sleep efficiency
time frame: 1 night
sleep latency to sleep stage1
time frame: 1 night
sleep latency to sleep stage2
time frame: 1 night
wake %TIB
time frame: 1 night
time frame: 1 night
time frame: 1 night
time frame: 1 night
time frame: 1 night

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 45 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - age 20-45, - healthy - No history of visual disturbances - No history of sleep disorders Exclusion Criteria: - score more then 5 in the Pittsburgh Questionnaire (PSQI). - Subjects with a-typicality deviation in the HORNE - OSTBERG sleep-wakefulness cycle questionnaire. - One of the Eye problems: field of vision, color blindness, or impaired functioning of the pupil in reaction to light. - Subjects who did shiftwork three months before the experiment - Subjects that taking sleeping medications in general and melatonin in particular

Additional Information

Official title The Effects of Acute vs. Chronic of Screen Illumination on: Sleep Efficacy and Architecture, Physiology, Emotion and Behavior: Possible Effect on Human Health
Description The investigators will examine whether there is a difference between one-time and multiple exposures to computer screen lighting (350 lux). The investigators hypothesize that multiple and continuous exposure will have a more significant detrimental effect on the quality of sleep and consequently on performance, emotional, and physiological indicators, than one-time exposure to screen light. Procedure: On the base-line, first and fifth night of the study, at the end of two hours of exposure to screen light, the subject will be connected to the sleep test system by a skilled technician. On all other nights (nights 2-4), exposure to computer light only, will be conducted and at the end of the exposure the subject will be asked to go to sleep. During the entire experimental period the subject will wear an Actigraph watch to ensure regular sleeping hours. In addition, subjects will be asked not to expose themselves to a computer/tablet/smartphone screen from 20:00 h to wake up. An Actigraph will monitor their sleep during the week of the experiment. The subject will be invited to attend the Sleep Institute at 21:00 h. The subject will be asked to enter the test room, which will be dark, and sit in front of a computer screen for two hours at a distance of about 60 cm from the screen and perform the on-screen tasks between the hours of 21:00 and 23:00 h. The tasks will include: reading and writing Microsoft Word documents, , and answering questions dealing with a document read and, solving verbal and arithmetic problems, while attempting to accomplish the task correctly and in the quickest time possible. The subject will be told that the purpose of the study is to examine the effect of the content of the tasks on the quality of sleep. During exposure, the subject will be allowed to eat and drink, but do not go to the bathroom. At the end of two hours of exposure to screen light, the subject will be connected to the sleep test system by a skilled technician. Body temperature and 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate(6-SMT) in the urine will be measured using the on-set and off-set methods three times, at 21:00, 23:00 h, and close to the falling asleep time. Three measurements will be taken after awakening. After the sleep test system is installed, the subject will be asked to go to sleep and in the morning will be woken at his/her average waking time. After the examinee has been woken and has provided a urine sample and body temperature measurement, the sleep test system will be removed and the examinees will be given 30 minutes to organize him/herself, before performing the following tasks to assess his/her degree of fatigue and sleepiness: Continous Performance Test (CPT-III), the Brief Symptoms Inevntory (BSI) emotional questionnaire, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) questionnaire.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assuta Medical Center.