Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition caries
Treatments si-r21204 resin composite, nanohybrid resin composite
Sponsor Istanbul Medipol University Hospital
Collaborator Shofu Inc.
Start date January 2016
End date January 2018
Trial size 40 participants
Trial identifier NCT02823769, 3215

Summary

Despite the advances in adhesive restorative techniques and materials, dental caries still remains a critical concern even today. In addition, recurrent caries related to microleakage is a common mode of failure of directly placed resin composite restorations. Resin composites are particularly susceptible to recurrent caries due to polymerization contraction and also imperfect adhesion of restorative to tooth tissue. Thus, strong durable bond between adhesive restoratives and tooth tissue and increasing the resistance of teeth to acid by encouraging the development of remineralization are essential to withstand secondary caries. Fluoride has been documented as a major contributing factor for the decline in the incidence of dental caries and also it has been accepted as an agent in the prevention of caries. Giomers are a new group of anhydrous resin based direct adhesive restorative materials based on the filler technology (PRG) have both advantages of glass ionomers namely, fluoride release and recharge, and resin composites with excellent optical and mechanical properties. The chemistry of Giomer materials facilitates fluoride ion release with the potential for a lower incidence of recurrent caries that was accepted as a major factor to retreat a resin restoration. Limited number of studies is available on their fluoride release, and polishability, as well as clinical survival.

The objective of this controlled clinical trial is to evaluate the clinical performance of restorative material "SI-R21204 resin composite" versus a "nano-hybrid resin com-posite" materials for Class I and Class II cavities that needs to be restored in per-manent teeth.40 patients are recruited to the project which is carried out at the School of dentistry, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Fillings made with a new dental filling material
si-r21204 resin composite
Primary caries of posterior teeth will be restored using SI-R21204 resin composite. Procedures will be done under local anesthesia if necessary. The preperation and restoration of the tooth will be done according to to the guidelines for ordinary restorative techniques.
(Active Comparator)
Fillings made with nanohybrid resin composite (Clearfil Majesty)
nanohybrid resin composite
One of the cavities will be restored with a nanohybrid resin composite (Clearfil Majesty) as a control restoration wth ordinary restorative techniques.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
FDI (World Dental Federation) criteria for dental restorations assesment
time frame: 3 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Plaque accumulation according to the Silness & Löe (1964) Plaque Index
time frame: 3 years
Gingival Inflammation according to the Silness & Löe (1964) Gingival Index.
time frame: 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Primary caries removal - Class I & II restorations - No obvious untreated caries, dental health problems (regularly checked by a dentist) - Good or moderate oral hygiene (plaque score of less than 30% in anterior region before treatment) - No untreated periodontal disease (only DPSI 1, 2) - Subjects had to present no active carious lesions - Subjects had to be over the age of 18, be classified according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) as ASA I or ASA II, present with good oral hy-giene, and be free of periodontal disease (probing depth and attachment levels within normal limits, no furcation involvement, and no mobility) - Subjects had to agree to keep the scheduled recall appointments for data collec-tion and maintenance and plan to stay in the area for at least 3 years. Exclusion Criteria: - Composite or amalgam removal - Caries extends cemento-enamel junction in Class II. - Considerable horizontal and/or vertical mobility of teeth: tooth mobility index score 2 or 3 - Considerable periodontal disease without treatment (DPSI 3-, 3+ and 4) - Endodontic treatment with extensive loss of tooth tissue - Patients who still want to bleach their teeth or bleached teeth less than 3 weeks ago - Excluding the teeth, with opposing natural dentition (either intact or restored with intracoronal or extracoronal fixed restorations), and with a minimum of 20 teeth - Subjects who presented with severe wear facets and/or reported parafunctional activities such as clenching or nocturnal bruxism - Subjects who were restored with a removable partial dental prosthesis (RPDP), unless the RPDP replaced the tooth that was planned to be restored in the study - Subjects who were pregnant pregnant during the duration of the study - Subjects who are known to be allergic to the ingredients of resin materials

Additional Information

Official title Clinical Evaluation of Restoration Made of SI-R21204 Resin Composite Based on S-PRG Filler Technology Versus Nano-hybrid Resin Composite: A Prospective Controlled Clinical Trial up to 3 Years
Principal investigator Emir Yuzbasioglu, DDS,PhD
Description The objective of this controlled clinical trial is to evaluate the clinical performance of restorative material "SI-R21204 resin composite" versus a "nano-hybrid resin com-posite" materials for Class I and Class II cavities that needs to be restored in per-manent teeth. Giomers are a new group of anhydrous resin based direct adhesive restorative materials based on the filler technology (PRG) to form a stable phase of glass ionomer in the restorative. These materials have both advantages of glass ionomers namely, fluoride release and recharge, and resin composites with excellent optical and mechanical properties. PRG fillers are fabricated by acid-base reaction of glass particles and polyacrylic acid in the presence of water and forms wet silicous hydrogel. S-PRG filler particles exhibit a three-layer structure where the glass core is enveloped by a stable glass-ionomer hydrogel. This hydrogel is surrounded by the "reforming phase," which provides structural protection for the hydrogel. These materials with S-PRG technology therefore, differ from polyacid modified composite resins because the glass ionomer hydrogel forms only after water uptake by the compomer resin matrix after polymerization. The chemistry of Giomer materials facilitates fluoride ion release with the potential for a lower incidence of recurrent caries that was accepted as a major factor to retreat a resin restoration. Limited number of studies is available on their fluoride release, and polishability, as well as clinical survival. The study will be carried out as a prospective study, with assessment of the restorationsafter three year. The project includes 40 patients. Most of the patients have been recruited from the Istanbul Medipol University Dental Clinics in Istanbul. After giving their consent to take part in the study Class I & II restorations of both upper and lower molars and premolars are performed.The treatment procedure is: The patients are offered local anesthetic before treatment start. The cavity is excavated and filled according to the guidelines for composite restorations. The control procedure is: The restoration is evaluated according to marginal adaptation, cavo surface marginal discoloration, approximal contact, fractures, caries associated with restorations and postoperative hypersensitivity. The controls will take place after two weeks, one year, two years and three years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Istanbul Medipol University Hospital.