This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition carriage or infection with beta-lactam resistance in enterobacteriaceae
Treatment microbiological study
Sponsor CHU de Reims
Start date January 2012
End date December 2012
Trial size 315 participants
Trial identifier NCT02803710, PR11006


Upon penicillins' introduction, inactivation of beta- lactam antibiotics by enzymes produced by bacteria was demonstrated. Until recently, carbapenems were a relatively spared subclass by these enzymes which makes the molecules of last resort in serious infection. Recently the prevalence of enzymes hydrolysing carbapenem, the carbapenemases, was increasing in some countries. But these carbapenemases are not the only mechanism involved in a decreased susceptibility to carbapenems which is sometimes linked to the conjunction of several resistance mechanisms. Data available on the epidemic situation of this new resistance are essential for improving their detection, the management of infections in patients and prevent the occurrence of epidemic. In this context, the investigators propose a study in the North-East inter-region to estimate the prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae with decrease susceptibility to carbapenems and look for risk factors for infection with this type of bacteria. The study is conducted in five teaching hospitals (Besançon, Dijon, Nancy, Reims and Strasbourg) and two general hospitals (Colmar and Troyes) in North-Eastern France. For one year, all the Enterobacteriaceae isolates with a decreased susceptibility to carbapenems (CDSE) according to the 2012 Antibiogram Comity of the French Microbiology Society (CA-SFM) (MIC of ertapenem > 0.5 μg/mL) are collected and sent to the bacteriology laboratory of the Reims University Hospital. Among these strains 105 are randomly selected. The clinical study is conducted as follow: for each patient with CDSE isolate included in a center, 2 control patients are selected. They are the patients having the 2 Enterobacteriaceae isolates, with no reduced susceptibility to carbapenems and following the CDSE isolate in the same center.

Microbiological study : identification of isolates is performed using MALDI-TOF (Bruker Daltonics, Bremen, Germany). Antibiotic susceptibilities is determined by the disc diffusion method according to European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) guidelines (www.EUCAST.org) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBLs) are detected by the double-disc synergy test and carbapenem minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs to Imipenem, Ertapenem, Doripenem and Meropenem) determined using E-test® strips. Metallo-β-lactamase production was screened with the MβL Etest (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France). Beta-lactamases detected using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Carbapenemase-encoding genes (blaKPC, blaVIM, blaIMP, blaNDM, blaOXA-23-like, blaOXA-24-like, blaOXA-58-like and blaOXA-48-like) were screened using multiplex PCRs and blaIMI and blaGES with simplex PCRs. All the blaOXA-48-like detected were subsequently sequenced. Genes blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M and blaOXA were detected by PCR using specific primers. Plasmid-mediated AmpC-type genes blaACC, blaFOX, blaMOX, blaDHA, blaCMY and blaMIR were screened using multiplex PCRs. All the beta-lactamases are sequenced. Mutations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) are identified by PCR and sequencing in the gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE genes. Qnr and qepA genes are detected by real-time PCR, aac(6')-Ib-cr by pyrosequencing and oqxAB by conventional PCR. Genotyping is performed with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST).

Statistical analysis : qualitative variables are analysed with the Chi2 test and the two-tailed Fisher exact test. Quantitative variables are compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Then, a multivariate analysis is conducted: logistic regression with stepwise factors as explanatory variables with p <0.20 in the univariate analysis as input threshold and output set at 0.20.The results are considered statistically significant when P < 0.05.

Expected results : this study will give the proportion of the different species involved, of the carbapenemase in comparison to the other mechanisms, the level of resistance in MIC. Risk factors such as previous antibiotic treatment, underlying disease severity or clonal strain transmission will be evidenced, allowing to identify prevention control measure to implement.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control
patients with decreased susceptibility to carbapenems Enterobacteriaceae isolate
microbiological study
patients with Enterobacteriaceae isolate without decreased susceptibility to carbapenems
microbiological study

Primary Outcomes

Antibiotic susceptibilities by the disc diffusion method
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Cases: patients (infected or colonized) with an Enterobacteriaceae isolate with decreased susceptibility to carbapenems - Controls: patients (infected or colonized) with an Enterobacteriaceae isolate not having reduced susceptibility to carbapenems and for which the strain was isolated following an Enterobacteriaceae isolate with decreased susceptibility to carbapenems (2 controls per case). Exclusion Criteria: - <18yo

Additional Information

Official title Prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae With Decreased Susceptibility to Carbapenems in Eastern Inter- Region
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by CHU de Reims.