Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition congenital heart disease
Treatments cardiovascular magnetic resonance imagine (mri), cardiopulmonary exercise testing (cpet), echocardiography
Sponsor National Heart Centre Singapore
Start date January 2013
End date October 2016
Trial size 54 participants
Trial identifier NCT02791061, 2012/856/C

Summary

The primary aims of this study are to 1. Develop an automated method of quantitation of RV remodeling in terms of regional RV surface curvature and area strain and assess the feasibility, repeatability and accuracy in normal subjects and patients with repaired TOF, patients with PS

The secondary study aims of this study are to

1. Compare the differences of RV remodeling in repaired TOF patients, PS patients with sex and age-matched controls 2, Assess the relationship of our proposed parameters to global RV function and exercise capacity in repaired TOF patients and PS patient

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Healthy Volunteers will undergo the following studying procedures: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imagine (MRI) Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) Echocardiography
cardiovascular magnetic resonance imagine (mri)
MRI uses interaction of the magnetic properties of body tissues with strong magnetic fields to create images.
cardiopulmonary exercise testing (cpet)
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is non-invasive simultaneous measurement of the cardiovascular and respiratory system during exercise to assess a patient's exercise capacity.
echocardiography
To measure heart chamber size, heart function, blood vessel size and blood vessel function. These measurements will help us understand the type and severity of heart failure.
Patients will undergo the following studying procedures: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imagine (MRI) Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) Echocardiography
cardiovascular magnetic resonance imagine (mri)
MRI uses interaction of the magnetic properties of body tissues with strong magnetic fields to create images.
cardiopulmonary exercise testing (cpet)
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is non-invasive simultaneous measurement of the cardiovascular and respiratory system during exercise to assess a patient's exercise capacity.
echocardiography
To measure heart chamber size, heart function, blood vessel size and blood vessel function. These measurements will help us understand the type and severity of heart failure.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
First occurrence of cardiovascular event
time frame: 1 Year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 13 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Survivors of TOF repair more than one year after repair without pulmonary stenosis (Doppler gradient more than 30mmHg) OR 2. Patients with moderate or severe pulmonary stenosis (Echo Doppler gradient more than 30mmHg) 3. Patients without prior Pulmonary Valve Replacement (PVR) 4. Written informed Consent obtained 5. Aged 13 to 80 years old Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age less than 13 2. Contraindication to MRI Examination - Cardiac Pacemaker - Brain Aneurysm OR clips - Electronic implants OR prosthesis - Eye metal foreign body injury - Severe claustrophobia - Known severe impairment, glomerular filtration rate GFR less than 30 ml/min/BSA 3. Non Cardiac illness with life expectancy of less than 2 years 4. Previous heart kidney liver or lung transplantation Pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title Segmentation, Structural Reconstruction and Quantification of Right Ventricular Remodeling in Congenital Heart Disease for Clinical Decision-making and Treatment Planning.
Principal investigator Ru San Tan, MBBS
Description Right ventricular (RV) function is increasingly recognized to play an important role in the clinical status and long-term outcome in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) as well as ischemic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, quantitation of RV characteristics and function, in particular for regional RV characteristics and function, are still challenging due to its complex morphology and its thin wall with coarse trabeculations. The remarkable improvement in survival of CHD patients has led to a continuously growing number of grown-up CHD. In addition, some defects (e.g., Ebstein's anomaly) may be diagnosed for the first time in adult. Majority of these CHD patients face a lifetime of problems including RV dilation, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Therefore, accurate depictions of the RV remodeling process facilitate disease would aid in surveillance and monitoring of therapeutic efficacy. CHD patients, even after corrective surgery, need lifetime surveillance and yearly clinical evaluation. Currently, clinical evaluation includes ECG and pulse oximetries alongside clinical examination. Investigation of anatomy and physiology of RV are changing from invasive studies (right heart catheterization) to noninvasive imaging techniques including: echocardiography, nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. In short, echocardiography is largely operator dependent and suffers from poor inter-study reproducibility. The complex geometry of the RV makes it difficult to accurately quantify its remodeling before and after intervention. Nuclear scintigraphy and computed tomography are constrained by the need for ionizing radiation as well as the poor temporal resolution of the technique. CMR has been considered the golden reference technique for RV volume and ejection fraction. From current state-of-the-art in CMR, generation of RV volume and ejection fraction, global measures of RV remodeling, requires extensive manual contouring. Most important, there is lacking of regional RV remodeling measures.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Heart Centre Singapore.