Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions morbidly adherent placenta, placenta accreta, placenta increta, placenta percreta
Treatment women at high risk of map
Sponsor University Hospital, Angers
Collaborator Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Start date November 2013
End date November 2015
Trial size 63 participants
Trial identifier NCT02784886, DC-2011-1467

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether, in a high risk population (placenta praevia and previous caesarean or prenatal suspicion of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP)), the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma is significantly increased in the subgroup of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) cases , in order to determine if the dosage of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma may be a useful biological tool to detect MAP, alone or in addition to the imagery findings (ultrasonography and RMI).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Sensitivity of the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Specificity of the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Positive predictive value of concentration of cell-free fetal DNA
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Negative predictive value of the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative (NPV) of the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA in association with clinical criteria ( risk factors for MAP)
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative (NPV) of concentration of cell-free fetal DNA in association with imaging criteria magnetic resonance
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery
Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative (NPV) of the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA and clinical criteria in association with clinical criteria, sonographic criteria and with magnetic resonance imaging criteria
time frame: from 24 weeks gestation to delivery

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Every woman: - delivering in one of the 5 maternity units that participate to a Population-based prospective observational study of pregnant women with a placenta praevia and previous cesarean or with prenatal suspicion of accreta (PACCRETA) . - With a placenta praevia and at least one previous cesarean delivery or having a prenatal suspicion of placenta accreta - aged 18 or more Exclusion Criteria: Every woman: - not understanding French. - refusing to participate in the study

Additional Information

Official title Cell-free Fetal DNA Circulating in the Maternal Plasma as a Marker for Morbidly Adherent Placenta in a High Risk Population
Description Background: Morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) is a life-threatening condition characterized by placental villi being abnormally adherent to the myometrium. Prenatal identification of MAP is essential to anticipate the risk and plan optimal delivery conditions for these women while this is associated to a maternal outcome improvement. Prenatal identification based on Doppler ultrasound and/or MRI is associated with high rates of false-positive or false-negative findings responsible for adverse effects. Some cases reports have suggested that the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma is significantly increased in a context of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP). Objective: The primary objective is to determine whether the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma is significantly increased in women with morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) compared to women with placenta praevia and previous caesarean. Secondary objectives are to determine whether cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal plasma is a useful biological tool to detect MAP, alone or in addition to the imagery findings (ultrasonography and RMI), in a high risk population (placenta praevia and previous caesarean or only prenatal suspicion of MAP). Design: Prospective observational study of pregnant women with placenta praevia and previous cesaeran or with prenatal suspicion of placenta accreta, conducted in 5 centers. Methods: We expect to include 83 women at risk of MAP in two years, of whom approximately 17 (20%) will have a MAP. Main outcome measures: The primary outcome measure is concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in maternal plasma. Conclusion: This study will be the first prospective study to include women at risk of placenta accreta and to investigate whether the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in maternal plasma is increased in MAP women and whether it is a useful biological marker to detect prenatally MAP in a high risk population.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University Hospital, Angers.