This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder
Treatments antipsychotic, antidepressant, benzodiazepine, mood stabilizer
Sponsor New York State Psychiatric Institute
Collaborator Rutgers University
Start date July 2015
End date December 2017
Trial size 25000 participants
Trial identifier NCT02775864, 7226


The study is a retrospective cohort study of adults with schizophrenia that will compare outcomes of new users of alternative psychotropic medication strategies using 10 years of Medicaid data. The primary comparative effectiveness analyses will focus on subgroups of patients with schizophrenia facing common clinical situations.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective retrospective
Individuals initiating treatment with an antipsychotic medication
New initiation of any antipsychotic medication
Individuals initiating treatment with an antidepressant medication
New initiation of any antidepressant medications
Individuals initiating treatment with a benzodiazepine
New initiation of any benzodiazepine
Individuals initiating treatment with a mood stabilizer
mood stabilizer
New initiation of lithium or any mood stabilizing anti-epileptic drug

Primary Outcomes

time frame: One year

Secondary Outcomes

Treatment discontinuation
time frame: One year
time frame: One year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 64 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - The data source will be national (45-state) Medicaid Analytic Extracts data (2001-2010). The cohort will consist of adults who are 18 to 64 years old and diagnosed with schizophrenia who initiate a new psychotropic medication after a period of stable antipsychotic treatment. - Schizophrenia will be defined as ≥2 outpatient claims or ≥1 inpatient claim for schizophrenia [ICD-9-CM: 295] during 365 days of consecutive Medicaid enrollment immediately prior to the index date. Stable antipsychotic monotherapy will be defined by filled prescriptions for only one second-generation antipsychotic, and no other psychotropics, for ≥ 90 days immediately preceding the start of the index medication (t0). After the ≥90 days of stable treatment with a single second-generation antipsychotic, study patients will have had a change in therapy defined as (1) addition of a second antipsychotic or (2) addition of a different psychotropic drug class (antidepressant, mood stabilizer, or benzodiazepine). To ensure the patients are in active treatment there must be an active supply of antipsychotic medication on t0. Exclusion Criteria: - Medicare recipients - Patients receiving clozapine

Additional Information

Official title Comparative Effectiveness of Adaptive Treatment Strategies for Schizophrenia
Description This retrospective cohort study will use data from national (45-state) Medicaid Analytic Extracts data (2001-2010). The cohort will consist of adults who are 18 to 64 years old and diagnosed with schizophrenia who initiate a new psychotropic medication after a period of stable antipsychotic treatment. The eligibility criteria select a cohort of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, have received antipsychotic monotherapy prior to the index date, and are still experiencing problems for which a new psychotropic medication strategy was initiated. A 1-year period of eligibility prior to follow-up initiation ensures sufficient time to collect service use related covariates to characterize cohort members. Five clinical subgroups will be defined based on the presence of psychiatric diagnoses during the 30 days prior to and inclusive of the treatment change under study (index date) and who have this same diagnostic code from more than one provider to increase the validity of the diagnostic groups. The subgroups will be defined by codes to capture 1) uncomplicated schizophrenia; 2) schizoaffective disorder; 3) depression; 4) mania; and 5) anxiety. These subgroups are defined to reflect the reason for the change in treatment. Pharmacological treatment options for patients with schizophrenia who are nonresponsive to antipsychotic monotherapy will include (1) initiation of a second antipsychotic, (2) initiation of an antidepressant, (3) initiation of a mood stabilizer and (4) initiation of a benzodiazepine. The primary effectiveness outcome will be time to psychiatric hospitalization. Secondary measures include time to index treatment discontinuation, time to introduction of another psychotropic medication, psychiatric emergency department visits, all-cause hospitalization, and death.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by New York State Psychiatric Institute.