Effectiveness of the Distraction Methods During Cystoscopy
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||pain, anxiety, satisfaction|
|Treatments||music group, stress ball group, dvd group|
|Sponsor||Gulhane Military Medical Academy|
|Start date||March 2016|
|End date||May 2017|
|Trial size||112 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02764294, 50687469-1491-263-16/1648-736|
Cystoscopy is a pain procedure and patients may experience anxiety and dissatisfaction before and during the procedure. Especially male patients feel more pain than females during cystoscopy. The aim of this study is to compare effectiveness of three different distraction methods on pain, anxiety and satisfaction of the male patients during cystoscopy.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Primary purpose||health services research|
time frame: "5 minutes before", "during" and "5 minutes after" cytoscopy
time frame: "5 minutes before" and "5 minutes after" cytoscopy
time frame: "during" and "5 minutes after" cytoscopy
Male participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - to be male and over 18 years old - to be first csytoscopy - to be rigid csytoscopy Exclusion Criteria: - to have a contradiction for csystoscopy (lidocaine allergies, urinary tract infection, no anatomical problems with the urethra etc.) - to be used any analgesic drug at least 24 hours prior to cystoscopy
|Official title||Effectiveness of the Distraction Methods on Pain, Anxiety and Satisfaction During Cystoscopy|
|Principal investigator||Elif Gezginci, RN,Msc,PhDs|
|Description||Cystoscopy is a reliable and effective method used commonly to investigate tumors and pathological or suspicious views related to bladder and urethra. The patients may feel pain, anxiety and dissatisfaction when cystoscope is inserted into the bladder. Thus nonpharmacological and pharmacological methods are used to decrease pain, anxiety and dissatisfaction levels of the patients during the procedure. Music is the most commonly used distraction method during cystoscopy, but there are few studies in this issue (only music) on literature. In additon, there isn't any study related to stress ball use during cystoscopy and there isn't any study which comparatives effectiveness of the multiple distraction methods to reduce pain, anxiety and dissatisfaction levels during this procedure. Therefore the investigators aimed to compare effectiveness of three different distraction methods (music, stress ball and DVD) on pain, anxiety and satisfaction of the patients during cystoscopy.|
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