Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions transition-age youth, developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy, autism, intellectual disability
Treatments project team, matched comparison
Sponsor Boston University
Collaborator Wayne State University
Start date October 2012
End date September 2016
Trial size 198 participants
Trial identifier NCT02714868, 90IF0032-01-00, H133G120091

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which Project TEAM (Teens making Environment and Activity Modifications) is an effective, socially valid, and feasible intervention that prepares youth with developmental disabilities ages 14-21 to respond to environmental barriers and increases participation in school, work, and the community. Project TEAM is a manualized intervention co- facilitated by a disability advocate and a licensed professional. The intervention includes eight group sessions and two experiential learning field trips. In addition, young adults with disabilities serve as peer mentors on field trips and contact youth weekly to support attainment of goals. Project TEAM outcomes are to: increase youths' knowledge of environmental factors and modification strategies; reduce the impact of environmental barriers on participation; increase self-efficacy and self-determination; and increase participation in a personal activity goal in the area of education, employment, or community life. This project builds on a participatory action research partnership with disability community stakeholders to address the following research questions: (1) To what extent do youth with disabilities participating in Project TEAM achieve intervention outcomes? (2) What are the characteristics of youth with disabilities who most benefit from Project TEAM? (3) To what extent are goals, procedures, and outcomes of Project TEAM important and acceptable (socially valid) to youth with disabilities?.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Project TEAM is a manualized intervention co- facilitated by a disability advocate and a licensed professional. The intervention includes eight group sessions and two experiential learning field trips. In addition, young adults with disabilities serve as peer mentors on field trips and contact youth weekly to support attainment of goals. Project TEAM outcomes are to: increase youths' knowledge of environmental factors and modification strategies; reduce the impact of environmental barriers on participation; increase self-efficacy and self-determination; and increase participation in a personal activity goal in the area of education, employment, or community life.
project team
Project TEAM is a manualized, group-based intervention designed to be co-facilitated by an experienced leader with a disability (disability advocate) and a licensed service provider (such as an occupational therapist, social worker, or educator). Project TEAM includes eight group sessions and two experiential learning field trips for each participant. Weekly phone calls with peer mentors with disabilities support achievement of each participant's personal activity goal.
(Active Comparator)
Youth with disabilities who are matched controls will receive their typical educational or therapeutic services. Youth will receive a stipend to participate in a preferred activity in the community; youth will document what they did and with whom they participated. Attempts to control for the impact of resources on participation and goal achievement.
matched comparison
Participants set goal to try a new activity in the community

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Goal Attainment Scaling (attainment at outcome and attainment at 6 week follow up)
time frame: outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up
Project TEAM Knowledge Test- change in scores between baseline and outcome, and outcome and 6 week follow up
time frame: baseline, outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up
AIR Self-Determination Scale (AIR)- change in scores between baseline and outcome, and outcome and 6 week follow up
time frame: baseline, outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up
Generalized Self Efficacy Scale (GSES)- change in scores between baseline and outcome, and outcome and 6 week follow up
time frame: baseline, outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY)- change in scores between baseline and outcome, and outcome and 6 week follow up
time frame: baseline, outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up
Readiness for advocacy- single question- change in response between baseline and outcome, and outcome and 6 week follow up
time frame: baseline, outcome (post 12 week intervention or wait period), 6 week follow up

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 14 years up to 21 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 1) A developmental disability as defined by the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (Public Law No.106-402) 9(example diagnoses include autism, intellectual disability, and cerebral palsy), 2) Age 14 to 21 years at time of enrollment, 3) Communicate in English verbally or using other means as needed, 4) Able to attend to a task for 10 minutes and follow a two-step direction with support, 5) Able to categorize objects and concepts, and 6) Self-identify as a youth with a disability as reported on a modified functional strengths and challenges questionnaire Exclusion Criteria: - Learning disabilities without any other co-occuring diagnosis. - living outside of the university recruitment regions

Additional Information

Official title Evaluation of Project TEAM (Teens Making Environmental and Activity Modifications) - Effectiveness, Social Validity and Feasibility
Principal investigator Jessica Kramer, PhD
Description Disparities in school, work, and community participation impact the 15% of youth in the United States estimated to have a developmental disability. A growing body of literature suggests disparities in participation are due to barriers in the physical and social environment. Practitioners and advocates have developed skill and advocacy interventions in an attempt to increase the participation of youth with disabilities. Yet none of these interventions focus specifically on acquiring the problem-solving skills needed to identify environmental barriers and generate modification strategies to resolve barriers to participation. Research indicates that there is a vital need to develop manualized, theory-based interventions that empower youth with developmental disabilities to identify and advocate for environments that support their participation in school, work, and the community. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which Project TEAM is an effective, socially valid, and feasible intervention that prepares youth with developmental disabilities ages 14-21 to respond to environmental barriers and increases participation in school, work and the community. Project TEAM is a manualized intervention co- facilitated by a disability advocate and a licensed professional. The intervention includes eight group sessions and two experiential learning field trips. In addition, young adults with disabilities serve as peer mentors on field trips and contact youth weekly to support attainment of goals. Project TEAM outcomes are to: increase youths' knowledge of environmental factors and modification strategies; reduce the impact of environmental barriers on participation; increase self-efficacy and self-determination; and increase participation in a personal activity goal in the area of education, employment, or community life. Pilot research showed that Project TEAM participants (N=20) had a significant increase in knowledge of environmental barriers and modification strategies (t(19) = -6.37, p=.00), and 57% increased their participation in one activity. This project builds on a Participatory Action Research (PAR) partnership with disability community stakeholders to address the following research questions: 1) To what extent do youth with disabilities participating in Project TEAM achieve intervention outcomes? 2) What are the characteristics of youth with disabilities who most benefit from Project TEAM? 3) To what extent are goals, procedures, and outcomes of Project TEAM important and acceptable (socially valid) to youth with disabilities? This project uses a multi-site, quasi-experimental repeated measures design with matched controls to evaluate Project TEAM. Sixty-four youth ages 14-21 with developmental disabilities will participate in Project TEAM and complete outcome measures at three time points: 2 weeks pre-intervention, 2 weeks post- intervention, and follow-up 6 weeks post-intervention. A control group of 64 youth, matched to intervention participant characteristics using a three tiered approach, will complete outcome measures at time points that correspond with the intervention group. Outcome measures assess goal attainment (Goal Attainment Scaling), knowledge and application of skills acquired during intervention (Project TEAM Knowledge Test), changes in participation and impact of barriers on participation (Participation and Environment Measure- Child &Youth), self-efficacy (Generalized Self Efficacy Scale), and self-determination (AIR Self-Determination Scale). Characteristics that may influence the extent to which youth benefit from Project TEAM will be assessed using a battery of descriptive measures. Outcomes will be analyzed within and across groups to evaluate the effectiveness of Project TEAM. Feasibility and adherence to the proposed design will be evaluated using a process evaluation. To evaluate social validity, a Youth Research Panel (YRP) of 6 youth with disabilities ages 14-21 and a Consumer Research Specialist will administer a satisfaction survey and focus group interview to Project TEAM participants. Parents (n= 64) will also participate in on-line focus groups to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of Project TEAM. The YRP and other members of the research team will use an action/reflection process to interpret data and revise Project TEAM to maximize outcomes for future implementation. The YRP will disseminate information about Project TEAM to local and national capacity- building organizations targeted to youth with disabilities. The PI will also disseminate findings to professionals and the disability community via a website, presentations, and peer- reviewed journals.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Boston University.