Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive
Treatment kolwebben
Sponsor Umeå University
Start date January 2016
End date October 2016
Trial size 96 participants
Trial identifier NCT02696187, KOLwebben

Summary

This study evaluates the effects of KOL-webben (the COPD web), an interactive web-based system directed towards two target groups; people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and health professionals in primary care. KOL-webben include tools that improve health literacy with a specific focus on 1) increased physical activity and 2) use of appropriate self-management strategies. Moreover, KOL-webben include knowledge and tools directed towards staff in the primary care aimed to implement provision of evidence based health promotion interventions.The feasibility and effects of KOL-webben will be evaluated.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose health services research
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients in the experimental group will be introduced to KOL-webben during their ordinary visits to the primary care center. All patients will receive a pedometer
kolwebben
KOL-webben will be introduced to all people with COPD during their ordinary visits to the primary care center during a 3 months period. The introduction to KOL-webben will be tailored to each person's needs and include 1) registration of the patient at KOL-webben 2) showing and discussing specific content on KOL-webben (e.g. movies with exercises if the person needs exercise training) chosen to meet the needs of the individual 3) giving a card (A5 format) with address to KOL-webben, user information and references to chosen content on KOL-webben. All patients will also receive a pedometer.
(No Intervention)
Other than receiving a pedometer the patients in the control group will not receive any intervention.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in impact of COPD in daily life
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in health literacy
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in confidence in managing their COPD
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in aspects of physical activity
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in aspects of physical activity
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in self-efficacy to perform physical activity
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in quality of life
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in dyspnea severity
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in level of physical activity
time frame: 7 Days at baseline and and 7 days at 3 months after baseline
Change in instrumental knowledge among health professionals
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline
Change in conceptual knowledge among health professionals
time frame: Baseline and 3 months after baseline

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Adults 40 years and above diagnosed with COPD according to GOLD criteria i.e. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/ forced vital capacity (FVC) < 0.70. - Needs to understand Swedish or have access to anyone who understands Swedish. Exclusion Criteria: - Not COPD

Additional Information

Official title Feasibility and Effects of KOL-webben - an Internet Based Health Promotion Tool Directed Towards People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Staff in the Primary Health Care in Sweden
Principal investigator Karin Wadell, PhD
Description Pulmonary rehabilitation is a cornerstone in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and includes self-management strategies and exercise training. Pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to decrease dyspnea, improve physical capacity, level of physical activity and health-related quality of life. Traditionally patients with COPD have been treated at pulmonary or medical departments in hospitals. However, due to changes in the Swedish health system these patients now are mainly treated in primary care. Though, the pulmonary rehabilitation programs are still mainly offered by hospitals. Our research group performed a survey in all hospitals treating patients with COPD in Sweden. The investigators found that less than a half percent of the COPD population took part in pulmonary rehabilitation in 2011. Moreover, a recent survey study performed in Swedish primary care settings found that physiotherapists were available for patients with COPD which is positive. However, only 10 % of the patients with COPD have had access to physiotherapy for their disease. Consequently there is an urgent need to find new strategies to facilitate the provision of pulmonary rehabilitation in the primary care and to provide to people with COPD. The components included in pulmonary rehabilitation can be considered as health promotion intervention. Health promotion interventions are an important part of the primary care's assignment/mission in Sweden and in order to stress the responsibility for these interventions directed to people with COPD, we have chosen to use the term health promotion interventions instead of pulmonary rehabilitation. Even though there is strong scientific evidence for beneficial effects of health promoting interventions including physical exercise and self-management strategies, a very limited proportion of the people with COPD get access to such services in the primary care. There is an obvious need to find ways to implement available knowledge in clinical practice. Accordingly, KOL-webben is developed as a method (measure/tool) to implement evidence based health promotion interventions and to facilitate the delivery of such services to people with COPD. KOL-webben is also developed as a tool that will support self-management including health promotion among people with COPD. The design of the explorative feasibility study will be an controlled study with a baseline assessment, delivery of the intervention during 3 months and a follow-up at two month after the completion of the delivery. In order to explore best practice, the usefulness and the effect of the intervention, the feasibility of the data collection and recruitment of people with COPD, a process evaluation will be carried out.Two primary health care units in the county council of Västerbotten in northern Sweden and four primary units in the county council of Dalarna in Mid Sweden will be included in the study. The units will represent both rural and urban settings. KOL-webben is an interactive web-based system directed towards two target groups; people with COPD and health care professionals. The section directed towards people with COPD will provide tools that improve health literacy and thereby promote and enable a healthier lifestyle with a specific focus on 1) increased physical activity and 2) use appropriate self-management strategies. The tools include educational material, use of (e.g. texts, images, movies, web-links) and interactive components (e.g. ability to report steps per day and symptoms with feedback) adapted to the different stages of the disease. The section directed towards health care professionals includes tools that aim to improve the knowledge, attitudes and confidence in providing evidence based health promotion interventions. The tools include easily accessible knowledge and material (e.g. movies, screening tests, images, power point presentation for patient education and exercise programs).The control group will be recruited from the same health care units among listed patients with no planned visit within the 3 month intervention period. The control group will not receive any intervention. - All persons with COPD who visits the primary care centre during the study period will constitute the sample in the intervention group (KOL-webben). - The control group will be recruited from the same primary health care units among listed patients with no planned visit within the 3 month intervention period - A subgroup of 40 persons (8 from each unit) will be included in additional assessment according to the following: measure of physical activity, measure of physical activity and the process evaluation, or the process evaluation alone. The subgroup will be consecutively recruited among those who visit the primary care centres. Measures of physical activity will also be made in a similar size subgroup of participants in the control group. Before and after the three month intervention period effects on impact of COPD in daily life, health literacy, confidence in managing their COPD, aspects of physical activity, self-efficacy to perform physical activity, quality of life, dyspnea and level of physical activity will be collected. In addition will we determine effects on instrumental and conceptual knowledge among health professionals
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Umeå University.