Sitagliptin for Prevention of Acute Graft Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||graft vs host disease, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation|
|Sponsor||Sherif S. Farag|
|Start date||February 2016|
|End date||February 2019|
|Trial size||28 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02683525, IUSCC-0522|
Evaluate the efficacy of sitagliptin in reducing the incidence of grade II-IV acute Graft Versus-Host Disease (GvHD) by day +100 post-transplant in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and receiving standard sirolimus and tacrolimus GvHD prophylaxis.
The following descriptive secondary objectives will be studied:
1. Describe the tolerability and potential toxicity of sitagliptin.
2. Describe the cumulative incidence of grades II-IV acute GvHD by day +100.
3. Describe the cumulative incidence of grades III-IV acute GvHD.
4. Describe the engraftment kinetics of absolute neutrophil count and platelets.
5. Describe the incidence of infections occurring during the 100 days post-transplant.
6. Describe non-relapse mortality (NRM) at day +30, +100, and 1 year post-transplant.
7. Describe overall survival.
8. Describe the incidence of chronic GvHD.
9. Describe the cumulative incidence of relapse of the primary hematological malignancy.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other countries||No locations recruiting|
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability]
time frame: +100 days after transplant
Cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GvHD
time frame: +100 days
Cumulative incidence of grade III-IV acute GvHD
time frame: +100 days
Time to engraftment of neutrophils
time frame: +3 days
Time to engraftment of platelets
time frame: +7 days
Incidence of types infections
time frame: +100 days
Non-relapse mortality (NRM)
time frame: 1 year
time frame: 1 year
Incidence of chronic GvHD
time frame: 1 year
Cumulative incidence of relapse of the primary hematological malignancy
time frame: 1 year
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 60 years old.
INCLUSION CRITERIA: A. Patients with any of the following hematologic malignancies: 1. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with any of the following: 1. In first remission (CR1) with intermediate risk or high-risk cytogenetic and/or molecular features. 2. Patients in second or subsequent complete remission (CR2, CR3, etc.). 3. Primary refractory or relapsed AML with no more than any one of the following adverse additional features according to modified CIBMTR criteria:49 - Duration of first CR < 6 months - Poor risk cytogenetics or molecular features (FLT-3 internal tandem duplication (ITD); complex karyotype with ≥3 clonal abnormalities, 5q-/-5, 7q-/-7, 11q23 abnormalities, inv(3), monosomal karyotype) - Circulating peripheral blood blasts at time of enrollment - Karnofsky performance status <90% 2. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with any of the following: 1. In CR1 or subsequent complete remission (CR2, CR3, etc.) 2. Primary refractory or relapsed ALL with no more than one of the following adverse features according to modified CIBMTR criteria:49 - Second or subsequent relapse - Bone marrow blasts >25% at time of enrollment - Age >40 years 3. Myelodysplasia with any of the following features: 1. Refractory anemia with excess blasts type I (5-10% blasts) or II (11-20% blasts) in the bone marrow (RAEB I and II) 2. Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and poor risk cytogenetics (i.e., chromosome 7 abnormalities or complex karyotype with at least 3 abnormalities per clone) 4. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with one of the following criteria: 1. Accelerated phase, defined by any of the following: - Blasts 10-19% in peripheral blood white cells or bone marrow - Peripheral blood basophils at least 20% - Persistent thrombocytopenia (<100 x 109/l) unrelated to therapy, or persistent thrombocytosis (>1000 x 109/l) unresponsive to therapy - Increasing spleen size and increasing white blood cell (WBC) count unresponsive to therapy - Cytogenetic evidence of clonal evolution (i.e., the appearance of an additional genetic abnormality that was not present in the initial specimen at the time of diagnosis of chronic phase) 2. Chronic phase provided a complete hematologic remission was not achieved by 3 months or a complete cytogenetic remission by 18 months and the patient had received at least 2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors 5. Patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), including diffuse large cell lymphoma, mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, transformed lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, and peripheral T cell lymphoma, who also have one of the following criteria: 1. Failure to achieve complete remission to primary induction therapy 2. Relapsed and refractory to at least one line of salvage systemic therapy 3. Failed stem cell collection 6. Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma meeting one of the following criteria: 1. Primary refractory (failure to achieve complete remission to primary induction therapy) 2. Relapsed and refractory to at least one line of salvage systemic therapy 3. Failed stem cell collection B. Patient age ≥ 18 to ≤ 60 years C. Karnofsky Performance status ≥ 70% D. Patients must also receive a full myeloablative preparative regimen (Patients treated with either total body irradiation (TBI)-based or high-dose chemotherapy only regimens are eligible other than high-dose busulfan containing regimens or regimens that include anti-thymocyte globulin or other T cell depleting antibodies) E. Patients receiving allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts from HLA-matched (5/6 and 6/6 matches) siblings or from well matched unrelated donors (9/10 or 10/10 matches at HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 by high resolution typing) are included. All grafts will be unmanipulated (i.e., no T cell depleted or CD34 selected grafts). F. No uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection at time of enrollment defined as currently taking medication and progression of clinical symptoms G. No HIV disease (Patients with immune dysfunction are at a significantly higher risk of infection from intensive immunosuppressive therapies) H. Non-pregnant and non-nursing I. Required baseline values within 60 days prior to admission: 1. LVEF ≥ 45% 2. DLCO ≥ 50% of predicted (corrected for hemoglobin) J. Required baseline laboratory values within 16 days prior to admission: 1. Estimated creatinine clearance ≥60 ml/min 2. Serum total bilirubin ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal value (ULN) 3. AST and ALT ≤ 2 x ULN (unless determined by treating physician to be related to underlying malignancy) K. Signed written informed consent (Patient must be capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study, and able to provide valid informed consent) L. Patients must otherwise fulfill institutional criteria for eligibility to undergo myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation EXCLUSION CRITERIA: A. Symptomatic uncontrolled coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure B. Severe hypoxemia with room air PaO2 < 70, supplemental oxygen dependence, or DLCO < 50% predicted C. Patients with active central nervous system involvement D. Prior allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant in past 12 months E. Patients with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin secretagogues and/or insulin F. Patients with hypertriglyceridemia with serum triglyceride level ≥500 mg/d (lipid lowering drugs may be used to control level) G. Patients with a history of pancreatitis H. Patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis I. Patients with a current dependence on alcohol (characterized by a physical addiction to alcohol that interferes with physical or mental health, and social, family or job responsibilities)
|Official title||Phase II Trial of Inhibition of Dipeptidyl Peptidase (DPP)-4 With Sitagliptin for the Prevention of Acute Graft Versus-Host Disease Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation|
|Principal investigator||Sherif Farag, MD, PhD|
|Description||This is an open label phase II study in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and receiving standard sirolimus and tacrolimus GvHD prophylaxis. Although the myeloablative preparative regimen is not prescribed, it is anticipated that most patients will receive total body irradiation (TBI) plus etoposide (TBI/VP16), or high-dose thiotepa plus cyclophosphamide according to institutional standards. Regardless of the preparative regimen, all patients will receive the following regimen for GvHD prophylaxis, which includes the study drug sitagliptin: Day -3: Tacrolimus is initiated on day -3 with a suggested starting dose of 0.01 mg/kg/day IV as a continuous infusion and them modified to target a serum level of 5-10 ng/ml. Serum levels should be monitored at least twice weekly until discharge, then at times of outpatient clinic visits according to institutional practice. Tacrolimus may be switched to PO dosing when the patient is able to tolerate oral intake satisfactorily. Note that concurrent use of agents such as itraconazole, voriconazole or fluconazole (at doses > 200 mg) may inhibit the metabolism of tacrolimus, and thus increase tacrolimus levels. Initial dosing may be decreased in order to account for increased levels related to use of 'azole' agents. In addition, it is recommended to check tacrolimus levels twice weekly when these agents are initiated concurrently. Sirolimus is started on day -3 with a suggested loading dose of 1 mg PO, then 0.5 mg/day PO single dose from day -2 to maintain a target serum level of 5-10 ng/ml. Serum levels should be monitored twice weekly until discharge, then at times of outpatient clinic visits according to institutional practice. Initial dosing may be decreased in order to account for increased levels related to use of 'azole' agents. Day -1: Sitagliptin 600 mg q 12 hours PO starting on Day -1 to be administered between 8:00 am and 10:00 am then given every 12 hours (total 32 doses) through day +14. In the absence of acute GvHD, begin tapering of both tacrolimus and sirolimus on Day +100 as tolerated with a goal of stopping by Day +180. The rate of taper may be adjusted for presence of signs and symptoms of GvHD. Mycophenolate mofetil may be substituted for tacrolimus or sirolimus if any toxicity related to these drugs arises (e.g., renal failure, hemolytic microangiopathy, allergic rash, etc.).|
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