Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition constipation
Treatment mri
Sponsor Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust
Start date September 2012
End date April 2014
Trial size 25 participants
Trial identifier NCT02658201, SCH/12/026

Summary

In haematological malignancy and in immunocompromised patients, constipation is a common symptom caused by a number of factors during treatment. In current clinical practice, an abdominal radiograph is the first imaging investigation for constipation and non specific abdominal pain to support or exclude the clinical suspicion. Children are more sensitive to radiation induced adverse effects especially in the thyroid gland and bone marrow. Immunocompromised patients are at risk of developing a second malignant neoplasm. MRI is an alternative imaging modality without ionizing radiation. Imaging the peritoneal cavity on abdominal MRI has always been challenging primarily because of bowel motion and a long acquisition time for standard T1 and T2 weighted sequences. Recent development of an ultrafast 2 dimensional FIESTA sequence developed by GE (General Electric) Healthcare based on the balanced steady state free precession (b-SSFP) pulse sequence has several advantages: motion insensitivity ( does not interfere with peristalsis), sharp edge definition and higher contrast when compared with the standard SSFSE pulse sequence. FIESTA is well suited for abdominal imaging as it produces motion- free images, allowing clear delineation of intra-peritoneal and retroperitoneal anatomy and is capable of depicting the vascular anatomy and lymph-adenopathy.There is a wide spectrum of diseases which could cause abdominal pain in our study group with constipation being the most common cause but MRI could potentially detect more serious bowel-related chemotherapy induced complications such as typhlitis, pneumatosis coli, veno-occlusive disease, pancreatitis and intra abdominal abscess, which would not be apparent on abdominal radiograph.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Other)
Ultrafast MRI
mri
Ultrafast MRI to assess constipation

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Correlation between constipation scores for abdominal radiographs and FIESTA MRI
time frame: Day 1

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Inter-rater correlation of constipation scores
time frame: Day 1
Observed, clinically relevant, additional findings on MRI compared to abdominal radiographs as assessed by the scoring radiologist at the time of review
time frame: Day 1

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 6 years up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with haematological malignancy or immunocompromise under the care of the haematology team and undergoing plain abdominal radiograph for abdominal pain as part of routine clinical care. - Patients who can stay still in MRI - Patient age between 6 and 18 years. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who require sedation or general anesthesia. - Those with signs of acute abdomen. - Claustrophobic patient. - Patient/parents who are unable to wait for MRI.

Additional Information

Official title Use Of Ultrafast MRI Imaging (FIESTA) In Diagnosis Of Suspected Constipation In Haematological Malignancy and Immunocompromised Patients
Principal investigator David Hughes
Description In haematological malignancy and in immunocompromised patients, constipation is a common symptom caused by a number of factors during treatment. Chemotherapy and certain analgesic medications are major contributory factors in addition to inadequate fluid intake and reduced mobility during treatment. In current practice, an abdominal radiograph is the first imaging investigation for constipation and non specific abdominal pain to support or exclude the clinical suspicion of constipation. However, there is a skin entrance dose of 1.5 msv from plain film with radiation exposure to gonads. Children are more sensitive to radiation induced adverse effects especially the thyroid gland and bone marrow. Immunocompromised patients are also at risk of developing a second malignant neoplasm. Ultrasound is proven to detect faecal loading in the rectum without ionizing radiation but it is difficult to assess the entire length of colon and it largely depends on the operator's experience. MRI is an alternative imaging modality without ionizing radiation. Imaging the peritoneal cavity on abdominal MRI has traditionally been challenging primarily because of bowel motion and long acquisition time for standard T1 and T2 weighted sequences. The recent development of an ultrafast 2 dimensional FIESTA sequence by GE Healthcare based on the balanced steady state free precession (b-SSFP) pulse sequence has several advantages, including motion insensitivity (does not interfere with peristalsis), sharp edge definition and higher contrast when compared with the standard SSFSE pulse sequence. FIESTA images allow clear delineation of intra-peritoneal and retroperitoneal anatomy and are capable of depicting the vascular anatomy and lymph-adenopathy. There is a wide spectrum of diseases which could cause abdominal pain in our study group with constipation being the most common cause but MRI could potentially detect more serious bowel related chemotherapy induced complications such as typhlitis, pneumatosis coli, veno-occlusive disease, pancreatitis and intra abdominal abscess, which would not be apparent on abdominal radiograph.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust.