Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition schizophrenia
Treatments motivational group, educational group
Sponsor Hôpital le Vinatier
Start date December 2015
End date May 2017
Trial size 120 participants
Trial identifier NCT02657941, 2015-A00142-47

Summary

People with severe mental illness have an increased risk of somatic comorbidities such as metabolic syndrome, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus, which induce an increased risk of early mortality, mainly because of cardiovascular diseases.

These high cardio-metabolic risks result of several factors such as lack of access to medical care, a poor and unbalanced nutrition, physical inactivity and smoking but they are also exacerbated by antipsychotic medications and anti-epileptic mood stabilizers prescribed to treat their psychiatric disorder.

These prevention and awareness interventions in lifestyle are most often implemented in ambulatory stabilized patients. Also weight gain occurs in the early months of treatment. The therapeutic education program evaluated in this study seeks to potentiate the effectiveness of these preventive measures through early awareness in hospitalized patients.

Finally, this study aims to compare the efficacy of two early and short programs on health behavior: first a program inspired by motivational interviewing and behavioral psychotherapy and secondly an exclusively educational program (information, formative assessment).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
psycho-education program inspired by motivational interviewing and behavioral psychotherapy
motivational group
Three weekly sessions of one hour, co-managed by two nurses specialized in psycho-education Session 1: General information on the risk of weight gain and the means of prevention, motivational balance on the practice of physical activity, developing a personal goal, information about the sports center Session 2: brainstorming and card game on Food Hygiene Session 3: Find situations at risk of snacking and consider alternative lines
(Active Comparator)
exclusively informative psycho-education program
educational group
Three weekly sessions of one hour, co-managed by two nurses specialized in psycho-education Session 1: General information on the risk of weight gain and means of prevention, video on physical activity, discussions with therapists, information about the sports center Session 2: Video on Food Hygiene, discussions with therapists Session 3: Return on basic concepts covered in the first 2 sessions

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in body weight (kg)
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes in waist circumference (cm)
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Appearance of a SBP (systolic blood pressure) greater than the pathological threshold (> 140 mmHg) or DBP (diastolic blood pressure) above the pathological level (> 90 mmHg)
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Appearance of HDL cholesterol below the pathological threshold (<0.40 g/l) and / or LDL cholesterol greater than the pathological threshold (> 2.20 g/l) and / or higher triglyceride pathological level (> 1.5 g/l)
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Appearance of a fasting blood glucose higher than pathological threshold defined by ANAES in 1999 (> 1.26 g/l on two samples)
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Increased motivation to participate in a non-hospital treatment group on food and cooking
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Increased motivation to participate in a non-hospital treatment group on physical activity or sport
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months
Improved knowledge of balance and food hygiene
time frame: Change from baseline after 3 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 45 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Hospitalized patients in one of four adult psychiatric units of eastern pole of the Hospital Vinatier - man or woman - aged between 18 (major) and 45 years (age limit on inducing a cardiovascular risk) - receiving anti-psychotic medication or antiepileptic mood stabilizer introduced during this hospitalization: patients must be treatment-naive or already under psychotropic drug(s) since less than 10 years Exclusion Criteria: - minor - aged over 45 years at inclusion - pregnancy or breastfeeding - patient suffering from a neurodegenerative disease - patient suffering from an eating disorder - patient with a BMI> 30 - patient treated for more than 10 years by anti-psychotic medication or antiepileptic mood stabilizer

Additional Information

Official title Early and Short Psycho-educational Lifestyle Intervention to Prevent Weight Gain Induced by Psychotropic Drugs in Adults With Severe Mental Illness: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Principal investigator MAGES NICOLAS, PH
Description This both psychoeducational programs have a common objective through different methods to promote early awareness of the lifestyle (physical activity and dietary balance) of hospitalized adult patients who receive a psychotropic medication that may cause increased morbidity cardiovascular mortality through excessive weight gain and development of metabolic syndrome. Both programs have the same number of sessions of the same duration (three weekly sessions of one hour); the same themes are addressed (risk of weight gain and cardiovascular risks induced by treatments, benefits of physical activity and of a balanced diet); only the psycho-educational methods differ. These programs are for patients with serious mental illness (mainly psychotic disorders and mood disorders), hospitalized in one of the four adult psychiatric units of the Eastern Sector of the Vinatier Hospital in Bron, France. Patients are treatment-naive or already under psychotropic drug(s) but a new antipsychotic or mood-stabilizer must have been started during this hospitalization. Patients are included on indication of their referring physician in hospital, as soon as their clinical status is compatible. They are randomized to one of two therapeutic educational groups. The two parallel modules of psycho-education are co-managed by two nurses specialized in psycho-education. The study is based on a module per month for 18 months. Patients included will receive three individual interviews with a nurse or psychiatrist: the first interview before module, the second after module and the third three months after module.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Hôpital le Vinatier.