Radiofrequency Ablation of Malignant Pulmonary Nodules
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||ct-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation|
|Sponsor||Chinese PLA General Hospital|
|Start date||October 2015|
|End date||October 2020|
|Trial size||500 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02629978, CHN-PLAGH-YY-006|
The objective of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of patients with malignant pulmonary nodules（not exceed 3cm ）who are not suitable candidates for or refuse surgical resection.
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
1- , 3- and 5-year survival rates
time frame: up to 5 years after the procedures
time frame: During the procedure or up to 5 years after the procedures
changes of the size about the tumor on CT/MRI images
time frame: After the procedures up to three months
Male or female participants of any age.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Histologically confirmed malignant pulmonary nodules. 2. Patients refuse or are not suitable for surgical resections. 3. 1-3 pulmonary nodules , with a maximum tumor diameter ≦30 mm. 4. Minimum distance of nodules are at least 10 mm apart from the surrounding tissues as big trachea, primary bronchi, esophagus, great vessels，heart and pleura. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who has uncorrectable coagulation disorders, severe heart or pulmonary failure, or uncontrolled infections. 2. With extensive extrapulmonary or intrapulmonary metastasis. 3. Have taken anticoagulant as aspirin in one week. 4. Target nodules nearby pleura or other important hilum and mediastinum structures. 5. With metal implants are adjacent to the target tissues which will be covered with ablation area.
|Official title||Efficacy and Safety of Radiofrequency Ablation of Malignant Pulmonary Nodules|
|Principal investigator||Yueyong Xiao|
|Description||Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive technique widely used to treat solid tumors. Patients with malignant pulmonary nodules will undergo a series of CT- guided percutaneous RFA procedures. During the procedures，percutaneous needles will be inserted into the target tissues under CT guidance，the needles deliver thermal energy and then destroy the tumors by causing coagulation necrosis via tissue heating. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of RFA in pulmonary nodules （maximum tumor diameter ≦30 mm） was 10 mm apart from the big trachea, primary bronchi, esophagus, great vessels，heart and pleura. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations，including recent laboratory tests evaluated and imaging studies reviewed，will be performed both before and after the procedures.|
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