Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking
Treatments regular scholastic system and organized sports, regular scholastic system
Sponsor University of Split
Collaborator University of Ljubljana
Start date September 2014
End date June 2015
Trial size 1000 participants
Trial identifier NCT02629679, 01111705/2015

Summary

Adolescent substance abuse (SA), which includes the consumption of alcohol, cigarette smoking, the consumption of drugs and other behaviors, is a significant public-health issue in the world today. Recent data showed that prevalence of SA among adolescents in Croatia and surrounding countries (i.e. former Yugoslav republics) is alarming and needs serious intervention. It is hypothesized that participation in physical-exercise-and-sport (PE&S) will reduce the tendency of young people to abuse substances. However, the literature to date has not consistently validated the perception PE&S factors are factors which could buffer SA among children and adolescents. One of the probable reasons for evident inconsistencies on findings about relationship between PE&S and SA is a cross-sectional nature of studies done so far. Therefore, the main rationale (i.e. problem) of this study is lack of current knowledge about influence of the PE&S on SA among adolescents. The main objective of this study is to prospectively investigate the influence of PE&S on SA among adolescents aged 17 to 18 years old. Aims of the project are: (1) to define prevalence and trends of SA among adolescents aged 17 to 18 years old; (2) to define prevalence and trends of PE&S participation; (3) to establish interrelationships which exist between socio-demographic, psychological, educational-factors, and PE&S (predictors); (4) to identify multivariate and univariate associations between: socio-demographic and SA, psychological factors and SA, PE&S and SA, educational - scholastic factors and SA.Expected results of the project are: (1) definition of the prevalence of SA among adolescents; (2) definition of the adolescents' participation in PE&S; (3) identification and interpretation relationships which exist between and within studied predictors of SA (educational factors, socio-demographic factors, PE&S, psychological factors); (4) identification of the influence of studied predictors on SA.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Boys non-involved in organized sport and exercising
regular scholastic system
The group will consist of children who are regularly in school, but not being involved in organized sport activities
Girls non-involved in organized sport and exercising
regular scholastic system
The group will consist of children who are regularly in school, but not being involved in organized sport activities
Athletic boys (involved in sports)
regular scholastic system and organized sports
This group will consist of children involved in regular school system who at the same time participate in organized sport in sport-clubs
Athletic girls (involved in sports)
regular scholastic system and organized sports
This group will consist of children involved in regular school system who at the same time participate in organized sport in sport-clubs

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Exact number of participants who smoke cigarettes as assessed by QSU questionnaire
time frame: 2 years
Exact number of participants involved in harmful alcohol drinking as assessed by AUDIT questionnaire
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Exact number of participants who failed educationally as assessed by grade-point average
time frame: 2 years
Exact number of participants who failed educationally as assessed by behavioral grade
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 14 years up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Children involved in regular scholastic system Exclusion Criteria:

Additional Information

Official title Prospective Analysis of the Factors Associated With Substance Use and Misuse in Adolescents
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Split.