This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition sickle cell disease
Treatment etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive
Phase phase 4
Sponsor University of Sao Paulo
Collaborator Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
Start date January 2015
End date January 2018
Trial size 19 participants
Trial identifier NCT02594462, 458660


Sickle cell anemia is a homozygous genetic disease with high prevalence in Brazil. There are changes in conformation and physicochemical properties of red cells that generate varied clinical manifestations among which is chronic hemolytic anemia, cardiovascular diseases, fever, splenic sequestration and usually painful crises. Women with sickle cell anemia have high maternal-fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. During pregnancy, there is intensification of maternal anemia, episodes of painful crises; and also, more obstetric risks, such as pre-eclampsia, thromboembolism and hemorrhage. Thus, there is the need for adequate reproductive family planning for this population conducted mainly through hormonal contraception. The World Health Organization recommends that all contraceptive methods may be prescribed for people with sickle cell anemia women, being the progestogen-only contraceptive methods the most indicated due to no changes in venous or arterial thrombosis. Nevertheless, there is need for further scientific evidence as the best contraceptive choice among women with sickle cell anemia in relation to safety, adhesion and reduction of pain crises. The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical effect through safety of etonogestrel-releasing contraceptive implant in women with sickle cell anemia during twelve months.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Twenty-five women with homozygous sickle cell anemia (hemoglobin SS), aged between 18-40 years-old, who had at least one episode of sickle cell pain crisis in the last three months pre- enrollment; whom desire to use etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive without contraindications will be invited to inserted etonogestrel implant. Etonogestrel implant is a single implant progestogen-only, with 4 cm in length and 2 mm diameter containing 68 mg etonogestrel (3- ketodesogestrel), the active metabolite of desogestrel, involved in a ethylene vinyl acetate membrane (Huber, 1998), which is released continuously in bloodstream for three years. It will be inserted subdermal, on the inner face of non-dominant arm between the first and seventh day of the menstrual cycle.
etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive implanon
The etonogestrel implant will be inserted until the fifth day of the menstrual cycle . Anthropometric measurements will be performed , blood pressure measurement , application of pain questionnaire for the last three months, and collection of fasting blood in our clinic . After these measures , the ENG implant will be applied per researcher trained for such a procedure , following the recommendations outlined by the manufacturer. Women are instructed to return after 3, 6, 9, 12 months, fasting 8h , when they will be measured anthropometric measurements , blood collection, and delivery of pain questionnaires and standard of menstrual bleeding.

Primary Outcomes

Number of pain crises
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Clinical Safety as measured by hemoglobin, hepatic function
time frame: 12 months
Pain Scores on the Visual Analog Scale
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 18 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Women with homozygous sickle cell anemia ( hemoglobin SS ) , who had at least one episode of sickle cell pain crisis in the last three months pre- enrollment. 2. Age between 18 and 40 years-old ; 3. Desire to use a long-term hormonal contraception 4. Agreed to participate in the study after reading and signing the informed consent form. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Smoking, alcoholism or drug addiction ; 2. Obesity , defined as body mass index (BMI ) greater than or equal to 30 kg / m2 ; 3. contraindication to the use of isolated progestogen , according to WHO's eligibility criteria (WHO 2009) 4. Desire to maintain standard of cyclic menstrual bleeding ; 5. Allergy known local anesthetic ( lidocaine ) , once the implant is inserted after subdermal application of the local anesthetic

Additional Information

Official title Use of Etonogestrel-releasing Contraceptive Implant in Women With Sickle Cell Disease
Principal investigator MILENA B BRITO, MD, PhD
Description There are 3,500 children born each year with sickle cell disease in Brazil. Almost three percent of Bahia population has sickle cell anemia, which is the most prevalent in Brazil (BRAGA, 2007). Despite the high prevalence of sickle cell disease in our population, the best option Contraceptive for these women is still uncertain, based on low-quality studies (Haddad et al., 2012). Since this is a condition associated with numerous complications such as painful crises, splenic sequestration, marrow aplasia, among others, leads to frequent hospitalizations and high absenteeism rates. Women with sickle cell disease in reproductive age are exposed to non-planning pregnancies, which will cause high risk for maternal mortality (33%), and increased pictures of painful crises, and important maternal and newborn complications such as abortion, childbirth premature, thrombosis, among others (Andemariam, Browning, 2013). Therefore, there is a need to provide them with appropriate methods for effective reproductive planning. Hormonal contraceptives with only progestogen, such as releasing implant etonogestrel (ENG), representing an option to reduce unwanted pregnancies, especially in patients at risk for venous thrombosis, such as patients with anemia sickle, because it doens´t interfere with the coagulation system (Conrad et al., 2004; Liedaagard etal., 2011). Thus, in addition to avoid an unwanted pregnancy, these methods have impact on reduction of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and neonatal known to be associated with pregnancies in women with sickle cell anemia (Santos et al., 2005). The scientific literature is limited and scarce on the association between use of methods contraceptives in women with sickle cell disease and correlation with clinical complications such as seizures painful and anemia (Haddad et al., 2012). The contraceptive implant etonogestrel is a reversibly progestogen-only contraceptive method, long lasting, highly effective, with high continuation rate. However, there is still no studies in women with sickle cell anemia in use thereof. As it is a progestogen-only method, it does not increase the risk of thrombosis and may, as depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Abood et al., 1997), reducing painful crises, with the advantage of high efficacy and long duration. In this context, to increase adherence and whether a clinical benefit from use of the implant contraceptive releasing ENG, the contraceptive method more effectively isolated progestogen available in Brazil, in relation to painful crises and anemia among women with sickle cell disease, it is made of fundamental importance the development of a study in a city of high prevalence in Brazil.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Sao Paulo.