This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition depression
Treatments positive psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy
Sponsor University of Salzburg
Collaborator Wagner Jauregg Hospital Linz
Start date May 2014
End date May 2016
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02572921, USalzburg


This study evaluates the effects of the Positive Psychotherapy on depressive symptoms and on happiness compared with regular cognitive behavioral therapy.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model factorial assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Experimental Group (Positive Psychotherapy)
positive psychotherapy
The Positive Psychotherapy Group Treatment was developed by Martin Seligman and Tayyab Rashid (2013) and consists of 14 weekly group sessions of 2 hours. The strictly manualized program includes the following components: positive orientation and introduction, character strengths, signature strengths, good vs. bad memories, forgiveness, gratitude, satisficing vs. maximising, meaningful life, posttraumatic growth, hope and optimism, positive communication, signature strengths of others, savouring and slowness, altruism and the last session is about the integration of all these components to the "full life".
(Active Comparator)
Active Control Group (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
cognitive behavioral therapy
This well-established, cognitive-behavior group therapy was developed by Schaub, Roth and Goldmann (2006) and consists of 12 weekly group sessions of 2 hours. The strictly manualized program includes the following components: education, building up activities, cognitive restructuring, relapse prevention. Moreover, there are 2 sessions added to the standard program: one session concerning savouring and the other one concerning stress reduction. Thus the whole program consists of 14 sessions.

Primary Outcomes

Depressive symptoms (measured by a self-report questionnaire)
time frame: fourteen weeks
Depressive symptoms (measured by an assessment by others)
time frame: fourteen weeks
Happiness (measured by a self-report-questionnaire)
time frame: fourteen weeks
Happiness (measured by a self-report questionnaire)
time frame: fourteen weeks
Life satisfaction (measured by a self-report questionnaire)
time frame: fourteen weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Clinical Symptoms
time frame: fourteen weeks
Life events
time frame: six months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 60 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Clinical diagnosis of Depression (Major depressive disorder, recurrent: mild to moderate; Major depressive disorder, single episode: mild to moderate; Dysthymic disorder) - Patients should be between age 18 and 60 Exclusion Criteria: - Any current treatment for depression - Substance related or alcohol related disorder (within the last 12 months) - Panic disorder - Manic or hypomanic disorder - Psychotic disorder * refusal to participate in a 14 weeks psychotherapy treatment

Additional Information

Official title Evaluation of the Positive Psychotherapy to Reduce Symptoms and to Promote Happiness With Depressive Patients Compared to Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy
Description Positive Psychotherapy (PPT) focuses on increasing well-being and positive emotions rather than ameliorating deficits in contrast to standard psychotherapy. A lack of positive emotions, engagement and felt meaning are typically viewed as consequences or mere correlates of depression, while the PPT suggests that these may be causal for depression. Therefore building positive emotion, engagement and meaning will alleviate depression. Thus PPT may offer a new way to treat and prevent depression. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of the Positive Psychotherapy on depressive symptoms, life satisfaction and happiness in comparison to standard cognitive behavior psychotherapy (regular cognitive behavioral therapy). 60 mildly to moderately depressed patients are randomly assigned to the Positive Psychotherapy group or the regular cognitive behavioral therapy group. Both treatments (primary intervention group and control group) are conducted in an outpatient group therapy setting with 14 sessions and a duration of 2-hours-per-week in small groups of 6 or 7 patients.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Salzburg.