Investigating the Immunogenicity of a U.S.-Licensed Meningococcal Serogroup B Vaccine (Trumenba)
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||trumenba vaccine (wyeth/pfizer pharmaceuticals)|
|Sponsor||Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland|
|Collaborator||University of Massachusetts, Worcester|
|Start date||January 2015|
|End date||May 2017|
|Trial size||18 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02569632, ChildrensHRCOakland|
This study will investigate the breadth of protection against meningococcal disease in humans immunized with a newly FDA approved meningococcal B vaccine, trade name "Trumenba®" manufactured by Pfizer Vaccines. As a secondary goal the investigators will investigate underlying mechanisms by which human anti-FHbp antibodies elicit complement-mediated bactericidal activity.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other Countries||No locations recruiting|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Breadth of protective activity of serum anti-FHbp antibody responses of adults immunized with Trumenba vaccine as assessed by serum bactericidal titers
time frame: 18 months
Antibody repertoire to FHbp
time frame: 1 year
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Adults in the following risk groups: physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, microbiology laboratory personnel working at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland or the University of Massachusetts Medical School as well as medical students attending accredited U.S. medical schools - Able to comprehend and follow all required study procedures - In good health as determined by a brief medical history - For females of child bearing age a negative urine pregnancy test will be required Exclusion Criteria: - Are not in the risk groups summarized above - Have not given or are unable to give written informed consent to participate in the study - Females of child bearing potential who are pregnant, or planning on becoming pregnant during the study period. - Persons with a past history of having Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), or a family history of GBS in a parent or sibling. - Persons with presence or suspected presence of serious chronic disease including but not limited to: chronic cardiac disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes, hepatitis B/C, HIV, progressive neurological disease or seizure, leukemia, lymphomas, or neoplasm. - Have participated in any other investigational drug or received any other vaccine within the last 30 days. - Received a dose of a meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, W conjugate vaccine within the previous 30 days or wish to receive a dose of this vaccine during the six month study period. - Have a history of anaphylactic shock, asthma, urticaria or other allergic reaction after previous dose of Trumenba - Have experienced fever (oral temperature above 38.0°C) within the past 3 days or are suffering from a present acute infectious disease - Are planning to leave the area of the study site before the end of the study period - Have obesity (BMI higher than 33); or 11. - With any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives.
|Official title||Immunogenicity of a U.S.-Licensed Meningococcal Serogroup B Vaccine (Trumenba) in Adults at Increased Risk of Meningococcal Disease Because of Occupational Exposure|
|Principal investigator||Dan Granoff, MD|
|Description||Neisseria meningitidis causes meningitis and severe infections of the blood stream. The incidence of serogroup B meningococcal disease however is too low to conduct a randomized, controlled trial to determine the actual efficacy of the new serogroup B vaccines. Instead vaccine efficacy was inferred from serum bactericidal antibody responses using four test strains. However, because of strain variability of FHbp amino acid sequence (there are more than 800 sequence variants described) and strain variability of FHbp expression, bactericidal data on only four strains are unlikely to be sufficient to predict the actual strain coverage by the vaccine. There also are gaps in knowledge about the underlying mechanisms by which human antibodies to FHbp elicit complement mediated bactericidal activity. For example, binding of FH to FHbp is specific for human FH. Therefore in vaccinated humans the vaccine antigen is expected to form a complex with FH right after immunization. The investigators' hypothesis is that binding of human FH to the vaccine antigen skews the antibody repertoire to FHbp epitopes located outside of the FH combining site. The resulting antibodies would be expected not to inhibit binding of FH to the bacteria. This hypothesis will be investigated in Trumenba-immunized humans as part of studies in Aim 1 (and in future studies of recombinant human anti-FHbp Fabs that will be enabled by obtaining DNA from individual B cells, described in Aim 2).|
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