This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition functional fitness
Treatments healthy beat accupunch exercise program, control
Sponsor Kaohsiung Medical University
Collaborator National Science Council, Taiwan
Start date August 2014
End date May 2017
Trial size 240 participants
Trial identifier NCT02567864, KMUH-IRB-20140089


The goals of this research project are: 1) to develop a senior-tailored Healthy Beat Accupunch (HBA) exercise program for community-dwelling older adults, 2) to test the effects of a six-month, instructor-led HBA exercise program, and 3) to evaluate the feasibility, compliance, and long-term effects of a six-month, DVD-guide HBA exercise program.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose prevention
The HBA exercise program includes: 1) warm-up: 5 slow and gentle exercises to regulate qi, loosen up the body, and elevate the energy for a safe transition to the next phase, 2) accupunch: 14 low-to-medium speed exercises to punch the 14 meridians to enhance the cardiovascular-respiratory workout, and 3) relaxation: 5 low-speed, muscle relaxing exercises with deep breaths to sooth the body and mind. It is conducted 3 times per week and 40 minutes per practice.
healthy beat accupunch exercise program
HBA has three phases and takes 40 minutes to complete.
(Active Comparator)
The control group maintains daily activities.
participants maintain their daily activities.

Primary Outcomes

Digital Sphygmomanometer
time frame: 12 months
TruZoneTM Peak Flow Meter
time frame: 12 months
Two-minute Step Test
time frame: 12 months
Back Scratch Test
time frame: 12 months
Chair Sit-and-Reach Test
time frame: 12 months
Digital Handgrip Dynamometer
time frame: 12 months
Arm Curl Test
time frame: 12 months
Chair Stand Test
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Barthel Index
time frame: 12 months
chronic pain
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 65 years up to 100 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - community-dwelling older adults aged 65 and over - Mandarin or Taiwanese speakers - able to stand and walk without assistive devices - cognitive alert and able to verbally state their name, address, and answer questions. Exclusion Criteria: - participants with severe and acute cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, or pulmonary illnesses.

Additional Information

Official title Development and Evaluation of an Evidence-based Intervention Guideline of the Healthy Beat Accupunch (HBA) Exercise Program for the Community Older Adults
Principal investigator Kuei-Min Chen, Ph.D.
Description A three-year, longitudinal, triangulation research method will be applied. First Year (Phase I): A preliminary HBA exercise program, including hard copy descriptions and DVD demonstrations of each exercise, will be mailed to the 16 experts in the Delphi advisory panel for their critique and evaluation. First Year (Phase II): A quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-posttest design will be used to pilot-test the feasibility of the HBA exercise program on a group of 35 community-dwelling older adults in a community care station. Second Year: A cluster randomized controlled trial will be used to test the effects of a six-month, instructor-led HBA exercise program on the functional fitness (cardiovascular-respiratory function, body flexibility, muscle strength, and muscle endurance), perceived health status, and sleep quality of the community-dwelling older adults. Through the use of convenience sampling strategy, eight community care stations with approximately 240 older adults in Kaohsiung will be recruited and randomly assigned based on their community care stations to a HBA experimental group or a wait-list control group. Participants in the experimental group will receive the HBA exercise program led by trained and certified instructors, three times per week, 40 minutes per practice for six months; participants in the wait-list control group will continue with their regular daily activities. One pre-test and two post-tests, three months apart, will be conducted. Third Year: Using the same method as in the second year, participants from the second year will continue practicing the HBA exercise program, but guided by a DVD, for another six months. The feasibility, compliance, and effectiveness of the DVD-led HBA exercise program on the community-dwelling older adults will be tested, and another two post-tests, three months apart, will be conducted on the same outcome measurements as in the second year.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Kaohsiung Medical University.