Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition alzheimer's disease
Treatment t3d-959
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor T3D Therapeutics, Inc.
Start date July 2015
End date May 2016
Trial size 36 participants
Trial identifier NCT02560753, T3D959-201

Summary

The study is a randomized, parallel, 4-dose design in subjects with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's Disease. Subjects will be randomized to one of 4 doses of T3D-959. Subjects will be evaluated for changes from baseline in cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (FDG-PET imaging), functional connectivity of the hippocampus (BOLD-fMRI), and cognitive function (ADAS-Cog11 and DSST) as well as assessed for safety and tolerability to T3D-959.

An expanded access extension is planed to provide access to study medication to subjects who have completed the main study and requested continued use.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Nine subjects will take 3mg by mouth once daily for two weeks, with or without food.
t3d-959
The 3mg dosage is supplied as 1mg capsules (three capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 10mg dosage is supplied as 5mg capsules (two capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 30mg dosage is supplied as either 5mg or 15mg capsules (six 5mg capsules or two 15mg capsules taken once daily by mouth) The 90mg dosage is supplied as 15mg capsules (six capsules, taken once daily by mouth)
(Experimental)
Nine subjects will take 10mg by mouth once daily for two weeks, with or without food.
t3d-959
The 3mg dosage is supplied as 1mg capsules (three capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 10mg dosage is supplied as 5mg capsules (two capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 30mg dosage is supplied as either 5mg or 15mg capsules (six 5mg capsules or two 15mg capsules taken once daily by mouth) The 90mg dosage is supplied as 15mg capsules (six capsules, taken once daily by mouth)
(Experimental)
Nine subjects will take 30mg by mouth once daily for two weeks, with or without food.
t3d-959
The 3mg dosage is supplied as 1mg capsules (three capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 10mg dosage is supplied as 5mg capsules (two capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 30mg dosage is supplied as either 5mg or 15mg capsules (six 5mg capsules or two 15mg capsules taken once daily by mouth) The 90mg dosage is supplied as 15mg capsules (six capsules, taken once daily by mouth)
(Experimental)
Nine subjects will take 90mg by mouth once daily for two weeks, with or without food.
t3d-959
The 3mg dosage is supplied as 1mg capsules (three capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 10mg dosage is supplied as 5mg capsules (two capsules, taken once daily by mouth) The 30mg dosage is supplied as either 5mg or 15mg capsules (six 5mg capsules or two 15mg capsules taken once daily by mouth) The 90mg dosage is supplied as 15mg capsules (six capsules, taken once daily by mouth)

Primary Outcomes

Measure
The effect of treatment with T3D-959 on changes in 18F-FDG-PET measurements of the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRgl) in an empirically pre-specified statistical region of interest (sROI) that is preferentially affected by AD.
time frame: after 14 days of treatment
The effect of treatment with T3D-959 on changes in resting state Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) signal in functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) of the brain areas associated with cognitive tasks.
time frame: after 14 days of treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change from Baseline in the score of the Digit Symbol Substitution Test
time frame: after 14 days of treatment
Comparison of the response to treatment of T3D-959 based on ApoE genotype
time frame: after 14 days of treatment
Change from Baseline in the plasma metabolome profile after 2 week treatment with T3D-959 using mass spectrometry.
time frame: after 14 days of treatment
Change from Baseline in the total score of the 11-item Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive Subscale
time frame: after 14 days of treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 50 years up to 90 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Meets criteria for mild-to-moderate AD with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 14 through 26 - Clinical Dementia Rating = 0.5 to 2.0 - Modified Hachinski less than or equal to 4 - A clinical diagnosis of AD per NINCDS-ADRDA criteria - Washout of psychoactive medication (other than anti-depressants): at least 4 weeks prior to baseline - Stability of all permitted medications for 4-12 weeks prior to baseline - Visual and auditory acuity adequate for neuropsychological testing - Home monitoring available for supervision of medications Exclusion Criteria: - Unstable diabetes or insulin use - Unable to participate in FDG-PET scanning - Inability to undergo a clinical MRI of the brain - Diagnosis of significant neurological/psychiatric disease other than AD - History of moderate or severe congestive heart failure, NYHA class III or IV, within 12 months prior to baseline. - Previous cardiovascular event within the past 6 months prior to baseline - Subject is pregnant, or lactating. - ALT and/or AST levels that are twice the upper limit of normal; bilirubin levels that exceed 2 mg/dL; serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL in men or > 1.4 mg/dL in women. - Current or history of severe or unstable disorder (medical or psychiatric) requiring treatment that may make the subject unlikely to complete the study. - Current use of fluvoxamine. - Current unstable use of warfarin. - Current use (within 30 days of baseline, visit 2) of certain highly protein-bound medications - Malignancy within the last 5 years (other than non-melanoma skin cancer, stable, non-progressive prostate cancer not requiring treatment or in situ cervical cancer). - Known history of HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. - Blood pressure greater than 160/100 mmHg. - Known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to the study drugs, closely related compounds, or any of their stated ingredients. - History of alcohol, drug abuse or dependence (except nicotine dependence) within 2 years. - Investigational amyloid lowering therapies use within two months prior to baseline - Have participated in any other investigational study or received an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to baseline - Any surgical or medical condition which may significantly alter the absorption of any drug substance - Resides in hospital or moderate to high dependency continuous care facility. - Non ambulatory, or wheelchair-bound - History of swallowing difficulties. - Evidence of clinically relevant pathology that in the investigator's opinion could interfere with the study results or put the subject's safety at risk. Expanded Access Extension : Subjects must continue to meet the main study inclusion/exclusion criteria to insure continued safety to continue on a 6 months study extension

Additional Information

Official title Phase 2a Feasibility Study of T3D-959 in Subjects With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease
Description T3D-959 is an orally-delivered, once-a-day administered, small molecule dual nuclear receptor agonist that has been shown in animal and Phase 1 studies in normal human subjects to be safe and well tolerated. The purpose of this clinical study in AD patients is to demonstrate mechanistic proof of concept that T3D-959, can produce desired changes in cerebral glucose metabolism and functional connectivity that may indicate potential for cognitive improvement. The therapeutic approach to be tested is based on two suppositions; (A) ameliorating multiple pathologies in the disease with a single therapy may provide a superior clinical benefit than therapeutic approaches which target a single pathology and (B) correcting insulin resistance in the brain, (highly correlated with AD and potential key driver of AD pathophysiology) and peripherally may be disease remedial. The brain requires integral insulin signaling for metabolic homeostasis and neuronal plasticity. Insulin resistance disrupts energy balance and signaling networks needed for a broad range of functions. Impaired insulin signaling in neurons enhances apoptosis, promotes oxidative cell death induced by Abeta1-42, increases secretion of Abeta1-42, blocks removal of extracellular Abeta oligomers and increases plaque loads. A growing body of evidence suggests that brain insulin resistance promotes or possibly is the trigger of key pathologies in AD and is supported by observed changes in levels of insulin signaling molecules in AD forebrains and associated changes in memory. Pre-clinical studies in animals have demonstrated the insulin sensitizing activity of T3D-959 and ability to improve multiple pathologies of AD in a rat model of disease. This non-placebo controlled trial will be conducted in one to three clinical centers. Thirty six (36) patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease will be randomly assigned to once daily, orally administered treatment with 3mg, 10mg, 30mg or 90mg doses of T3D-959. Participants will be treated for two weeks and will undergo at baseline and at two weeks; FDG-PET scans to measure brain glucose metabolism, BOLD fMRI scans to measure functional connectivity of the hippocampus, venous blood draws for biomarker analysis and ApoE genotyping, and ADAS-Cog11 and DSST cognitive testing. For monitoring potential toxicities of the drug subjects will undergo physical examination, neurological examination, adverse event review, blood chemistries, and pharmacokinetic (PK) analyses for T3D-959 plasma levels. Expanded Access Extension: This is an open label 10 visit extension for up to 5 subjects who have completed the T3D959-201 protocol and whose caregivers and physician requested their continued treatment in an expanded access protocol. All subjects enrolled in this study will be treated with a 15mg q.d. dose of T3D959 for six months, regardless of their assigned dose level from the main study. A continued risk/benefit assessment by the investigator will be conducted at each visit to determine the need for treatment continuation. Subjects will be assessed for safety and tolerability to T3D-959 and evaluated for changes from baseline cognitive function via ADAS-Cog11 and DSST testing and global change via CIBIC-plus testing.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by T3D Therapeutics, Inc..