Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition cardiovascular diseases
Treatments virgin olive oil (voo), optimized high phenolic content oil (ohpco), functional olive oil (foo)
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Fundación Pública Andaluza para la Investigación Biomédica Andalucía Oriental
Collaborator Hospital del Mar
Start date February 2014
End date June 2016
Trial size 57 participants
Trial identifier NCT02520739, 13/11-C38

Summary

The Mediterranean diet, in which olive oil is the main source of fat, has shown to be protective for chronic degenerative diseases. These diseases, such as cardiovascular, cancer, and neurodegenerative, and even the aging process, are linked to oxidative stress and inflammation. Recently, the Prevention through Mediterranean Diet Study has provided for first time evidence of the benefits of the Mediterranean diet on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Olive oil, besides its high content of a healthy fat, the monounsaturated (MUFA) one: the oleic acid, has minor components with bioactive properties. The minor components of virgin olive oil are classified into two types: the unsaponifiable fraction, defined as the fraction extracted with solvents after the saponification of the oil, and the soluble fraction which includes the phenolic compounds. The content of the phenolic compounds (polyphenols) of an olive oil depends of the variety of the olive fruit, the cultivar, the climate, the ripeness of the olive, and the type of processing. Virgin olive oils obtained from the first press of centrifugation of the olives are those with high phenolic content. On November 2011, the European Food Safety Authority released a claim concerning the benefits of the daily ingestion of olive oil rich in phenolic compounds, such as the virgin olive oil. Due to this, the need to optimize the olive oil processing in order to obtain high phenolic content olive oils is one of the current goals in terms of increasing the nutritional value of an olive oil. To obtain an optimized olive oil with high phenolic content (OHPCO) has been one of the achievements within the frame of the NUTRAOLEOUM Project.

However, the healthy properties of the new olive oils (OHPCO and FOO), according to the Evidence Based Medicine must be tested in proper clinical randomized trials. New olive oil products need to be tested in front of the parental ones (i.e. virgin olive oil obtained by common procedures) in order to ensure that their healthy properties are highlighted. This is the purpose of the NUTRAOLEUM Study. In order to be able to obtain future health claims from EFSA or FDA, for the products, the investigators will also examine the bioavailability in humans of the active principles (phenolic compounds and triterpenes) of the olive oils, as well as possible basic mechanisms involved in the potential health benefits of the olive oils tested.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Placebo Comparator)
Virgin olive oil obtained by traditional procedures (VOO);
virgin olive oil (voo)
VOO was sequentially administered over 3 periods of 3 weeks preceded by 2-week washout periods in which participants were requested to avoid olives and olive oil consumption. During intervention periods, they were requested to ingest a raw daily dose of 30 mL of VOO distributed over 3 meals. Daily doses of VOO were blindly prepared in special containers, with the corresponding 30 mL VOO daily dose were delivered at the beginning of each intervention period to the participants. The participants were instructed to return the containers when collecting the next daily doses for the amount of unconsumed VOO to be registered. During washout periods participants were provided of sunflower oil for raw and cooking purposes.
(Experimental)
Optimized virgin olive oil with a high phenolic content (OHPCO);
optimized high phenolic content oil (ohpco)
OHPCO was sequentially administered over 3 periods of 3 weeks preceded by 2-week washout periods in which participants were requested to avoid olives and olive oil consumption. During intervention periods, they were requested to ingest a raw daily dose of 30 mL of OHPCO distributed over 3 meals. Daily doses of OHPCO were blindly prepared in special containers, with the corresponding 30 mL OHPCO daily dose were delivered at the beginning of each intervention period to the participants. The participants were instructed to return the containers when collecting the next daily doses for the amount of unconsumed OHPCO to be registered. During washout periods participants were provided of sunflower oil for raw and cooking purposes.
(Experimental)
Functional olive oil (FOO) with both high phenolic compounds and triterpene content.
functional olive oil (foo)
FOO was sequentially administered over 3 periods of 3 weeks preceded by 2-week washout periods in which participants were requested to avoid olives and olive oil consumption. During intervention periods, they were requested to ingest a raw daily dose of 30 mL of FOO distributed over 3 meals. Daily doses of FOO were blindly prepared in special containers, with the corresponding 30 mL FOO daily dose were delivered at the beginning of each intervention period to the participants. The participants were instructed to return the containers when collecting the next daily doses for the amount of unconsumed FOO to be registered. During washout periods participants were provided of sunflower oil for raw and cooking purposes.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Systolic and diastolic blood pressures
time frame: Up to 10 months
Physical activity
time frame: Up to 10 months
Serum glucose
time frame: Up to 10 months
Total cholesterol
time frame: Up to 10 months
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
time frame: Up to 10 months
triglycerides
time frame: Up to 10 months
LDL cholesterol
time frame: Up to 10 months
Oxidized LDL (oxLDL)
time frame: Up to 10 months
Conjugated dienes in LDL
time frame: Up to 10 months
Tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol in urine samples and oleanolic and maslinic in plasma
time frame: Up to 10 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Endothelial Function
time frame: Up to 10 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 50 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - healthy on the basis of physical examination and routine biochemical and hematological laboratory determinations, - willingness to provide written, informed consent and - to agree to adherence to the protocol. Exclusion Criteria: - smoking, - intake of antioxidant supplements, - aspirin, or any other drug with established antioxidant properties, - hyperlipemia, - obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2), - diabetes, - hypertension, - celiac or other intestinal disease, - any condition limiting mobility, - life-threatening diseases, or - any other disease or condition that would impair compliance.

Additional Information

Official title New Industrial Procedures for Achieving a Nutritional Added Value of the Olive Oil. The NUTRAOLEUM Study
Principal investigator BLAS GIL, Doctor
Description The Mediterranean diet, in which olive oil is the main source of fat, has shown to be protective for chronic degenerative diseases. These diseases, such as cardiovascular, cancer, and neurodegenerative, and even the aging process, are linked to oxidative stress and inflammation. Recently, the Prevention through Mediterranean Diet Study has provided for first time evidence of the benefits of the Mediterranean diet on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In human, randomized, controlled studies olive oil, and particularly the virgin one rich in phenolic compounds, have been shown to provide benefits on oxidative damage, inflammation, and on the generation of cell adhesion molecules, a key process for atherosclerosis development. Olive oil, besides its high content of a healthy fat, the monounsaturated (MUFA) one: the oleic acid, has minor components with bioactive properties. The minor components of virgin olive oil are classified into two types: the unsaponifiable fraction, defined as the fraction extracted with solvents after the saponification of the oil, and the soluble fraction which includes the phenolic compounds. The content of the phenolic compounds (polyphenols) of an olive oil depends of the variety of the olive fruit, the cultivar, the climate, the ripeness of the olive, and the type of processing. Virgin olive oils obtained from the first press of centrifugation of the olives are those with high phenolic content. On November 2011, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA, 2011) released a claim concerning the benefits of the daily ingestion of olive oil rich in phenolic compounds, such as the virgin olive oil. The Panel considers that in order to bear the claim, 5 mg of hydroxytyrosol and its derivatives (e.g. oleuropein complex and tyrosol) in olive oil should be consumed daily. These quantities, if provided by moderate amounts of olive oil, can be easily consumed in the context of a balanced diet (EFSA, 2011). The conditions for the use of the claim in the bottles, are regulated in the Commission Regulation (EU).Nº 432/2012 of 16 May 2012 (Official Journal of the European Union , L136/1. 25, 5, 2012). According to this regulation: "The claim may be used only for olive oil which contains at least 5 mg of hydroxytyrosol and its derivatives (e.g. oleuropein complex and tyrosol) per 20 g of olive oil. In order to bear the claim, information shall be given to the consumer that the beneficial effect is obtained with a daily intake of 20 g of olive oil". This implies that only high phenolic content olive oils can bear the claim. Due to this, the need to optimize the olive oil processing in order to obtain high phenolic content olive oils is one of the current goals in terms of increasing the nutritional value of an olive oil. To obtain an optimized olive oil with high phenolic content (OHPCO) has been one of the achievements within the frame of the NUTRAOLEOUM Project. In this sense we must point out that, among minor olive oil components, not only polyphenols, but components of the unsaponifiable fraction such as the triterpenes have also shown to have potential for providing benefits for health. The seeds and the skin of the olives, used to produce pomace olive oil, are very rich in triterpenes. Pomace olive oil and triterpenes, such as oleanolic and maslinic acids, have shown anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and vasodilatation properties in cellular and animal models. Due to this, the enrichment of an OHPCO with olive triterpenes, by joining the healthy properties of virgin and pomace olive oil, will result in a Functional Olive Oil (FOO) with a high bioactive potential for health. This FOO has also been developed in the frame of the NUTRAOLEUM Project. Consumers are every day asking for an "added value" in the nutritional properties of the food to be purchased and responses from the Olive Oil Industry are needed. However, the healthy properties of the new olive oils (OHPCO and FOO), according to the Evidence Based Medicine must be tested in proper clinical randomized trials. New olive oil products need to be tested in front of the parental ones (i.e. virgin olive oil obtained by common procedures) in order to ensure that their healthy properties are highlighted. This is the purpose of the NUTRAOLEUM Study. In order to be able to obtain future health claims from EFSA or FDA, for the products, we will also examine the bioavailability in humans of the active principles (phenolic compounds and triterpenes) of the olive oils, as well as possible basic mechanisms involved in the potential health benefits of the olive oils tested.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fundación Pública Andaluza para la Investigación Biomédica Andalucía Oriental.