This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions intracranial hemorrhages, stroke
Treatment antithrombotic drugs
Sponsor St. Olavs Hospital
Collaborator Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Start date May 2015
End date January 2017
Trial size 72000 participants
Trial identifier NCT02481011, 2014/7958


The true incidence and risks of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients on various antithrombotic treatments remain unknown. Here a nationwide study is conducted to investigate the risk for and incidence rates of ICH in users and non-users of various oral antithrombotic drugs in Norway between 2008 through 2014.

Hopefully, this study will contribute to a more responsible prescription pattern of antithrombotic medications.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case-only
Time perspective retrospective
patients on antithrombotic drugs admitted to a Norwegian hospital for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)
antithrombotic drugs
patients not on antithrombotic drugs admitted to a Norwegian hospital for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)

Primary Outcomes

incidence rate of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) requiring hospitalization
time frame: 6 years

Secondary Outcomes

overall survival following ICH
time frame: 6 years
proportion of ICH patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures
time frame: 6 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - hospitalization due to intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) - residential address in Norway Exclusion Criteria: - Traumatic (high-energy) intracranial injury - Parenteral antithrombotic treatment - ICH related to tumor or vascular malformation

Additional Information

Official title Risk of Intracranial Hemorrhage in Users of Oral Antithrombotic Drugs: a Nationwide Study
Description The most serious adverse effect of antithrombotic therapy is bleeding. Combinations of antithrombotic agents are now frequently used (e.g. after use of drug eluting stents or after ischemic stroke), and this may lead to an increased frequency of significant bleeding complications. Among hemorrhagic complications of antithrombotic drugs, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) may have particularly devastating consequences with high morbidity, disability and even mortality rates. Intracerebral hemorrhage (hemorrhagic stroke) is generally associated with a higher risk for death and incurs greater loss of health over a lifetime than ischemic stroke. This makes antithrombotic therapy a double-edged sword. Although a certain risk for bleeding may be acceptable in the context of even greater protection against ischemic events, it is important to quantify the magnitude of bleeding risk. So far the efficacy and safety profile of antithrombotic agents are generally assessed in randomized controlled trials (RCT). However, extrapolating the results from randomized clinical trials to the general patient population in this context is challenging. Patients who participate in clinical trials are frequently highly selected and therefore somewhat unrepresentative. In addition, their numbers are limited and the treatment period is often much shorter than in routine management of a chronic disease or condition. Finally, patients in clinical trials are often monitored more closely than in routine practice. The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage due to antithrombotic therapy could theoretically be monitored by post-marketing surveillance by including spontaneously reported events. Unfortunately, it seems this does not provide more reliable estimates. A recent study from Finland has shown that bleeding complications due to oral anticoagulation with Warfarin are underreported in daily clinical practice. Further, it has been shown that reporting rates of side effects following medical therapy tend to decrease over time indicating that it is more likely that adverse events to a newer drug are reported than to a drug that has been available for many years. This is why population-based large-scale pharmaco-epidemiological studies are needed, in which cohorts of patients exposed to antithrombotic medications are monitored to determine a valid and reliable risk of the treatment.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by St. Olavs Hospital.