This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition atrial fibrillation
Treatments pvi-adt, pvi+adt
Phase phase 4
Sponsor VZW Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst
Collaborator AZ Sint-Jan AV
Start date March 2014
End date August 2016
Trial size 152 participants
Trial identifier NCT02475642, POWDER-AF01


The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of PV isolation with continued antiarrhythmic drug treatment (PVI+ADT) to PV isolation without continued ADT (PVI-ADT) in patients undergoing treatment for symptomatic recurrent AF.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
discontinue antiarrhythmic drugs at 3 months post PVI
Discontinue antiarrhythmic drugs at randomisation (3 months post ablation). As per the eligibility criteria, all patients randomised are taking either Flecainide, Cibenzoline, Propafenon, Sotalol or Amiodarone. These are discontinued at the moment of randomisation in this arm
(Active Comparator)
discontinue antiarrhythmic drugs at 12 months post PVI
Discontinue antiarrhythmic drugs 9 months after randomisation (12 months post ablation). As per the eligibility criteria, all patients randomised are taking either Flecainide, Cibenzoline, Propafenon, Sotalol or Amiodarone. These are continued in this arm until 9 months post randomisation at which point they are stopped

Primary Outcomes

Efficacy as measured by freedom of arrhythmia recurrence
time frame: 9 months
Safety as measured by drug discontinuation
time frame: 9 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - patient has continued (IC or III) ADT throughout the 3-month blanking - patient is free of symptomatic and asymptomatic AF (as evidenced by 1-day Holter) at the 3-month visit - drug-resistant (at least one class IC or III) symptomatic AF was the primary indication for prior PV isolation - in the three months prior to PVI, at least one episode of symptomatic or asymptomatic AF - PV isolation was performed according to the standards set forward by the Task Force Document (sedation or general anesthesia) - PV isolation was the only target for ablation (except for cavotricuspid (CTI) ablation if documented AFL) - PV isolation was performed by point-by-point irrigated radio frequency (RF) guided by contact-force (Biosense) (10-30gr-continuous lesion) - PV isolation (i.e. entry block) was verified in each vein after a waiting time and adenosine (with continued RF if acute reconnection) - Signed Patient Informed Consent Form. - Age 18 years or older. - Able and willing to comply with all follow-up testing and requirements. Exclusion Criteria: - Longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation (>12 months of continuous AF) - Previous ablation for AF - left atrium (LA) size > 55 mm - left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% - AF secondary to electrolyte imbalance, thyroid disease, or reversible or non-cardiac cause - coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure within the last six months - Awaiting cardiac transplantation or other cardiac surgery - Documented left atrial thrombus on imaging - Diagnosed atrial myxoma - Women who are pregnant (by history of menstrual period or pregnancy test if the history is considered unreliable) or breastfeeding - Acute illness or active systemic infection or sepsis - Unstable angina - Uncontrolled heart failure - Myocardial infarction within the previous two (2) months - History of blood clotting or bleeding abnormalities - Contraindication to anticoagulation therapy (ie, heparin or warfarin) - Life expectancy less than 12 months - Enrollment in any other study evaluating another device or drug - Presence of intramural thrombus, tumor or other abnormality that precludes catheter introduction - Patients not taking any class IC or III ADT at 3 months after PV isolation - No documentation of entry block at initial PV isolation - no waiting time or adenosine. - Additional linear ablation or defractionation during the initial procedure (except for CTI ablation for documented or induced cavo-tricuspid isthmus dependent flutter).

Additional Information

Official title Pulmonary Vein Isolation With Versus Without Continued Antiarrhythmic Drug Treatment in Subjects With Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation: A Prospective 2-Centre Randomized Controlled Clinical Study (POWDER-AF)
Principal investigator Mattias Duytschaever, MD, PhD
Description Subjects that underwent PV isolation for paroxysmal or non-longstanding persistent AF and are free of arrhythmia at the end of the 3-month blanking period while taking ADT. Eligible subjects who sign the study informed consent form will be randomized into one of two study arms: PVI+ADT Group: continue ADT through 9 months follow-up PVI-ADT Group: no ADT through 9 months follow up
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by VZW Cardiovascular Research Center Aalst.