Overview

Conditions beta-thalassemia, iron overload
Treatments amlodipine, deferasirox
Sponsor Kevin H.M. Kuo, MD, MSc, FRCPC
Start date June 2015
End date June 2017
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02474420, CANALI

Summary

This is a randomized, open label, two arms superiority trial of a representative population of patients with a primary diagnosis of transfusion dependent thalassemia with evidence of moderate cardiac iron overload, defined as an average T2* MRI parameter at the mid inter-ventricular septum between 10 and 20ms.

Recruiting in the following locations…

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries Canada

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
deferasirox iron chelation therapy and standard of care by the treating physician
deferasirox
Deferasirox administered per standard of care by the treating physician
(Experimental)
deferasirox iron chelation therapy with amlodipine
amlodipine
amlodipine titrated up to 10 mg daily or maximum tolerated dose, whichever comes first
deferasirox
Deferasirox administered per standard of care by the treating physician

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in cardiac T2*
time frame: 12 months following randomization

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in left ventricular ejection fraction
time frame: 12 months following randomization
Number of Participants with Adverse Events
time frame: 12 months following randomization

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of transfusion-dependent Thalassemia being followed by a thalassemia comprehensive care clinic Age 18 or older - Taking deferasirox and on a stable dose for >3 months - Evidence on cardiac MRI of mild to moderate cardiac iron overload (T2*<20ms but ≥10ms) as measured within 3 months prior to randomization. If a recent cardiac MRI has not been obtained, patients who otherwise meet all eligibility criteria and provide appropriate consent will undergo a cardiac MRI to confirm eligibility - Preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >55% as measured by cardiac MRI. If a recent cardiac MRI has not been obtained, patients who otherwise meet all eligibility criteria and provide appropriate consent will undergo a cardiac MRI to confirm eligibility. - Agreeable to use an approved method of contraception if female of childbearing potential for the entire duration of the study. Exclusion Criteria: - Serum ferritin < 500 ng/mL at screening - Liver iron concentration > 30 mg/g dw as measured by liver R2 MRI (FerriScan) - Congestive heart failure - Severe refractory Hypotension (less than 90 mmHg systolic) - Currently taking any calcium channel blockers - Pregnancy or nursing (a negative HCG (pregnancy) test must be obtained prior to randomization) - As a result of medical review, physical examination or screening investigations, the Principal Investigator (PI) considers the subject unfit for the study - No fixed address - Hypersensitivity to amlodipine or other dihydropyridines

Additional Information

Official title The Use of the Calcium Channel Blocker Amlodipine as an Adjuvant Treatment to Iron Chelation for the Prevention of Iron Overload Cardiomyopathy in Patients With Thalassemia
Principal investigator Kevin HM Kuo, MD MSc FRCPC
Description Selection of Study Population: The study will enroll 60 adult subjects with transfusion dependent thalassemia receiving deferasirox iron chelation therapy. All eligible subjects will be asked to provide informed consent before participating in the study. Randomization: Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either continuation of their DFX (control arm) or a combination of DFX plus amlodipine (amlodipine arm). Treatment: Subjects randomized to the amlodipine arm will receive open label medication (amlodipine) starting at 2.5mg/day and up-titrated by 2.5mg every 7-14 days with the goal of reaching 10mg/day. DFX dose in either arm will not be adjusted unless it was deemed unsafe to remain on the same dose of DFX by the treating physician (significant side effects, lack of efficacy or over-chelation) or T2* drops below 8 ms. Safety Assessment: Weekly or fortnightly amlodipine titration will be conducted by the research physician in-clinic, based on blood pressure, tolerability, and presence or absence of side-effects. Adverse Events will be assessed at every visit after the first dose through to the last subject visit. Efficacy Assessment: the efficacy of amlodipine combined to standard chelation therapy will be assessed by cardiac T2*MRI, done at baseline and 12 months post treatment.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University Health Network, Toronto.