Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition autism spectrum disorder
Treatment mcgill transition support program
Sponsor McGill University
Start date May 2012
End date July 2016
Trial size 28 participants
Trial identifier NCT02439671, Max Bell / McGill x-209094

Summary

This study investigates a service delivery model to better support young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the transition from school to the community. The effectiveness of the "McGill Transition Support Program", a small-group format intervention (meeting once a week for 2 hours over 10 weeks) focusing on communication, self-determination and working with others skills, is measured by multiple pre- and post-program-assessments in a "staggered enrollment trial", a variant of a randomized controlled trial (RCT).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Participant assigned to McGill Transition Support Program in next available session
mcgill transition support program
The McGill Transition Support Program is manual-based, including 15 modules of curriculum, five in each of the following domains of skills: Social communication (e.g. listening, perspective taking) Self-determination (e.g. problem-solving, self-advocacy) Working with others (e.g. knowing your context, teamwork) Nine out of the 15 modules are selected for each group according to the common needs endorsed by participants on a needs assessment questionnaire. Each group consists of 4 adults and two facilitators who were graduate students in Speech Language Pathology or Educational Psychology. The intervention follows a Self-Determination Learning Model of Instruction (SDLMI) that considers the individual's strengths and needs in the development of personal goals and plans for one's future. A workbook is used to accompany each module with the aim of having the participants practice and generalize the main content messages.
(No Intervention)
Participant assigned to waiting list for one session prior to receiving McGill Transition Support Program in following session

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in Social problem-solving task (Channon & Crawford, 2010)
time frame: 4-6 weeks prior to session, 4-6 weeks after session
Change in Arc's Self-Determination Scale (SDS; Wehmeyer & Kelchner, 1995)
time frame: 4-6 weeks prior to session, 4-6 weeks after session, and 12 month follow-up post-Program
Change in Quality of Life Questionnaire (Shalock & Keith, 1993)
time frame: 4-6 weeks prior to session, abridged version: 4-6 weeks after session and 12 month follow-up post-Program

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Curriculum-specific workbook questions
time frame: every week for 9 weeks at the end of group intervention meetings
Participant Program Evaluation Survey (Flanagan & Nadig, 2012)
time frame: 4-6 weeks after Program and 12 month follow-up post-Program
Parent Program Evaluation Survey (Flanagan & Nadig, 2012)
time frame: 4-6 weeks after Program
Questionnaire on vocational, educational and living situation outcomes
time frame: 12 month follow-up post-Program
Communication task (Nadig, Vivanti, & Ozonoff, 2009)
time frame: 4-6 weeks prior to session, 4-6 weeks after session

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 30 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - proficient and able to communicate in English - between the ages of 18 and 30 years upon entering the study - ASD classification according to scores on either or both the Social Communication Questionnaire-Lifetime (SCQ) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2, Module 4 revised algorithm) - Either or both non-verbal IQ, assessed by Raven's Progressive Matrices, or verbal IQ assessed by Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of Intelligence, verbal subtests, in the normal range Exclusion Criteria: - current enrollment in another similar transition support service, that is, a group-format service that has the goals of improving the areas of social interaction and communication, self-determination and advocacy, and working with others skills

Additional Information

Official title A Service Delivery Model to Better Support Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Transition From School to the Community
Principal investigator Aparna Nadig, Ph.D.
Description The difficulties characterizing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often associated with childhood; however, ASD is a lifespan diagnosis that continues to impact opportunities in the community. There is currently a very significant gap in support services for young adults with ASDs that has grave consequences both for individuals and their families in terms of vocational success and social inclusion and for society as a whole in terms of the financial burden of long-term adult care. Individuals on the higher end of the autism spectrum do not have intellectual disability and possess good language skills. Yet they often show significant difficulty with applying their skills during demanding social interactions, which is detrimental to their ability to form relationships and navigate interactions in the workplace. In the few studies of outcomes of adults with ASD it is reported that fewer than 5% of adults at the highest end of the spectrum were living independently and only 12% were employed viably. This underscores the tremendous need for targeted services for young adults with ASD without intellectual disability. The McGill Transition Support Program was developed to target participants' self-expressed needs in communication, self-determination and working with others skills, which have been associated with better quality of life. Besides the intake, pre- and post-program measures sessions, the participants, aged 18 - 30 years, take part in ten 2-hour group meetings. The study design has been termed a "staggered enrollment trial", that is participants were randomly assigned to take part in the program in the next available cycle or to the waiting list for a subsequent cycle. Pre- and post-program assessment include social problem solving stories, quality of life and self-determination measures, a communication task and a needs and skills questionnaire.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by McGill University.