Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab to That of Calcineurin Inhibitors in Children With Steroid Dependent Nephrotic Syndrome
This trial has been completed.
|Sponsor||Nilratan Sircar Medical College|
|Start date||May 2015|
|End date||August 2016|
|Trial size||120 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02438982, CTRI/2014/01/004355, pednephro RCT/PM/NRSMCH-54|
Nephrotic syndrome in children is primarily caused by minimal change disease. Majority of these patients respond well to corticosteroids. However, as many as 70% of children with nephrotic syndrome experience at least one relapse, and 30% develop a more complicated course with frequent relapses (FRNS)(≥2 relapses/ 6 months) with or without steroid dependency (SDNS)(relapse during tapering or within 2 weeks after discontinuation of corticosteroids). Repeated and prolonged courses of steroids in these children often result in long-term complications. The goal of the treatment is to reduce the rate of relapses, the cumulative dose of corticosteroids, and the incidence of serious complications. In order to minimize the side effects of steroid therapy, different steroid sparing agents such as cyclophosphamide, calcineurin inhibitors(CNI), levamisole, and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) have been used in SDNS. Whereas CNI are usually considered the steroid sparing drug class of first choice, rituximab is increasingly used as alternative to minimize CNI toxicity. Various prospective studies suggest that Rituximab, a B cell depleting monoclonal antibody, could be a safe and effective alternative to steroid or immunosuppressants to achieve and maintain remission in this population.Single rituximab course have been shown to be efficacious for 6 to 12 months and the side effect profile observed to date is very benign. Studies comparing the usefulness of these agents are lacking. In our proposed randomized controlled trial, the investigators want to compare the efficacy and safety of CNI to that of Rituximab in treating children with SDNS.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
12-month relapse-free survival
time frame: 12-month
All participants from 3 years up to 16 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Children between 3 and 16 years with SDNS - Minimal Change disease/FSGS/MesPGN/ as per Kidney Biopsy report. - Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >80 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at study entry. - Remission at study entry (trace or nil proteinuria, as determined by the dipstick test or <100 mg/dl for at least 3 days). - Not received any steroid sparing agent previously. - Parents willing to give informed written consent. - Ability to swallow tablet Exclusion Criteria: - Known etiology (e.g., lupus erythematosus, IgA nephropathy, amyloidosis, malignancy, other secondary forms of NS) - Patients with severe leucopenia (leucocytes <3.0× 1000 cells/mm3), severe anemia (haemoglobin <8.9 g/dl), thrombocytopenia (platelet <100.0 × 1000 cells/mm3) or deranged liver function tests (AST or ALT to >50 IU/L ) at enrolment. - Known active chronic infection (tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B or C) Live vaccination within 1 mo
|Official title||Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab to That of Calcineurin Inhibitors in Children With Steroid Dependent Nephrotic Syndrome|
|Principal investigator||Biswanath Basu|
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