Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition influenza
Treatments inactivated influenza vaccine, placebo
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Mark Prausnitz
Collaborator Emory University
Start date June 2015
End date March 2016
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT02438423, 2015 TIV-MNP

Summary

Title: A Phase I Study of The Safety, Reactogenicity, Acceptability and Immunogenicity of Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Delivered either by Microneedle Patch or by Hypodermic Needle.

This is a single center, partially blinded, randomized phase I study in which healthy adult subjects (ages 18-49) will receive either inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) (either by microneedle patch or hypodermic needle) or placebo (by microneedle patch). This study is designed to investigate the safety, reactogenicity, acceptability and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (investigator)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) delivered by microneedle (MN) patch administered by study staff
inactivated influenza vaccine
Seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine FDA-approved for 2014-2015 influenza season
(Active Comparator)
Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) delivered by intramuscular (IM) injection administered by study staff
inactivated influenza vaccine
Seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine FDA-approved for 2014-2015 influenza season
(Experimental)
Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) delivered by microneedle (MN) patch self-administered by subject
inactivated influenza vaccine
Seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine FDA-approved for 2014-2015 influenza season
(Placebo Comparator)
Placebo delivered by microneedle patch administered by study staff
placebo

Primary Outcomes

Measure
To evaluate the safety and reactogenicity following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (either by staff or self-administered).
time frame: 180 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
To evaluate the HAI titers following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered either by microneedle patch or by hypodermic needle (both vaccines administered by study staff).
time frame: 28 days
To evaluate unsolicited adverse events following receipt of IIV delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered).
time frame: 28 days
To evaluate new-onset chronic illnesses (NOCI) following receipt of IIV delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered).
time frame: 180 days

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 49 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subject provides written informed consent prior to any study procedures being performed. 2. Subject is male or non-pregnant female between the ages of 18 and 49, inclusive, on the day of signing informed consent. 3. Subject is in good health as determined by vital signs, medical history and targeted physical examination 4. Women of childbearing potential must agree to practice abstinence from sexual intercourse with men or use acceptable contraception, initiated at least 30 days prior to the study vaccination throughout D180 in order to avoid pregnancy. 5. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test prior to administration of the study product. 6. Subject is able to understand and comply with required study procedures. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Subject has received a 2014-2015 seasonal influenza vaccine. 2. Subject with documented influenza infection during the 2014-2015 influenza season. 3. Subject has touched or handled a microneedle patch prior to study enrollment (excluding dermaroller-like devices). 4. Subject has a known allergy to eggs, egg or chicken protein or other components of the study product 5. Subject has a history of severe reactions following previous immunization with licensed influenza virus vaccines. 6. Subject has an acute illness with fever (temperature >100.4 °F) within 72 hours prior to vaccination. 7. Subject has a known chronic medical problem 8. Subject has known immunosuppression due to underlying illness or treatment 9. Subject has a scar, tattoo, rash or other dermatologic condition in the area of the vaccination site which will interfere with the assessment of injection site reactogenicity. 10. Subject has a history of keloid formation. 11. Subject has used long-term* high-dose** oral or parenteral glucocorticoids, or high-dose inhaled steroids***. - Long term is defined as taken for 2 weeks or more in total at any time during the past 2 months. - High dose defined as prednisone ≥ 20 mg total daily dose, or equivalent dose of other glucocorticoids. - High dose defined as > 800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent. If short term corticosteroids are given, then the subject should not receive study vaccination or have blood collected for immunogenicity studies within 1 week of steroid administration 12. Subject has a history of Guillain-Barre Syndrome. 13. Subject is pregnant, post-partum (<12 months after delivery), or breast feeding or plans to breastfeed during the study. 14. Alcohol or drug abuse and psychiatric conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude compliance with the trial or interpretation of safety or endpoint data. 15. Subject has any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, may put the subject at increased risk of harm, may cause the subject to be unable to meet the requirements or might otherwise interfere with evaluations required by the study. 16. Subject has received any experimental products within 30 days before study entry or plan to receive experimental products at any time during the study. 17. Subject has received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to study entry or plans to receive a live vaccine prior to Day 28 of the study. 18. Subject has received an inactivated vaccine within 14 days prior to study entry or plans to receive an inactivated vaccine prior to Day 28 of the study. 19. Subject has received immunoglobulin or blood products in the past 90 days or planned receipt at any time during the study. 20. Subject BMI >35 kg/m2. 21. Subject has a systolic blood pressure >160 or < 80 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >100 or < 60 mmHg. 22. Subject has a resting pulse rate < 50 bpm or >100 bpm. 23. Subject donated blood 56 days before screening OR will donate blood on or before day 28 of the study.

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Study of the Safety, Reactogenicity, Acceptability and Immunogenicity of Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Delivered by Microneedle Patch or by Hypodermic Needle
Principal investigator Nadine Rouphael, MD
Description Title: A Phase I Study of The Safety, Reactogenicity, Acceptability and Immunogenicity of Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Delivered either by Microneedle Patch or by Hypodermic Needle. Population: healthy adults, 18-49 years inclusive Number of Sites: One Study Duration: 12 months Subject Duration: 6 months Objectives: Primary: To evaluate the safety and reactogenicity following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (either by staff or self-administered). Secondary: To evaluate the HAI titers following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered either by microneedle patch or by hypodermic needle (both vaccines administered by study staff). To evaluate unsolicited adverse events following receipt of IIV delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered). To evaluate new-onset chronic illnesses (NOCI) following receipt of IIV delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered). Exploratory: To evaluate microneutralizing antibody titers following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered either by microneedle patch or by hypodermic needle (both vaccines administered by study staff). To evaluate HAI +/- microneutralization and ELISA titers following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self- administered) and compare to inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by hypodermic needle (administered by study staff). To evaluate HAI +/- microneutralization and ELISA titers following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff) and compare to inactivated Influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (self-administered). To evaluate T follicular helper cells following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered) and compare to inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by hypodermic needle (administered by study staff). To evaluate innate immunity signatures by microarrays following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered) and compare to inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by hypodermic needle (administered by study staff). To evaluate B memory cells, CD4 and CD8 central memory and effector T cells, intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) for interferon-gamma and interleukin-4, cross reactive T cells following receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self- administered) and compare to inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by hypodermic needle (administered by study staff). To evaluate the acceptability of inactivated Influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch (administered by study staff or self-administered) and compare to inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by hypodermic needle (administered by study staff). Schematic of Study Design: This is a single center, partially blinded, randomized phase I study in which healthy adult subjects (ages 18-49) will receive either inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) (either by microneedle patch or hypodermic needle) or placebo (by microneedle patch). This study is designed to investigate the safety, reactogenicity, acceptability and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch. A total of 100 subjects (25 subjects in each group) will be randomized to one of four groups as in the schematic of the study design below. Group A: Inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch administered by study staff Group B: Inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by intramuscular injection administered by study staff Group C: Inactivated influenza vaccine delivered by microneedle patch administered by subject Group D: Placebo delivered by microneedle patch and administered by study staff Each subject will have 6 clinic visits: D0, D2 (+1 day), D8 (+2 days), D28 (+/- 2 days), D56 (+/- 5 days), and D180( +/- 14 days). Blood draws will be obtained at 6 clinic visits to evaluate for immunogenicity (D0, D2 (+1 day) D8 (+ 2 days) - D28 (+/- 2 days), D56 (+/- 5 days), and D180 (+/- 14 days)) and at four clinic visits for safety (D0, D2 (+1 day), D8 (+2 days), and D28 (+/- 2 days)). Safety will be measured by the occurrence of solicited injection site and systemic reactogenicity on the day of study product administration through 7 days after, and serious adverse events (SAEs) and new-onset chronic medical conditions through 180 days after study product administration. Immunogenicity testing will include performing hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) +/- microneutralizing antibody assays as well as other adaptive immune assays on D0 prior to study product administration and at D8 (+2 days) , D28 (+/- 2 days), D56 (+/-5 days), and D180 (+/-14 days)) .
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Georgia Institute of Technology.