This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions exercise movement techniques, cardiac surgery
Treatments ergometer cycle exercise, routine physiotherapy
Sponsor University of Sao Paulo
Start date March 2015
End date June 2015
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT02437552, USP 2015-1


The prevalence of heart diseases has increased significantly in recent years and it is a health public problem due to an increased risk of death by several reasons. A cardiac surgery is an alternative of treatment for critical injuries heart valves and coronaries arteries. Changes in respiratory system resulting from cardiac surgery are well established and include a reduced functional capacity due post-surgical pain, causing increased respiratory function and increased oxygen consumption . The exercises with the cycle ergometer in phase I of cardiac rehabilitation can improve peripheral muscle strength, functional capacity and perception of dyspnea when used postoperatively and there are speculations if an earlier carried out can contribute to a better postoperative evolution of patients, but these benefits in phase I of the Rehabilitation Cardiac are not well defined in the literature. Objective: To evaluate the exercises effects with ergometer cycle in the postoperative course of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Method: Patients will be recruited the cardiac surgery service of Polyclinic Pato Branco in the city of Pato Branco in state of Paraná, of both sexes, appropriate for the inclusion criteria, which will be evaluated by pulmonary function tests (strength of respiratory muscles, submaximal exercise test, dyspnea scales, laboratories tests and radiological exam). All patients will be randomly assigned for one of two groups: the control group (Conventional treatment) and rehabilitation group (conventional treatment +cycle ergometer), for about 7 days at postoperative period. Patients will be reevaluated on the third postoperative day and at discharge. Clinical evolution data will be collected from the records and notes of the medical staff and monitoring physiotherapist.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
(Placebo Comparator)
Are patients who carry out the routine already established the Unit, consisting of the first post surgery, the patient lying down doing the breathing exercises, active exercises ends and active-assisted upper (UL) and lower limbs (LL),
routine physiotherapy
routine physiotherapy
(Active Comparator)
Are the patients who will carry out the exercises routine over the cycle ergometer twice daily from 3 PO for 5 minutes with its progressiveness at discharge for ward for 10 minutes
ergometer cycle exercise
routine physiotherapy
routine physiotherapy

Primary Outcomes

Change of six-minute walk test (6MMWT) distance
time frame: Before surgery ,third and seventh postoperative day

Secondary Outcomes

Change of spirometric values
time frame: Before surgery ,third and seventh postoperative day

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 30 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients undergoing cardiac surgery type Myocardial Revascularization and Exchange Mitral Valve Aortic, both sexes and aged between 30-75 years. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients undergoing surgical correction of heart disease congenital, aortic aneurysm and dissection of aorta; - Present disabling disease to accomplish what is proposed in study as previous stroke, mental or motor deficit, hearing loss, amputation of the lower limbs (unilateral or bilateral); - Present psychomotor agitation of immediate postoperative and first postoperative and history weaning failure in the immediate; - Instability hemodynamics and vasoactive drugs; - Present what other type of peri and postoperative complications; - Re-operation within 24 hrs.

Additional Information

Official title Cycle Ergometer Exercise in Phase I of Cardiac Rehabilitation After Cardiac Surgery
Description The research will be a randomized controlled clinical trial. The study will be conducted at the Polyclinic Pato Branco, in the city of Pato Branco Parana - Brazil and this study already approved by the Ethics Committee Clinical Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo and all participants sign the consent form informed. For the implementation of research wil be recruited patients heart surgery who fit the inclusion criteria and do not show any characteristics of the exclusion criteria, which agree to participate and sign the consent form free and informed. The equipment and tests are already included in routine admissions of patients, approved by the hospital and the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Sao Paulo.