Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions arthritis, rheumatoid, spondylarthropathies, arthritis, psoriatic, inflammatory arthritis
Treatments music therapy, music listening
Sponsor University of British Columbia
Collaborator Mary Pack Research Fund
Start date May 2015
End date January 2017
Trial size 13 participants
Trial identifier NCT02436785, H14-03446

Summary

Pain management is rated by patients with inflammatory arthritis as the highest priority in their disease treatment. Past research showed that music therapy is associated with reduced pain and depression. The purpose of this study is to better understand the effectiveness of music therapy for people with inflammatory arthritis. Participants will be randomly assigned to: 1) Music Therapy group facilitated by a music therapist, or 2) Music Listening group that listens to a relaxation CD (compact disc). Standardized tests will determine if participating in music therapy group helps reduce pain and depression, improve physical function and confidence levels in applying self-management strategies.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
The music therapy group will run for approximately an hour (twice a week) and will involve in-vivo relaxation where the live music is manipulated in terms of speed and intensity to bring on a state of relaxation. There will be a brief therapist-led discussion before and after the relaxation portion to increase a sense of group cohesion. Procedures that will be used are based on evidence-based practice for trained Music Therapists.
music therapy
In-vivo relaxation where the live music is manipulated in terms of speed and intensity to bring on a state of relaxation for approximately an hour. There will be a brief therapist-led discussion before and after the relaxation portion to increase a sense of group cohesion. Procedures that will be used are based on evidence-based practice for trained Music Therapists.
(Active Comparator)
The control group will also run for approximately an hour (twice a week) and will involve listening to relaxing music on a CD player.
music listening
Listening to relaxing music on a CD player for approximately an hour.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Pain Scale rating (on Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Rheumatoid Arthritis Self-efficacy Scale (RASE)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks
6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks
Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID-3)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks
Canadian Occupational Performance Measures (COPM)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)
time frame: after attending 8 Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions over 4 weeks
Pain Scale rating (on Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention
Rheumatoid Arthritis Self-efficacy Scale (RASE)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention
6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention
Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID-3)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention
Canadian Occupational Performance Measures (COPM)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)
time frame: one month after completion of intervention

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 16 years up to 85 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis 2. Admission to G F Strong Rehabilitation Center Arthritis Inpatient Program from the community or after joint replacement surgery 3. Between ages 16 and 85 years 4. Can speak, read and write in English Exclusion Criteria: 1. Self-reported hearing loss 2. Clinician judgement of being unable to follow directions

Additional Information

Official title Do Inflammatory Arthritis Inpatients Receiving Group Music Therapy Improve Pain Compared to Music Listening Over the 4 Weeks Using a Randomised Control Trial?
Principal investigator Katherine M Wright, MA
Description 1. Purpose: To better understand the effectiveness of music therapy for people with inflammatory arthritis. Determine if participating in a music therapy group facilitated by a music therapist helps reduce pain and depression, and improve physical function and self-efficacy. No optional studies are currently planned. 2. Hypothesis Participants in the Music Therapy group will report less pain than those in the Music Listening group after the intervention phase. Music Therapy will also be associated with improvement in secondary outcomes including physical functioning, self-efficacy, and depression. 3. Justification G F Strong Rehabilitation Center Arthritis Inpatient Program has an interdisciplinary approach to pain management: education, medical management, physiotherapy interventions such as exercises and use of physical agents (i.e. heat, cold, electrotherapy, ultrasound), occupational therapy intervention (i.e. activity modification and use of adaptive devices), and social work, dietician, psychology and pharmacy services. Current standard of care has limitations; it insufficiently addresses emotional aspects of chronic pain management. It also introduces relaxation strategies in a didactic module but does not provide training and opportunity to practice these strategies with the support of a health care professional. The Music Therapy intervention group is facilitated by a music therapist. Music therapists are trained to manipulate elements of music to achieve desired effects during music therapy interventions. These elements, such as beat, tempo (speed), or pitch level, can trigger adaptive neurophysiological, psychophysiological, emotional and behavioural responses. The Music Therapy group offers a chance to practice pain management and relaxation strategies, increase a sense of social cohesion and reduce a sense of isolation that individuals may experience when dealing with chronic pain. Participants in the control Music Listening group will listen to a relaxation CD. Past research showed that music therapy and music listening are associated with reduced pain intensity levels, increased functional mobility, and reduced depression. There was no clear research found on group music therapy's effectiveness on people with inflammatory arthritis. This feasibility study will help to better understand the effectiveness of music therapy for people with inflammatory arthritis. 4. Objectives Outcome measures to be collected include: - Category Rating Scale for Pain (from RAPID-3) - Rheumatoid Arthritis Self-efficacy Scale (RASE) - 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) - Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID-3) - Canadian Occupational Performance Measures (COPM) - Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) Data will be collected on three occasions: 1) time of enrollment, 2) after attending Music Therapy or Music Listening sessions, and 3) one month after completion of intervention. 5. Research Method - Target population: patients with inflammatory arthritis admitted to G F Strong Rehabilitation Center Inpatient Arthritis program - Sampling method: participants will be stratified into 4 groups and randomized using a 1:1 allocation ratio into 2 groups: Music Therapy and Music Listening. 40 patients are expected to enroll during recruiting time from April to September in 2015. - Research design: Parallel group feasibility randomized controlled trial with a dose-matched active comparator. 6. Statistical Analysis Statistical software such as R, Minitab and Cytel Studio will be used to create descriptive statistics such as means and standard deviations; medians and interquartile ranges, minima, and maxima. A CONSORT flow chart will be constructed to show any losses during the trial, and imputation methods will be used to study the impact of missingness on any of the estimates and conclusions. Statistical models for each outcome variable will be used to measure the effect of Music Therapy compared to Music Listening group. Model assumptions such as independence of observations, normality of residuals and homogeneity of variance to validate the statistical analyses will be conducted.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of British Columbia.