This trial has been completed.

Conditions child abuse, child maltreatment
Treatments trickle up, trickle up plus
Sponsor University of Chicago
Collaborator Trickle Up
Start date October 2014
End date December 2016
Trial size 720 participants
Trial identifier NCT02415933, IRB13-1481


This study tests the effects of family-based economic empowerment intervention, alone and in combination with child rights sensitization component, on child protective outcomes among ultra-poor families in Nord Region, Burkina Faso.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose prevention
Masking outcomes assessor
Economic empowerment
trickle up
Female caregivers (mothers) receive a package of interventions on economic empowerment and livelihood strengthening: Savings group formation and training for a group of 15-25 women which provides a place to save, take out emergency loans and builds community networks and social capital; Provision of seed grants to assist in business start-ups through microfinance loans; One-on-one mentoring and coaching on livelihood development, which is held on a bi-weekly or monthly basis; Trainings on financial planning and household livelihoods.
Economic empowerment + child rights sensitization
trickle up plus
In addition to the economic empowerment program for women (Trickle Up), all members of the household assigned to Trickle Up+ arm receive sensitization component on beliefs and knowledge related to protection of children from violence and exploitation. Training sessions are developed and delivered by a local organization, Aide aux Enfants et aux Familles Démunies (ADEFAD). Sessions involve all members of the household and focus on knowledge and cultural norms associated with child protective outcomes (e.g. the dangers of child separation such as sending children away for work, the importance of education for girls, risks of child and forced marriage).
(No Intervention)
Women in villages assigned to the control arm do not receive any intervention during the study period, but are placed on a wait-list to receive the intervention upon completion of the evaluation phase.

Primary Outcomes

Change in Child Protection
time frame: Baseline, 12 months, 24 months
Change in Exposure to Child Abuse
time frame: Baseline, 12 months, 24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Change in Child Mental Health
time frame: Baseline, 12 months, 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants from 10 years up to 15 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Households that meet the following eligibility criteria will be invited to participate in the study: 1. Household meets locally defined poverty criteria (classified as an ultrapoor household); 2. Mother or female caregiver of at least one child between the ages of 10 and 15. 3. Child is between the ages of 10 and 15. 4. Male head of household provides permission for his wife and child to participate in the study; 5. Eligible child and female caregiver/parent can commit to study participation. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Household doesn't meet locally defined poverty criteria (classified as an ultrapoor household); 2. Mother or female caregiver doesn't have at least one child between the ages of 10 and 15. 3. Child is not between the ages of 10 and 15. 4. Male head of household does not provide permission for his wife and child to participate in the study; 5. Eligible child or mother/female caregiver cannot commit to study participation. Participants are also excluded from participation in the study if the child or the parent is assessed to have a cognitive impairment that would interfere with their ability to provide informed consent and participate in the study.

Additional Information

Official title Evaluating Child Protective Effects of Economic Strengthening and Child Rights Interventions Among Ultra-poor Families in Burkina Faso
Principal investigator Leyla Ismayilova, PhD
Description This study evaluates a combined economic empowerment and child rights intervention to prevent violence against children and exploitation of children in ultra-poor communities in Burkina Faso. This evaluation study takes place in the Nord Region of Burkina Faso which is located in the Sahel Desert on the border to Mali. The Nord Region is characterized by extreme poverty and an ongoing food and nutrition crisis due to cyclical droughts. Extreme poverty heightens risks of violence and exploitation of children, particularly girls, who may end up in the worst forms of child labor as defined by the UN (e.g., slavery, debt bondage, forced or hazardous work in gold mines, cotton fields, or plantations in the Ivory Coast or in the South of Burkina Faso, involving physical deprivation and violence). About 1.25 million (or 37.8%) of children ages 5-14 in Burkina Faso are working to augment the incomes of their families, or because their families are too poor to support them. Adolescent girls being sent away to work as maids, facing risks of sexual exploitation and abuse. Boys being sent to religious schools madrassas, where they are made to do unpaid and/or hazardous work including begging in the street, and are subject to physical abuse. The study employs a 3-arm cluster (group) randomized control trial design with baseline and one-year follow-up and includes 360 households (120 households per arm). Each selected household includes a female primary caregiver with a child between the ages of 10-15 who is also able to participate in the evaluation study. The study evaluates the efficacy of an economic empowerment program (Trickle Up) and a combination economic empowerment and child rights sensitization program (Trickle Up Plus) to prevent child separation and potential subsequent exposure to exploitation, abuse, and hazardous working conditions among children. Randomization occurred at the village level to assign households to three study arms: Trickle Up, Trickle Up Plus or the wait-list condition which serves as the control arm. Participants were recruited from 12 impoverished comparable villages that were selected based on socio-economic status (poverty ranking and food insecurity), geography, population size, and distance from urban center. Within these communities, families living in ultra-poverty were identified using a Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR) exercise. The evaluation study is implemented in partnership with the Trickle Up organization, Women's Refugee Council (WRC), and Aide aux Enfants et aux Families Démunies (ADEFAD).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Chicago.