A Phase I Clinical Trial of DARC
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||glaucoma, ocular hypertension, glaucoma, suspect|
|Sponsor||University College, London|
|Start date||May 2015|
|End date||November 2015|
|Trial size||16 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02394613, 08/0351, 2014-002504-25|
Glaucoma is a major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, caused by retinal nerve cell (RGC) death. This is currently identified only after significant vision loss has already occurred with an early event in, and a potential marker of, this process being RGC "apoptosis" (a form of cell death).
This study aims to investigate the tolerability and safety of ANX776, as part of the new Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells (DARC) technique. This has been developed by the laboratory of DARC IP holder and grant applicant: Prof. M. Francesca Cordeiro. A secondary aim is to initially establish the ability of DARC to identify RGC apoptosis in the diagnosis of glaucoma in healthy and progressive glaucoma/glaucoma-suspect/ocular hypertensive patients. As a positive control for this secondary aim of this study, patients with Non-arteritic Anterior Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION) will be recruited.
During the study, each patient will undergo several ophthalmological examinations, imaging of the back of the eye using established clinical devices, and blood sampling for studying the safety and toxicology profile of ANX776.
The understanding of the safety profile of ANX776 is crucial for the use of DARC in patients, and its application as a potentially powerful new clinical tool with which to identify patients with early glaucoma before their vision is lost. If successful, it opens the door to directly observing effects of glaucoma treatments, including the assessment of new, breakthrough therapies.
|Endpoint classification||safety study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Safety of ANX776 as defined by the number and nature of adverse events
time frame: 24 hours
time frame: 6 hours
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria All patients - ≥ 18 years - Clear optical media in the studied eye - No ocular or systemic disease (except glaucoma in the test group) - Refractive error not higher than spherical equivalent of 6D; best corrected visual acuity ≥ 6/24 at qualification - Proven ability to perform reliable visual field testing (HFA 640, central 24−2 program) to yield full thresholds, and have had good fundoscopy with assessment of the optic disc - Willing and able to comply with the scheduled visits and assessments. Informed Consent Form personally (or by legal representative) signed and dated - Women Not of Childbearing Potential (postmenopausal or permanently sterilised) - Male participants agree to double barrier contraception from consent until 6 weeks after treatment discontinuation GLAUCOMA patients • Show progression in any measured parameter; have at least one eye with a diagnosis of glaucoma (abnormal optic disc, visual field defect or both); be diagnosed as a glaucoma suspect or ocular hypertensive (elevated Intraocular Pressure (IOP)) NORMAL subjects - No evidence of any glaucomatous process (either optic disc, Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer (RNFL) of visual field abnormalities with normal IOPs) - Must provide a GP letter confirming their medical history GLAUCOMA & NORMAL patients • Have performed at least 3 Visual Field tests, Heidelberg Retinal Tomography (HRT), and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) before or during Visit-1 POSITIVE CONTROL patients - Diagnosis of acute unilateral NAION in the first eye within 15 days of onset of symptoms - Snellen test (or equivalent) Visual acuity below 6/12 in the affected eye - Visual field defect and relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) - Normal motility of the pupillary sphincter muscle - Normal macula - Completion of 1 Visual field test, OCT and HRT examination at Visit-1 Exclusion criteria All patients - Terminal or mental illness, dementia, inability to comply with the study or follow-up procedures - Presence of ocular or systemic uncontrolled disease (unless deemed not clinically significant by Chief Investigator and Sponsor), except glaucoma in the test group - Central corneal thickness <450µm or >650µm - History of current or severe, unstable or uncontrolled systemic disease (unless deemed not clinically significant by Chief Investigator and Sponsor) - Body weight <40kg or >120kg - Evidence of another chronic neurodegenerative condition - Patients with active antiphospholipid syndrome or with diagnosis of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies - History of clotting diseases (including Deep Vein Thromboses), subjects taking anticoagulants - Diagnosis of thrombocytopenia, heart valve disease, and livedo reticularis - Pregnancy or lactation - Allergy to any study medication ingredient - Inclusion in a clinical trial of an IMP within 12 weeks prior to study entry - Ocular surgery within the past 3 months in the study eye - History of retinal laser photocoagulation - Media opacities or retinal pathology or amblyopia significantly limiting visual acuity, visual field test or retinal imaging - Expected need for ocular surgery during the study - Severe or acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that, in the opinion of the Chief Investigator, makes the subject inappropriate for the study GLAUCOMA patients - Uncontrolled IOP >24 mmHg - Angle closure/narrow glaucoma - Mean deviation at Humphrey Visual Field (HVF) >12dB - Unilateral glaucoma - Secondary glaucoma NORMAL subjects - History of systemic vasculitis, collagenosis or ongoing treatment of cancer - Active uveitis - Evidence of previous retinal vascular disease NORMAL & POSITIVE CONTROL subjects • History or evidence of glaucoma (fundoscopy and Visual Field) or clinical suspicion of glaucoma on presentation or IOP ≥ 24 mmHg in either eye at any time POSITIVE CONTROL patients - Any other aetiology to explain optic nerve disease - Evidence of giant cell arteritis (history, sedimentation rate) - Evidence for other optic neuropathy (even fellow eye) or multiple sclerosis (history, clinical examination) - History of other optic neuropathies - History of NAION in the same eye - Active/recurrent ocular inflammation that may prevent retinal imaging
|Official title||A Phase I, Storer Design, Open-label, Cross-sectional, Single Site Trial of ANX776 in Healthy Volunteers, Progressive Glaucoma/Glaucoma-suspect/Ocular Hypertensive Subjects and Non-arteritic Anterior Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy Subjects|
|Principal investigator||Philip Bloom, MB ChB FRCS|
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