Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition brain concussion
Treatment medx health console model 1100
Sponsor Boston Children’s Hospital
Collaborator United States Department of Defense
Start date September 2012
End date May 2016
Trial size 48 participants
Trial identifier NCT02383472, IRB-P00002527

Summary

A double blind randomized trial of light-emitting diode (LED) therapy for patients suffering from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Patients seen in the Sports Concussion Clinic with cognitive symptoms lasting for greater than 4 weeks will be randomized to either placebo therapy (controls) or treatment with LED therapy (cases). Both cases and controls would complete post-concussion symptom scales Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS), and ImPACT studies on entry into the study and at weeks 3 and 6, or earlier if their symptoms resolve before the end of the 6 week period.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
The treatment group will receive LED treatments over 6 weeks, 3 times per week, totaling 18 visits. All treatments will take place at Boston Children's Hospital. The cluster heads are applied to frontal, parietal, and temporal areas. Each cluster head is applied to the forehead/scalp areas for up to 10 minutes. There will be two 10-minute LED/placebo treatment periods per visit, each with different cluster head placements on the head/scalp.
medx health console model 1100 MedX LCT 100 & Duolight
The placebo machine is identical in appearance as the treatment machine; It vibrates, warms, and does everything the treatment machine does except it does not have LED lights on the marker, therefore it cannot emit light. Subjects enrolled in the placebo group will be on the same schedule as the treatment group. They will have two, 10 minute treatments, three times a week totaling 18 visits. The placebo allows the researchers to isolate the effect of the study treatment. If patient's in the LED treatment group fare significantly better than those in the placebo treatment group, the study helps support the conclusion that the LED therapy is effective.
(Placebo Comparator)
Subjects enrolled in the placebo group will be on the same schedule as the treatment group. The placebo group will receive LED placebo over 6 weeks, 3 times per week, totaling 18 visits. All placebo patients will take place at Boston Children's Hospital. The cluster heads are applied to frontal, parietal, and temporal areas. Each cluster head is applied to the forehead/scalp areas for up to 10 minutes. There will be two 10-minute LED/placebo treatment periods per visit, each with different cluster head placements on the head/scalp.
medx health console model 1100 MedX LCT 100 & Duolight
The placebo machine is identical in appearance as the treatment machine; It vibrates, warms, and does everything the treatment machine does except it does not have LED lights on the marker, therefore it cannot emit light. Subjects enrolled in the placebo group will be on the same schedule as the treatment group. They will have two, 10 minute treatments, three times a week totaling 18 visits. The placebo allows the researchers to isolate the effect of the study treatment. If patient's in the LED treatment group fare significantly better than those in the placebo treatment group, the study helps support the conclusion that the LED therapy is effective.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
ImPACT Score mean difference
time frame: 6 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Means total post concussion symptom scale score
time frame: 3 to 6 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 11 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients 11 years old or greater - Diagnosed with a concussion whose symptoms have persisted for more than 4 weeks - Total score on the cognitive components of the post-concussion symptom scale exceeds 9, or if they have a composite score on any one of the 4 main outputs of the computerized neurocognitive assessment: Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) that is below the 90th percentile for their age. Exclusion Criteria: - Clinically indicated imaging has been obtained where a hemorrhage is demonstrated - Being considered for an alternate diagnosis (other than concussion) - Have a pre-injury diagnosis of any of the following: depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, other psychiatric disorder - Taking any of the following medications: amantadine, , amphetamine, atomoxetine

Additional Information

Official title Transcranial LED Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Principal investigator William P Meehan, MD
Description Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), results from a rotational acceleration of the brain. The biomechanical forces which cause concussion lead to the opening of ion channels within the neuronal cell membranes, allowing for a massive influx of sodium and efflux of potassium. This results in a spreading depression type of phenomenon, leading to the depolarization of neurons diffusely throughout the brain.19 In order to restore the homeostatic ion gradients across the membrane, the sodium-potassium pumps require increasing amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Thus, there is an increased need for ATP after concussion. ATP is supplied by the glycolysis of glucose from the blood stream. Both experimental models of concussion and human studies, however, show decreased cerebral blood flow after the initial response to injury. Thus, there is an increased demand for ATP after concussion; but a diminished supply of glucose to meet the demand. The absorption of light in the red/near infrared wavelength spectrum by cytochrome C oxidase increases ATP synthesis. Thus, by increasing ATP synthesis, red/near infrared LEDs can treat the underlying pathophysiological cause of concussion symptoms. If successful, this would be the first therapy to directly treat the underlying pathophysiology of concussion.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Boston Children’s Hospital.