This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition change of gastric ph
Treatments water, caffeine, caffein + homoeriodictyol sodium salt, homoeriodictyol sodium salt
Sponsor University of Vienna
Start date September 2013
End date April 2015
Trial size 25 participants
Trial identifier NCT02372188, GAS-14


The purpose of this study is to elucidate whether bitter taste induced by the bitter compound caffeine and the reduction of bitter taste by addition of the bitter masking compound Homoeriodictyol sodium salt (HED) influence gastric acid secretion, subjective feelings of hunger, ad libitum food intake and satiating hormones in healthy volunteers.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose basic science
125 mL water are administered during or before gastric pH measurement
150 mg Caffeine and 125 mL water are administered during or before gastric pH measurement
150 mg Caffeine + 30 mg homoeriodictyol sodium salt and 125 mL water are administered during or before gastric pH measurement
caffein + homoeriodictyol sodium salt
30 mg homoeriodictyol sodium salt and 125 mL water are administered during the gastric pH measurement
homoeriodictyol sodium salt

Primary Outcomes

Change of the intragastral pH determined by the Heidelberg Detection system
time frame: recorded over a time period from 1 - 60 min

Secondary Outcomes

Change of plasma levels of Serotonin, Ghrelin, PYY and GLP-1
time frame: Plasma are taken at two time points before and after the gastric pH measurement during a time period between 15 - 60 min
Food intake
time frame: after the gastric pH measurement on each testing day the subjects are served an ad libitum breakfast, and they have an open time frame how long they want to eat, max. 1 hour is anticipated
subjective feelings of hunger are recorded by means of visual analog scales (VAS)
time frame: subjects are asked to fill the VAS out immediately before and after the gastric pH measurement, max. 2 min is anticipated

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 35 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - good general state of health - sensorically untrained - BMI: 19 - 26 kg/m2 Exclusion Criteria: - gastro-intestinal disease or discomfort, - metabolic diseases, - H.pylori infection, - smoking, - increased sensibility towards caffeine, - intake of antibiotics in the last 2 months, - medication except for oral contraceptives, - drug- or alcohol-abuse, - heart disease, high blood pressure, - pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title Effect of Caffeine With and Without a Bitter Masking Compound on Gastric pH, Taking Into Account the Effect on Satiety Hormones in Blood Plasma and on Food Intake
Principal investigator Veronika Somoza, Prof. PhD
Description The influence of 125 mL water, 150 mg caffeine/125 mL water, 30 mg HED/125 mL water or the combination of 150 mg caffeine + 30 mg HED/125 mL water on the gastric pH on different test days was investigated. Prior to the intervention, the trial subjects had to fast from food and liquid for 10 h, except for 200 mL of tap water that were allowed during this time period. During the experiment, the subjects remained in a supine left-sided position. For the non-invasive measurement of the gastric pH, the Heidelberg Detection System (Heidelberg Medical Inc., USA) was used which has been successfully used in our working group. This system consists of a pH-sensitive capsule (called a Heidelberg capsule), with a length of 2 cm, that has to be swallowed and contains a miniature radio transmitter. This system allows the detection of the actual gastric pH of the volunteer over a specific time period [Liszt et al 2012, Rubach et al. 2014]. Prior to each test, Heidelberg capsules were activated for 5 min in a 0.9% sterile NaCl solution and calibrated using two calibration points, pH 1 and 7. Afterward, the subjects swallowed the capsule lay down on the left side. The capsule sends a signal to a transceiver, which has to be placed on the abdomen of the volunteer. The transceiver sends the signal to the recorder connected to a computer. The data can be collected and shown as a gastrogram on the computer screen, where the pH is drawn over time. When the intragastric pH was constant between pH 0.5 and 2.5 for at least 3 min, the capsule was considered to be in the stomach. Afterward, each trial started with the administration of 5 mL of a saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (NaHCO3). This alkaline challenge triggers a rise in gastric pH between around pH 6 to 7 and subsequently leads to the secretion of stomach acid by the parietal cells. The test solutions were administered 5 minutes after or 30 min before the alkaline challenge. Reacidification time as well as the time until start of the reacidification has been analyzed. Ratings of hunger were assessed before and after each gastric pH measurement by means of visual analog scales (VAS). Before and after each intervention blood samples were drawn to quantify satiety hormones (ghrelin, PYY, GLP-1, serotonin). Ad libitum energy and macronutrient intakes from a standardized breakfast served after each treatment were calculated.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Vienna.