Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hepatitis b, chronic
Treatments entecavir, interferon alfa-2b, interleukin 2, hepatitis b vaccine
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Tongji Hospital
Collaborator Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd.
Start date April 2014
End date December 2016
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT02360592, Endeavor study, a pilot study

Summary

This study is a multi-center, randomized, prospective, open-label Phase IV Clinical trial to evaluate efficacy and safety of interferon alfa-2b therapy combinated with interleukin 2 and hepatitis B therapeutic vaccine versus interferon alfa-2b alone in chronic hepatitis B patients with entecavir achieving HBeAg seroclearance. Patients were randomized to one of 3 groups to receive different antiviral treatment.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Entecavir 0.5 mg po daily for 72 weeks
entecavir ETV
In arm 1, Entecavir is used for 48 weeks and the follow up 24 weeks as conventional control, In arm 2 and 3, Entecavir is used for 8 weeks.
(Experimental)
Interferon alfa-2b 600wIU qod iH for 48 weeks plus Entecavir 0.5mg qd po for 8 weeks
entecavir ETV
In arm 1, Entecavir is used for 48 weeks and the follow up 24 weeks as conventional control, In arm 2 and 3, Entecavir is used for 8 weeks.
interferon alfa-2b IFN a-2b
In arm 2 and 3, interferon alfa-2b is used for 48 weeks
(Experimental)
Interferon alfa-2b 600wIU qod iH for 48 weeks plus Entecavir 0.5mg qd po for 8 weeks plus interleukin 2 25 wIU qod iH for 12 weeks plus Hepatitis B Vaccine 60ug qm im for 48 weeks
entecavir ETV
In arm 1, Entecavir is used for 48 weeks and the follow up 24 weeks as conventional control, In arm 2 and 3, Entecavir is used for 8 weeks.
interferon alfa-2b IFN a-2b
In arm 2 and 3, interferon alfa-2b is used for 48 weeks
interleukin 2 IL-2
In arm 3, Interleukin 2 is used for 12 weeks
hepatitis b vaccine
In arm 3, Hepatitis B Vaccine is used for 48 weeks

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Percentage of HBsAg loss at week 48
time frame: week 48

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
decline from baseline in HBsAg quantification at week 48
time frame: week 48
Change from baseline in HBsAg seroconversion at week 48
time frame: week 48

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male and female patients from 18 to 65 years of age; 2. Undergoing treatment with entecavir for at least 1 year ; 3. HBsAg(+), HBeAg(+), HBV DNA≥ 100000 copies/ml,ALT≥2 ULN and ≤10 ULN before receiving entecavir treatment; 4. HBV DNA ≤1000 copies/mL; 5. HBeAg (-); 6. HBsAg (+); 7. Negative urine or serum pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential) documented within the 24-hour period prior to the first dose of test drug; 8. Liver biopsy confirmed without cirrhosis (optional); 9. Agree to participate in the study and sign the patient informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who had NAs resistance; 2. Other antiviral, anti-neoplastic or immunomodulatory treatment (including supra physiologic doses of steroids and radiation) 6 months prior to the first dose of randomized treatment (except for 7 days of acyclovir for herpetic lesions more than 1 month prior to first administration of randomized treatment). Patients who are expected to need systemic antiviral therapy other than that provided by the study at any time during their participation are also excluded; 3. Women with ongoing pregnancy or breast-feeding; 4. Co-infection with active hepatitis A, hepatitis C, hepatitis D(Those hospitals which have the ability to do the test will do) and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); 5. ALT >10 ULN; 6. Evidence of decompensated liver disease (Child-Pugh score > 5 ). Child-Pugh > 5 means, if one of the following 6 conditions are met, the patient has to be excluded: a. Serum albumin < 3.5 g/L; b. Prothrombin time > 3 seconds prolonged; c. Serum bilirubin > 34 μ mol/L; d. History of encephalopathy; e. History of variceal bleeding; f. Ascites; 7. History or other evidence of a medical condition associated with chronic liver disease other than viral hepatitis (e.g., hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, metabolic liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, toxin exposures, thalassemia); 8. Signs or symptoms of hepatocellular carcinoma, patients with a value of alpha-fetoprotein > 100 ng/mL are excluded, unless stability (less than 10% increase) has been documented over at least the previous 3 months. Patients with values < 20 ng/mL but > 100 ng/mL may be enrolled, if hepatic neoplasia has been excluded by liver imaging; 9. Neutrophil count < 1500 cells/mm3 or platelet count <90,000 cells/mm3 at screening; 10. Hemoglobin < 11.5 g/dL for females and <12.5 g/dL for men; 11. Serum creatinine level > 1.5 ULN in screening period. 12. Phosphorus < 0.65 mmol/L; 13. ANA > 1:100; 14. History of severe psychiatric disease, especially depression. Severe psychiatric disease is defined as treatment with an antidepressant medication or a major tranquilizer at herapeutic doses for major depression or psychosis, respectively, for at least 3 months at any previous time or any history of the following: a suicidal attempt hospitalization for psychiatric disease, or a period of disability due to a psychiatric disease; 15. History of a severe seizure disorder or current anticonvulsant use; 16. History of immunologically mediated disease, (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis etc.); 17. History of chronic pulmonary disease associated with functional limitation; 18. Diseases that IFN and Nucleotides or nucleosides are not suitable.

Additional Information

Official title Combination Therapy of Interferon Alfa-2b Plus Interleukin 2 and Hepatitis B Vaccine in Entecavir-experienced Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With HBeAg Seroclearance: a Prospective, Randomized Open-label Trial (Endeavor Study, a Pilot Study)
Principal investigator Qin Ning, Ph.D. M.D.
Description Patients who have been pretreated with entecavir for at least one year, with HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) DNA less than 1000 copies/ml and HBeAg seroclearance were randomized to one of 3 groups, to receive Entecavir 0.5 mg po daily for 72 weeks, or Interferon alfa-2b 600wIU qod iH for 48 weeks plus Entecavir 0.5mg qd po for 8 weeks, or Interferon alfa-2b 600wIU qod iH for 48 weeks plus Entecavir 0.5mg qd po for 8 weeks plus interleukin 2 25 wIU qod iH for 12 weeks plus Hepatitis B Vaccine 60ug qm im for 48 weeks.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Tongji Hospital.