This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition chronic kidney disease
Treatment functional electrical stimulation
Sponsor Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre
Collaborator Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre
Start date May 2014
End date August 2014
Trial size 21 participants
Trial identifier NCT02336776, FESCKD


Chronic kidney disease is a renal injury and progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function and in its most advanced stage is called chronic renal failure.

Although hemodialysis replace some kidney function, patients suffer some alterations characterized by "uremic syndrome" typically expressed by: motor neuropathy and/or autonomic neuropathy, cardiac or musculoskeletal myopathies, peripheral vascular changes, among others. Thereby, the the adoption of physical exercise should be encouraged. However, it is known that the ability to exercise the subject in hemodialysis is low and keeping in mind the weakness of the muscular system in these individuals, the aim of this study is to assess the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on muscle architecture of patients with chronic kidney disease hemodialysis.

For this the following assessments will be performed before and after stimulation: ultrasonography to assess muscle architecture; six-minute walk test to functional capacity; Kidney Disease and Quality of Life - Short Form questionnaire for quality of life; sit and stand test for resistance of the lower limbs; dynamometric by load cell for muscle strength of the lower limbs; flow-mediated dilatation to endothelial function; blood collection for analysis of inflammatory markers and DNA damage.

The subjects will be randomized into two groups, FESG (functional electrical stimulation group) and CG (control group). The first will receive the FES in the quadriceps muscle of both thighs, for eight weeks, three times a week during hemodialysis session. While the control group only will be evaluated and re-evaluated.

Expected results at the end of the protocol with FES are: increased quadriceps muscle thickness; longest distance covered on the six-minute walk test; improved quality of life; increase in resistance of the lower limbs; increased muscle strength of the lower limbs; improved endothelial function; improved inflammatory status and DNA damage.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Functional electrical stimulation: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20s time off, intensity as patient tolerance, total session time ranged from 20 to 34 minutes.
functional electrical stimulation FES
Functional electrical stimulation will be applied through self adhesive electrodes on the quadriceps muscle of both thighs, and these will be positioned at 60° of flexion and contained by a band for that exercise happen isometric form. Parameter settings in the electrical stimulator are as follows: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20 s time off, intensity according to the patient's tolerance but enough to cause visible muscle contraction. The total time of each session starts at twenty minutes and is increased every week a total thirty-four minutes at the end of the eighth week. Intervention will be held three times a week for eight weeks and during hemodialysis session.
(No Intervention)
The patients in this group were evaluated at baseline and reassessed after eight weeks of follow-up.

Primary Outcomes

Functional capacity
time frame: Eight weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Muscle architecture
time frame: Eight weeks
Muscle strength of the lower limbs
time frame: Four and eight weeks
Endurance of the lower limbs
time frame: Four and eight weeks
Endothelial function
time frame: Eight weeks
Inflammatory profile
time frame: Four and eight weeks
DNA damage
time frame: Four and eight weeks
Quality of Life
time frame: Eight weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis for more than 3 months; - Clearance of urea during hemodialysis (Kt/V ≥ 1.2). Exclusion Criteria: - Cognitive impairment that prevents conducting evaluations, as well as inability to understand and sign the informed consent form; - Epidermal lesions at the site of application and/or intolerance stimulator and/or skin sensitivity change; - Patients with recent sequel of stroke; - Disabling musculoskeletal disease; - Uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic blood pressure > 230 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure > 120 mmHg); - Grade IV heart failure (NYHA) or decompensated; - Uncontrolled diabetes (blood glucose > 300 mg/dL); - Unstable angina; - Fever and/or infectious disease; - Recent acute myocardial infarction (two months); - Active smokers; Peripheral vascular disease in the lower limbs as deep vein thrombosis or obliterates thromboangiitis.

Additional Information

Official title Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Muscle Architecture of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: Randomized Clinical Trial
Principal investigator Rodrigo DM Plentz, PhD
Description The research will be developed in the hemodialysis unit of the Santa Clara hospital of Santa Casa de Misericordia de Porto Alegre. After the selection of patients for eligibility criteria they will be randomized into functional electrical stimulation group or control group. First all patients will be evaluated, and subsequently the patients in the functional electrical stimulation group will be trained three times per week for eight weeks using an electric current called functional electrical stimulation through the stimulator device NEURODYN II, IBRAMED mark, Amparo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. The sessions took place in the first hour of dialysis and will last at least 20 and maximum of 34 minutes. The parameters selected in the stimulator will be: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20s time off, intensity as patient tolerance. The patient will be positioned supine, the knees will be at 60° flexion through a foam wedge and ankles restrained by a band to make isometric exercise. Furthermore, the electrodes used to perform the electrical stimulation will adhesive, disposable and hypoallergenic. These will be placed over the motor points of the quadriceps muscle of both legs in order to make the most effective contraction. At the end of follow-up, both groups will be further evaluated in order to compare.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre.