This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition venous leg ulcer
Treatments aspirin, placebo (for aspirin)
Phase phase 2
Sponsor St George's, University of London
Collaborator University of York
Start date June 2015
End date August 2016
Trial size 26 participants
Trial identifier NCT02333123, 14.0096


This efficacy study evaluates the safety and effectiveness of aspirin for venous leg ulcer healing. The study also examines whether patients can be recruited to a larger study. Patients with chronic venous leg ulceration presenting and undergoing care in leg ulcer community clinics or hospital out-patient clinics, or registered with a clinic but are receiving care at home will be recruited. All patients will receive standard compression bandaging. Half of the participants will be randomised to receive aspirin, while the other half will receive a placebo.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Aspirin 300mg capsule by mouth once a day for 24 weeks.
Each 300mg aspirin capsule will contain over-encapsulated 4 x Aspirin 75mg tablets.
(Placebo Comparator)
Placebo capsule (for aspirin 300mg capsule) by mouth once a day for 24 weeks.
placebo (for aspirin)
Each placebo capsule will contain a lactose and magnesium stearate blend, and will appear identical in weight, colour and size to the matched aspirin capsules.

Primary Outcomes

Time to healing of the reference ulcer (the largest eligible ulcer)
time frame: 25 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Ulcer size (area) measured in square cm
time frame: 25 weeks
Recurrence of reference ulcer
time frame: 25 weeks
Ulcer related pain using the VAS Score
time frame: 5 weeks
Treatment concordance: number of participants completing the course of treatment
time frame: 24 weeks
Resource use
time frame: 27 weeks
Number of adverse events
time frame: 27 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Those with at least one chronic venous leg ulcer - where chronic venous leg ulceration is defined as any break in the skin which has either: a) been present for more than six weeks, or b) occurred in a person with a history of venous leg ulceration. Ulcers will be considered purely venous if clinically no other etiology was suspected. For this the ulcer must be venous in appearance (i.e. moist, shallow, of an irregular shape) and lie wholly or partially within the gaiter region of the leg. If the patient has more than one ulcer we will choose the largest ulcer as the 'index' lesion for purposes of the analysis. - Ulcer area > 1 square cm - Participants must have had an ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) ≥ 0.8 taken within the previous three months. When the ABPI is incompressible other forms of assessment including peripheral pulse examination / toe pressure / duplex ultrasound in combination with clinical judgement to be used to exclude PAD - Aged ≥ 18 years (no upper age limit) - Able and willing to provide informed consent - Ulcer duration > 6 weeks or prior history of venous ulceration. Exclusion Criteria: - Unable to provide consent - Unwilling to provide consent - Foot (below the ankle) ulcer - A leg ulcer of non-venous aetiology (i.e. arterial) - Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) <0.8 - Current regular use of aspirin (as may be randomised to placebo) - Previous intolerance of aspirin / contraindication to aspirin (decision made according to the prescribers' clinical judgement) - Prohibited medication: Probenecid - Known lactose intolerance (as placebo contains lactose) - Pregnant/lactating women - Currently participating in another study evaluating leg ulcer therapies. - Another reason that excluded them from participating within this trial (decision made according to the nurses' or prescribers' clinical judgment )* - Previously been recruited in to this trial.

Additional Information

Official title Aspirin for Venous Ulcers: Randomised Trial (AVURT)
Principal investigator Robert J Hinchliffe, MD, FRCS
Description The mainstay of treatment of leg ulcers is graded compression therapy to squeeze the fluid out of the leg and venous system. This has been shown to be effective in many clinical trials. However, despite this treatment patients take many months to heal (with median healing times of approximately 12 weeks in previous trials) and for some patients compression therapy does not result in resolution of their leg ulcers. The use of compression (as well as dressings largely to manage the wound exudate) can be expensive as nurse time is required to change bandages which can be required weekly or more frequently. Furthermore, for many patients the compression therapy is uncomfortable (sometimes painful) and inconvenient for everyday life (compression is bulky and dressings have to be changed several times weekly). If other treatments were able to reduce the time to healing then this would be a significant breakthrough. Results from two earlier small trials suggest aspirin may be of benefit. However this trials were poorly designed and reported. The present study will evaluate whether the addition of 300mg of daily aspirin to standard evidence based therapies reduces the time to healing of chronic venous leg ulceration using a more rigorous design. The study will also establish the feasibility of satisfactory participant recruitment for a bigger trial, and whether participants are compliant with their aspirin therapy. The safety of aspirin in this patient population will also be monitored.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by St George's, University of London.