This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition acetaminophen toxicity
Treatments acetaminophen, acetaminophen/propelyne glycol
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Collaborator Harvard University
Start date May 2013
End date December 2015
Trial size 50 participants
Trial identifier NCT02322879, 2013P-000070


A purpose of this protocol is to is to compare the metabolites of the toxic bioactivating pathway after acetaminophen alone or acetaminophen followed by Propylene Glycol (PG) and to determine if it prevents the formation of the toxic metabolites of acetaminophen.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification pharmacokinetics study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose prevention
(Placebo Comparator)
Subjects in this arm will receive 4 grams of solid acetaminophen formulation.
acetaminophen APAP, Tylenol
Daily administration of 4 grams of acetaminophen.
(Active Comparator)
Subjects in this arm will receive 4 grams of solid acetaminophen formulation in addition to 70 mg/kg/day of liquid propylene glycol
acetaminophen/propelyne glycol PG
Daily administration of 4 grams of acetaminophen and 70 mg/kg propylene glycol.

Primary Outcomes

Inhibition of rise in plasma transaminases
time frame: 10-14 days after initiation of interventions

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Healthy volunteers ages 20-40 - Patients not taking any chronic medications Exclusion Criteria: - Any history of liver disease - Frequent alcohol use (2 or more drinks more than 4 times per week) - Pregnant women - Chronic medical condition requiring daily pharmacotherapy or the use of any daily prescription medications. - Unable to provide informed consent

Additional Information

Official title Protective Effects of Propylene Glycol in Daily Acetaminophen Dosing
Principal investigator Steven Salhanick, MD
Description The purpose of this protocol is to contribute to our overarching purpose, which is to determine if inhibiting the bioactivation of acetaminophen (APAP) can prevent liver injury, and to further describe the initiating mechanisms of APAP induced liver injury. APAP induced liver injury is caused by metabolism and/or the resulting metabolites when APAP undergoes reductive metabolism via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) system, principally via CYP 2E1. Inhibition of CYP 2E1 activity protects against toxicity in rodents and tissue culture 1, 2. Our prior research indicates that inhibition of CYP 2E1 by administering a pediatric preparation of APAP containing Propylene Glycol (PG), a known CYP 2E1 inhibitor, results in reduced production of CYP 2E1 derived metabolites via competitive inhibition. In this proposed protocol the investigators will provide therapeutic doses of APAP and a separately administered non toxic dose of PG over a two-week period to healthy subjects. 20-75% of healthy people who take therapeutic doses of APAP for 7-28 days will have an asymptomatic and subclinical rise in transaminase levels that will return to baseline without adverse effect or therapy. 3 The return to baseline occurs despite continued dosing of APAP (heard review 9 and 17). A primary purpose is to determine if PG is, in fact, the substance in the liquid preparation responsible for the effect the investigators observed in the investigators initial study. A secondary purpose is to obtain plasma samples for secondary metabolomic analysis to elucidate the effect of CYP 2E1 inhibition. Specific Aims - 1 To demonstrate that co-administration of PG with APAP prevents the rise in AST/ALT expected in approximately one third of subjects following therapeutic dosing of APAP over days. - 2 To show that PG administered with APAP reduces toxic P450-derived metabolite production following therapeutic APAP administration. - 3 To obtain plasma samples to undergo metabolomic and other analyses to determine the effects of CYP 2E1 inhibition in the setting of APAP administration. - 4:To undergo metabolomic analyses on the day LFT's peak to determine differences in metabolomics parameters between subjects receiving propylene glycol plus acetaminophen versus just acetaminophen alone.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.