Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions anal canal squamous cell carcinoma, metastatic anal canal carcinoma, recurrent anal canal carcinoma
Treatments laboratory biomarker analysis, nivolumab
Phase phase 2
Target PD-1
Sponsor National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date May 2015
End date September 2016
Trial size 37 participants
Trial identifier NCT02314169, 9673, N01CM00032, N01CM00038, N01CM00039, N01CM00071, N01CM00099, N01CM00100, NCI-2014-02420, NCI9673, P30CA016672, P9673_R03PAPPHOLD01, UM1CA186704

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab works in treating patients with anal canal cancer that has not responded to previous treatment (refractory) and has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over approximately 60 minutes once every two weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
nivolumab BMS-936558
Given IV

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Overall response rate
time frame: Up to 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Incidence of toxicities graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0
time frame: Up to 100 days post-treatment
Overall survival
time frame: From initiation of treatment with nivolumab until death, assessed up to 2 years
Progression-free survival
time frame: From initiation of treatment with nivolumab until the time of disease progression, assessed up to 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed previously treated metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal - Patients must have measurable disease according to the standard Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1, computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs) used to assess the measurable disease must have been completed within 28 days prior to study drug initiation - Patients must have been treated with at least one prior systemic treatment for incurable advanced or metastatic SCCA of the anal canal; prior treatment for metastatic disease is not required for patients who develop new metastatic lesions during or within 6 months of completion of chemoradiation for limited-stage disease; patients who receive chemotherapy for incurable advanced or metastatic SCCA of the anal canal must wait a minimum >= 28 days (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) after the date of completion of chemotherapy prior to initiating treatment with nivolumab on this study; patients who undergo radiotherapy to a site of tumor must wait a minimum >= 3 months from the date of completion of radiotherapy prior to initiating treatment with nivolumab on this study - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 (Karnofsky >= 80%) - Leukocytes >= 2,000/mcL - Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL - Hemoglobin >= 9.0 gm/dL - Platelets >= 100,000/mcL - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL) - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN - Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula) - Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab; women must not be breastfeeding; women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men) do not require contraception - Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal; menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes - WOCBP receiving nivolumab will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 23 weeks after the last dose of investigational product; men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product - Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she (or the participating partner) should inform the treating physician immediately - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document - Brain metastases are allowed if they have been adequately treated with radiotherapy or surgery and have been stable for at least three months prior to registration; eligible subjects should be neurologically asymptomatic; there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for a minimum of 4 weeks after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration; there must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration - All patients must be willing to undergo testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing if not tested within the past 6 months - If HIV+ positive, all patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may be eligible for study provided that their CD4+ count >= 300/uL; their viral load is undetectable; they are currently receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) - All HIV+ patients will be under the care of an infectious diseases specialist; if a relationship with an infectious diseases specialist is not established, infectious disease specialist will be consulted; records of all viral counts and peripheral T-cell counts must be sent to the study coordinator in order to follow these values over the course of treatment - All patients must be willing to be tested for hepatitis screening; patients co-infected with hepatitis B virus and/or hepatitis C virus may be included in this study provided that their liver function tests remain within the limits listed above; patients must be followed by a hepatologist during the course of this study Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events (AEs) due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier (i.e., grade >= 2 AE present); palliative (limited-field) radiation therapy is permitted, as long as the lesion being considered for palliative radiation is not a target lesion - Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents - Patients should be excluded if they have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2), anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab - History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including chronic prolonged systemic corticosteroids (defined as corticosteroid use of duration one month or greater), should be excluded; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or anti-phospholipid syndrome should be excluded - Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses =< 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease; patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption); physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if =< 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents; a brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted - No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for at least three years

Additional Information

Official title A Multi-Institutional Phase 2 Study of Nivolumab in Refractory Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal
Principal investigator Cathy Eng
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate overall response rate (ORR) with nivolumab in patients with previously treated metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) of the anal canal. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate progression-free survival (PFS) of nivolumab in patients with previously treated metastatic SCCA of the anal canal. II. To evaluate overall survival (OS) in patients with previously treated metastatic SCCA of the anal canal treated with nivolumab. III. To evaluate the grade 3 and 4 toxicity rate in patients with previously treated metastatic SCCA of the anal canal when treated with nivolumab. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate ORR, PFS, and OS based on expression of programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), peritumoral cluster of differentiation (CD)8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), peritumoral CD4+ TILs, and regulatory T cells as analyzed from tumor biopsies in previously treated patients with metastatic SCCA of the anal canal when treated with nivolumab. II. To evaluate radiographic responses according to relative changes in proportions of anti-human papillomavirus (HPV) specific CD8+ and CD4+ TILs and regulatory T cells in patients with previously treated metastatic SCCA of the anal canal following treatment with nivolumab, analyzed from serial peripheral blood samples. OUTLINE: Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over approximately 60 minutes once every two weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 100 days and then every 3 months for 2 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in July 2016.