Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hormone-resistant prostate cancer, recurrent prostate carcinoma, stage iv prostate adenocarcinoma
Treatments enzalutamide, laboratory biomarker analysis, pembrolizumab
Phase phase 2
Targets androgen receptor, PD-1
Sponsor OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date November 2014
End date January 2017
Trial size 28 participants
Trial identifier NCT02312557, CR00025312, CRQ 2015, IRB00011025, MR00044410, NCI-2014-02131, P30CA069533

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body and keeps growing even when the amount of testosterone in the body is reduced to very low levels despite previous treatment with enzalutamide. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
INITIAL TREATMENT PHASE: Patients who are progressing on enzalutamide will receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide PO daily. MONITORING PHASE: After completion of the initial treatment phase, patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide PO daily for the duration of the trial. RETREATMENT PHASE: Patients with disease response or stability after the initial treatment phase will receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for an additional 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide PO daily for the duration of the trial.
enzalutamide ASP9785
Given PO
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
pembrolizumab Keytruda
Given IV

Primary Outcomes

Measure
PSA response, defined by a PSA decrease of at least 50% confirmed by a second measurement at least 3 weeks later
time frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes in T cell activation as measured in whole blood
time frame: Baseline to up to 4 weeks
Changes in T cell numbers as measured in whole blood
time frame: Baseline to up to 4 weeks
Changes in T cell phenotype as measured in whole blood
time frame: Baseline to up to 4 weeks
Circulating tumor cells
time frame: Up to 4 weeks
Immunohistochemistry for PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 in prostate tissue
time frame: Baseline
Immunological parameters, including leukocytes, lymphocytes, and macrophages in prostate tissue
time frame: Baseline
Objective disease response by radiographs
time frame: Up to 2 years
Overall survival
time frame: Up to 2 years
Percent change in PSA
time frame: Baseline to up to 30 days after completion of study treatment
PSA progression free survival, where the definition of progression will be PSA progression per Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 criteria
time frame: Up to 2 years
Systemic inflammatory markers (serum IL-8, IL-6, IL-1, TNF and TGF-beta)
time frame: Up to 4 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - ENTRY CRITERIA: Metastatic, castration resistant prostate cancer progressing on enzalutamide after initial response to enzalutamide - Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without pure small cell carcinoma; patients without histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma may be eligible if both the treating physician and the study principal investigator (PI) agree that the patient's history is unambiguously indicative of advanced adenocarcinoma - Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial - Have metastatic disease - Have permission to access tissue from an archival tissue sample; (absence of archival tissue will not preclude trial participation) - If the subject has a metastatic deposit that can be biopsied, he must have it biopsied - Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL - Platelets >= 100,000/mcL - Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L - Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]); creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard - Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases - International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (only if submitting to a biopsy) - Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (only if submitting to a biopsy) - Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy - Have a PSA or radiographic progression on enzalutamide; PSA progression is defined as two consecutive increases in PSA with the second level obtained at least 3 weeks after the first, and the second level of at least 0.5 ng/mL; soft tissue disease progression defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria or >= 2 new lesions on bone scan - Have had either surgical castration OR be on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or antagonist therapy with serum testosterone < 50 ng/dl AND agree to stay on LHRH agonist or antagonist therapy during the study Exclusion Criteria: - Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment - Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment - Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier - Has had chemotherapy for castration-resistant disease; chemotherapy for castration-sensitive disease is permitted - Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent - Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study - Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy - Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ bladder cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy - Has known brain metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis - Has a history of seizure - Has allergy to enzalutamide - Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; a severe autoimmune disease is one that requires a significant medical intervention such as hospitalization; subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule; subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's syndrome will not be excluded from the study - Has active, non-infectious pneumonitis - Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy - Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator - Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial - Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death (PD)-1, anti-PD-ligand (L)1, anti-PD-L2, anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways); previous treatment with sipuleucel-T is permitted - Has plans to receive cytotoxic chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors (eg CTLA-4 blockade), sipuleucel-T, radiopharmaceuticals, abiraterone or other experimental therapy during this study period - Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies) - Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected) - Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment - Has rapid progression of visceral disease and, thus is a candidate for docetaxel; this determination will be at the discretion of the treating physician

Additional Information

Official title Addition of Pembrolizumab Upon Progression on Enzalutamide in Men With mCRPC
Principal investigator Julie Graff
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Measure the anti-cancer activity of pembrolizumab in men with metastatic, castration resistant prostate cancer. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To investigate the immunological parameters to evaluate for possible markers and functional changes that are predictive of a clinical response. II. To collect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and determine the degree to which tumor characteristics are shared by the CTCs. III. Changes in T cell numbers, activation, and phenotype as measured in whole blood at diagnosis and throughout therapy. IV. Systemic inflammatory markers: serum interleukin (IL)-8, IL-6, IL-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. V. Objective disease response by radiographs. VI. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression free survival. VII. Overall survival. OUTLINE: INITIAL TREATMENT PHASE: Patients who are progressing on enzalutamide will receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide orally (PO) daily. MONITORING PHASE: After completion of the initial treatment phase, patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide PO daily for the duration of the trial. RETREATMENT PHASE: Patients with disease response or stability after the initial treatment phase will receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for an additional 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients continue to receive standard of care enzalutamide PO daily for the duration of the trial. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then every 12 weeks for 2 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by OHSU Knight Cancer Institute.