Fit and Trim for Diabetes Prevention
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||pre-diabetes, overweight, obese|
|Treatment||filipinos fit and trim weight loss program|
|Sponsor||University of California, San Francisco|
|Collaborator||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Start date||November 2014|
|End date||January 2017|
|Trial size||65 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT02278939, 14-13100, 1R34DK102100-01|
Filipino Americans (FA) are the second largest (3.4 million) Asian group in the US. and have one of the highest prevalences of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to non-Hispanic whites, African Americans and Hispanics. However, FA have been underrepresented in health related research, particularly in diabetes prevention. This proposed pilot study is the first clinical trial to assess preliminary estimates of the short-term effect of the novel social networking diabetes prevention program lifestyle intervention for this high-risk population.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
time frame: 3 months
time frame: 3 months
time frame: 3 months
Post-program process evaluation
time frame: 3 months and 6 months
Male or female participants from 24 years up to 80 years old.
Inclusion Criteria:: 1) BMI for Asians > 23 kg/m2, 2) Age > 24 years, 3) Diabetes risk test score52 > 5 points, fasting plasma glucose test between 100 - 125 mg/dl, HbA1c > 5.6% or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 140-200 mg/dl, 4) physically inactive based on Brief Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire,53 5) no cognitive impairment based on the Mini-Cog test,54 and 7) English speaking. Only one member per household will be allowed to enroll in the study. A smart phone will be provided if necessary. Exclusion Criteria:1) Physician diagnosed diabetes and confirmed by clinical data (e.g. documentation of fasting blood glucose >126 mg/dL or a positive OGTT), 2) HbA1C > 7.0%, 3) Glucose metabolism associated disease (Cushing's syndrome, Acromegaly, and Pheochromocytoma currently under treatment, chronic pancreatitis), 4) Thyroid disease - sub-optimally treated, 5) Known medical conditions or other physical problems needing special exercise program (e.g., prior myocardial infarction, history of angioplasty or angina, admission for hospital evaluation of chest pain, use of nitroglycerin for angina, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or uncontrolled hypertension), 6) Currently participating in a lifestyle modification program, 7) Planning a trip outside of the US during the 3-month study period, 8) Known eating disorder, 9) Planning to have gastric bypass surgery, 10) Taking antibiotics (including HIV-related agents), anti-tuberculosis agents (except tuberculosis prophylaxis)], or prescription weight-loss drugs.
|Official title||Filipinos Fit and Trim Weight Loss for Diabetes Prevention Program|
|Principal investigator||Melinda S Bender, PhD, RN|
|Description||Filipino Americans (FA) are the second largest (3.4 million) Asian group in the US, and the largest (1.5 million) in California, and have the highest prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to non-Hispanic whites, African Americans and Hispanics. However, there has been little health related research among FA. Improving physical activity (PA) and diet can prevent or delay T2DM, as evidenced by the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention, resulting in reducing T2DM risks. However, implementing the DPP has been expensive and labor intensive. A more cost-effective approach may be the use of mobile technologies coupled with social networking. Filipinos (95%) are avid mobile phone users and the leading Facebook users. Thus, we propose to test a culturally competent mobile phone-based Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle and social networking (in-person and virtual) intervention in a pilot 3-month randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a wait list active control design for 50 overweight FA at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.|
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