Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition diverticular disease
Sponsor University of Nottingham
Start date December 2011
End date October 2014
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02278770, 10/H0405/80

Summary

In this study, our novel MRI techniques for studying the small bowel will be applied to patients with diverticular disease. The ratio of visceral to subcutaneous fat will also be determined using MRI measurements. These data will be correlated with measurements of adipokines to determine if visceral fat has a specific influence on the severity of diverticular disease.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Difference in the volume of visceral fat compared to abdominal subcutaneous fat between symptomatic and asymptomatic DD groups
time frame: 3 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Adiponectin and leptin serum levels between symptomatic and asymptomatic DD groups
time frame: 3 years
The incidence of diarrhoea between participants with a BMI <25kg/m2 and those >25kg/m2
time frame: 3 years
Adiponectin and leptin serum levels between DD groups with and without diarrhoea
time frame: 3 years
Small and large bowel water and lumen diameter in symptomatic and asymptomatic DD groups
time frame: 3 years
Calprotectin levels between symptomatic and asymptomatic DD groups
time frame: 3 years
Microbiological gut profile between symptomatic asymptomatic DD groups
time frame: 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 85 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Participants must have symptomatic and asymptomatic Diverticular disease confirmed on colonoscopy, barium enema or CT scan (Symptomatic disease is defined as lower abdominal pain >1hr on 3 or more days per month for longer than 3 months.) Exclusion Criteria: - 1. Pregnant or lactating women. 2. Severe co-morbidity; e.g. heart failure, respiratory failure, alcoholism or drug dependence, 3. Inability to give informed consent. 4. If the participant has taken part in any other study on campus in the last 3 months they will not be able to take part in this study. 5. Inability to lie supine 6. Inability to stop laxatives for 24hrs and antispasmodics or ondansetron for 8 hours prior to the commencement of the MRI study. 7. Using long-term NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents e.g. ibuprofen), antibiotics or immunosuppressant drugs 8. Antibiotics within last 3 months 9. Other gastrointestinal inflammatory problems e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's or Coeliac disease MRI exclusions 10. Have a metallic implant 11. Have shrapnel inside the body 12. Ever had metallic fragments in the eye 13. Claustrophobia

Additional Information

Official title Pilot Study: MRI Study of Diverticular Disease Symptoms and Its Relationship to Visceral Adipose Tissue
Principal investigator Jan K Smith
Description Colonic diverticulosis is the most common structural abnormality of the colon and studies suggest that its incidence and/or complications are increasing. Increasing evidence suggests a link between obesity and complications of diverticular disease. With the prevalence of obesity increasing in westernised populations, the risk of complications from diverticular disease is likely to also increase. At present however, there is little understanding of how diverticular complications are increased by obesity. A high BMI might be a surrogate marker for other lifestyle factors which predispose to diverticular complications. Visceral fat may also have an influence on related complications, due to the compounds secreted by adipocytes. Altered bowel habit is a common complaint of diverticular patients. The cause is not well understood, is probably multi-factorial, and may include changes in the small bowel. Until recently, studies of the large and small bowel required intestinal intubation and perfusion and could not be performed on the undisturbed colon. New MRI techniques have now been developed, which allow these areas to be studied non-invasively. Abdominal fat can also be measured using MRI, and the distribution of subcutaneous and visceral fat will be compared for symptomatic and asymptomatic diverticular patients.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Nottingham.