Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition alveolar bone loss
Treatments 50% cortical/50% cancellous fdba, 100% cortical fdba, 100% cancellous fdba
Sponsor The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Start date October 2014
End date October 2016
Trial size 66 participants
Trial identifier NCT02275767, HSC2014-454H

Summary

The study is a 3-arm, parallel-design, randomized, prospective clinical trial.designed to examine histologic wound healing following ridge preservation using cortical bone allograft, cancellous bone allograft, or a combination of both cortical and cancellous bone allograft. This entire protocol involves procedures that are standard care. All materials are FDA-approved materials being used in an FDA-approved manner. The test group subjects will have extraction sockets grafted with a combination of 50% cortical/50% cancellous FDBA. This test group will be compared to two active control groups - one using 100% cortical FDBA and the other using 100% cancellous FDBA. The null hypothesis is that there will be no significant difference in formation of new vital bone between treatment groups (primary outcome).

Each subject will provide a single non-molar tooth site for study treatment. After tooth extraction, the graft material will be placed and covered by a non-resorbable membrane. Following 18-20 weeks of healing, the dental implant will be place, at which time a core of bone will be removed from the site as part of the preparation for the implant. The core biopsy will then be evaluated for the primary histologic outcome of % vital bone formation and secondary histologic outcome of % residual graft material.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Ridge preservation with Combination 50% cortical/50% cancellous freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA)
50% cortical/50% cancellous fdba
Ridge preservation after tooth extraction using 50% cortical/50% cancellous FDBA
(Active Comparator)
Ridge preservation with 100% cortical freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA)
100% cortical fdba
Ridge preservation after tooth extraction using 100% cortical FDBA
(Active Comparator)
Ridge preservation with 100% cortical freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA)
100% cancellous fdba
Ridge preservation after tooth extraction using 100% cancellous FDBA

Primary Outcomes

Measure
% vital bone formation (histological)
time frame: 18-20 weeks after ridge preservation

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
% residual graft material (histological)
time frame: 18-20 weeks after ridge preservation

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Patients will be included in this study if they qualify the following inclusion criteria: - Live within 50 miles from the School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio - Are able to attend a minimum of 6 visits over a 4-5 month period, as required by the study protocol - A single rooted tooth that has been identified as requiring extraction - Desire a dental implant to replace the missing tooth - Have adequate restorative space for a dental implant-retained restoration - Have at least 10mm of alveolar bone height, without impinging on the maxillary sinus or inferior alveolar canal. - Have a dehiscence of the buccal or lingual bony plate of the tooth socket extending no more than 50% of the total depth of the socket. - Female patients who have undergone a hysterectomy, tubal ligation, or menopause, and non-pregnant women of child-bearing potential. - Are nonsmokers or former smokers. Current smokers may only be included if they smoke <10 cigarettes per day Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who live more than 50 miles from the School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio - Patients who do not meet all the inclusion criteria or who will not cooperate with the required follow-up schedule. - Patients will are mentally incompetent, prisoners, or pregnant. - Pregnant women or women intending to become pregnant during the study period. - Smokers who smoke >10 cigarettes per day - Clinical and/or radiographic determinations which will preclude inclusion in this study are: Active infection other than periodontitis; Inadequate bone dimensions or restorative space for a dental implant; Presence of a disease entity, condition or therapeutic regimen which decreases probability of soft tissue and bony healing, e.g., poorly controlled diabetes, chemotherapeutic and immunosuppressive agents, autoimmune diseases, history of bisphosphonate use or long-term steroid therapy; Positive medical history of endocarditis following oral or dental surgery. - Sensitivity or allergy to Bacitracin, Gentamicin, Polymyxin B Sulfate, alcohol and/or surfactants

Additional Information

Official title Histological Evaluation of Healing Following Ridge Preservation Using a Combined Cortical/Cancellous Mineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft
Principal investigator Brian L Mealey, DDS, MS
Description The study is designed to examine histologic wound healing following ridge preservation using cortical bone allograft, cancellous bone allograft, or a combination of both cortical and cancellous bone allograft. This entire protocol involves procedures that are standard care. All materials are FDA-approved materials being used in an FDA-approved manner. The study is a 3-arm, parallel-design, randomized, prospective clinical trial. The test group subjects will have extraction sockets grafted with a combination of 50% cortical/50% cancellous FDBA. This test group will be compared to two active control groups - one using 100% cortical FDBA and the other using 100% cancellous FDBA. The null hypothesis is that there will be no significant difference in formation of new vital bone between treatment groups (primary outcome). Each subject will provide a single non-molar tooth site for study treatment. After tooth extraction, the graft material will be placed and covered by a non-resorbable membrane. Following 18-20 weeks of healing, the dental implant will be place, at which time a core of bone will be removed from the site as part of the preparation for the implant. The core biopsy will then be evaluated for the primary histologic outcome of % vital bone formation and secondary histologic outcome of % residual graft material.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.