Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition neoplasms
Treatments computer-based decision aid, standard care
Sponsor Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Collaborator American Cancer Society, Inc.
Start date March 2008
End date January 2017
Trial size 200 participants
Trial identifier NCT02265601, RSGHP-08-005-01-CPHPS

Summary

This study is designed to help the investigators understand more about how people plan for their future medical needs, a process known as "advance care planning."

The study is under the direction of Michael J. Green, M.D., and Benjamin Levi, M.D. physicians at Penn State Hershey Medical Center.

Participation in the project takes place during a single visit to the Medical Center campus. During this one-to-three hour visit, participants complete several questionnaires and use a computer program that produces a printed advance directive that can be shared with their physicians and loved ones. Participants will receive compensation toward travel expenses.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (investigator, outcomes assessor)
Arm
(Experimental)
"Making Your Wishes Known: Planning Your Medical Future"- Offers tailored education, values clarification exercises, and a sophisticated decision aid that translates an individual's goals and preferences into a specific medical plan that can be implemented by a health care team.
computer-based decision aid "Making Your Wishes Known: Planning Your Medical Future"
Offers tailored education, values clarification exercises, and a sophisticated decision aid that translates an individual's goals and preferences into a specific medical plan that can be implemented by a health care team.
(Active Comparator)
paper/pencil living will form
standard care
paper/pencil living will form

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Participant knowledge of advance care planning
time frame: Pre and post-intervention

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Participant decisional conflict
time frame: post-intervention
Participant satisfaction with decision
time frame: post-intervention
Participant satisfaction with advance care planning
time frame: post-intervention
Participant self-determination
time frame: pre and post-intervention
Participant anxiety
time frame: pre and post-intervention
Participant hopelessness
time frame: pre and post-intervention
Physician awareness of patients' health care wishes
time frame: post-death chart review
Physician adherence to patients' health care wishes
time frame: post-death chart review

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 18 years of age or older - able to give informed consent - interested in participating in advance care planning - able to read and understand English at an 8th grade level (per WRAT-3 screening test) - advanced cancer (primary or metastatic), with estimated lifespan < 6 months (as determined by their treating physician) - cognitively able to engage in advance care planning (Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) score >23) - absence of moderate or severe depression (BDI-II score <20/63) Exclusion Criteria: - unable to read and understand English at an 8th grade level (per Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-3)) - not cognitively able to engage in advance care planning (Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) score < 23) - moderate or severe depression (BDI-II score >20/63)

Additional Information

Official title End-of-Life Health Care Decisions by Patients With Advanced Cancer
Principal investigator Michael J. Green, MD, MS
Description Background: Despite widespread agreement that individuals ought to plan for their medical futures, few people (even seriously ill patients with cancer) actually complete advance directives, fewer yet understand key elements, and even when advance directives do exist, there are often barriers to their being implemented. Objectives: The investigators innovative, multimedia, interactive, computer-based decision aid, "Making Your Wishes Known: Planning Your Medical Future," offers tailored education, values clarification exercises, and a sophisticated decision aid that translates an individual's goals and preferences into a specific medical plan that can be implemented by a health care team. This project aims to evaluate its impact on decision-making and health care received by individuals at the end of life in a randomized clinical trial among a population of patients with advanced cancer who have life expectancies of < 12 months. Specific Aims: Aim 1: To evaluate the impact of a computer-based advance care planning intervention on end-of-life decision-making by cancer patients with estimated life expectancies < 12 months. The investigators hypothesize that, compared to standard care (paper/pencil living will form), use of the computer-based intervention will: H1: Improve individuals' decision-making about end-of-life health care H2: Improve individuals' experience with the process of advance care planning H3: Not increase individuals' hopelessness or anxiety, nor harm the doctor-patient relationship Aim 2: To evaluate the impact of the investigators intervention on end-of-life health care received by cancer patients with estimated life expectancies < 12 months. The investigators hypothesize that, compared to standard care, use of the computer intervention will: H4: Increase physician awareness of individuals' health care wishes H5: Increase physician adherence to individuals' health care wishes Study Design: Randomized, controlled pre-intervention/post-intervention trial comparing a computer-based educational intervention with standard care Cancer Relevance: Patients with advanced cancer face many medical decisions, some of which must be made when the patient cannot speak for him or herself. Helping these individuals to effectively articulate and communicate their wishes, in advance, can help assure that treatment they receive is consistent with their values, goals and wishes. This study aims to test the effectiveness of the investigators' computer-based intervention. If successful, this intervention can help improve the quality of health care received by cancer patients at the end of life.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.