Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hepatitis c infection, hiv
Treatment peg-interferon + ribavirin under hiv physician supervision
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement
Collaborator Ministry of Health, Thailand
Start date August 2014
End date April 2017
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT02247440, PHPT-HCV

Summary

This is a study of HCV treatment using the standard regimen of pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin in HIV co-infected patients participating in the PHPT cohort study. The treatment will be implemented in conjunction with gastro-enterologists/hepatologists by internists responsible for the participant's HIV treatment.

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is responsible for several severe and life threatening complications, which are worsened by HIV co-infection. HIV-HCV co-infected patients are at a higher risk of death compared to HIV mono-infected individuals, even if HIV replication is suppressed on antiretroviral treatment.

The goal of HCV antiviral treatment is to cure HCV infection. Curing HCV infection allows fibrosis regression, improved clinical outcomes. In addition, individuals who have been cured are no longer contagious to other individuals, therefore widespread access to HCV treatment may contribute to the control of the HCV epidemic.

A combination of injectable pegylated-interferon with oral ribavirin is currently the recommended regimen for the treatment of hepatitis C in the setting of HIV co-infection. They are administered for 24 weeks in HCV mono-infected patients but need to be administered for one year in HIV-HCV co-infected patients. Newer drugs, such as the first generation HCV protease inhibitors (boceprevir, telaprevir), administered concomitantly, are used in patients who have not been cured using peg-interferon + ribavirin, and may allow for shorter treatment.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE

1. To determine the percentage of patients according to genotypes with sustained virological response 6 months after treatment discontinuation (SVR).

HCV TREATMENT

- Peg-interferon alpha 2-b (a subcutaneous injection of 1.5 micrograms/kg once a week)

- Ribavirin dosing according to HCV genotype and body weight; dose adjustment in case of anemia.

A total of 60 patients could be enrolled in the study: 15 HCV-HIV co-infected patients in a first part (starting in August 2014) and 45 patients in a second part, depending on funding.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Peg-interferon + ribavirin under HIV physician supervision Peg-interferon alpha 2-b initial dosing is 1.5 micrograms/kg (subcutaneous injection) once a week Ribavirin initial dosing in the morning and in the evening: For genotypes 2, 3: ribavirin 400 mg (i.e. 800 mg daily). For genotypes 1, 4, 5 and 6: 800 mg/day, if bodyweight <65 kg, 1000 mg/day, if bodyweight between 66-80 kg, 1200 mg/day, if bodyweight between 81-105 kg, 1400 mg/day, if bodyweight >105 kg. Duration: 48 weeks
peg-interferon + ribavirin under hiv physician supervision Pegintron, Rebetol
Peg-interferon + ribavirin under HIV physician supervision

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Sustained virological response 6 months after treatment discontinuation
time frame: 6 months after end of treatment, i.e. 1.5 years after treatment initiation

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Safety of treatment
time frame: On treatment through 6 months after discontinuation
Impact of HCV treatment on HIV
time frame: At time of treatment discontinuation (whatever its date) and 6 months thereafter

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Evidence of chronic HCV infection for at least 6 months before study entry (at least one detectable HCV viral load, i.e. ≥17 IU/mL, with an antibody test positive at least 6 months before the HCV RNA load result) - Fibrosis Stage F2-3-4 determined by transient elastography (Fibroscan or other similar equipment). During the first part of the study, priority will be given to patients with Fibrosis Stage F2-3. - Negative pregnancy test (on the day of inclusion). Exclusion Criteria: - Anemia and thrombocytopenia - Severe liver damage, advanced stage cirrhosis or cancer - Uncontrolled diabetes, Uncontrolled thyroid dysfunction - Retinopathy - Creatinine clearance <50 mL/min (Cockcroft) - Disease associated with the immune system - Significant heart problems - Severe neuropsychiatric conditions Contra-indication to study treatment (including pregnancy or lack of effective contraception in the participant or female partner) - Other exclusion criteria related to the use of ribavirin and peg-interferon - Any conditions that, in the investigator's judgment, may compromise the follow up.

Additional Information

Official title Response to Peg-interferon and Ribavirin for the Treatment of HCV Infection in HIV Co-infected Patients, Implemented in Public Hospitals in Thailand
Principal investigator Gonzague Jourdain, MD, PhD
Description Study Population Screening: HIV infected patients with a positive anti-HCV test will be approached for screening if they are at least 18 years old, participate in the PHPT cohort study, have evidence of control of HIV replication and have a CD4 cell count ≥200 cells/mm3 if currently receiving antiretroviral HIV treatment (on the same anti-HIV regimen for at least 12 weeks); or HIV RNA load ≤5000 copies/ml CD4 cells ≥500 cells/mm3if not receiving antiretroviral treatment. Inclusion Criteria - Evidence of chronic HCV infection for at least 6 months before study entry (at least one detectable HCV viral load, i.e. ≥17 IU/mL, with an antibody test positive at least 6 months before the HCV RNA load result) - Fibrosis Stage F2-3-4 determined by transient elastography (Fibroscan or other similar equipment). During the first part of the study, priority will be given to patients with Fibrosis Stage F2-3. - Negative pregnancy test (on the day of inclusion). Main exclusion criteria - Anemia and thrombocytopenia - Severe liver damage, advanced stage cirrhosis or cancer - Uncontrolled diabetes, Uncontrolled thyroid dysfunction - Retinopathy - Creatinine clearance <50 mL/min (Cockcroft) - Disease associated with the immune system - Significant heart problems - Severe neuropsychiatric conditions - Contra-indication to study treatment (including pregnancy or lack of effective contraception in the participant or female partner) - Other exclusion criteria related to the use of ribavirin and peg-interferon - Any conditions that, in the investigator's judgment, may compromise the follow up. Follow up After HCV treatment initiation, patients will be monitored for safety and antiviral efficacy at 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44 and 48 weeks (end of treatment) and 6 months after treatment discontinuation. Treatment will be discontinued earlier in patients who do not achieve early viral response, i.e. a decrease of at least 2 log10 HCV RNA IU/mL after the first 12 weeks of HCV therapy.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement.